The Legacy of Louis XIV. Transformed France into the strongest country in Europe Able financial ministers: Cardinal Richelieu and Jean Baptiste Colbert transformed French economy, increased trade and improve French treasury
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Law organizes a monopoly on trading privileges in the French colony of Louisiana in North America
To get French investors, the value of the Mississippi Company’s stock was inflated
1718--the Mississippi Bubble as it was called turns into a financial disaster and Law flees the country disguised as a woman
The impending collapse of John Law’s bank triggered a financial panic throughout France. Desperate investors, such as those shown here in the city of Rennes, sought to exchange their paper currency, for gold and silver before the banks’ supply of precious metals was exhausted.
Collection Musée de Bretagne, Rennes
Under Louis XV (r. 1715–1774) France suffered major defeats
in Europe and around the world and lost most of its North
American empire. Louis himself was an ineffective ruler, and
during his reign, the monarchy encountered numerous
challenges from the French aristocracy.