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Political Ideologies. The Political Spectrum . The political spectrum is a line along which are placed the various political ideologies and political parties This line has a center, a left side and a right side

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The political spectrum
The Political Spectrum

  • The political spectrum is a line along which are placed the various political ideologies and political parties

  • This line has a center, a left side and a right side

  • The extreme ends of the line represent extreme political beliefs while the center is associated with more moderate beliefs


The political spectrum i
The Political Spectrum I

Center

Left

Right


The political spectrum ii
The Political Spectrum II

  • The center of the political spectrum is associated with the democratic form of government.

  • The extreme ends of the line on both the right and the left are totalitarian in form.


Democracy
Democracy

  • Direct democracy, where all citizens participate in government, originated with the ancient Greeks.

  • A Republic practices indirect democracy through elected representatives who speak for the people.

  • In a democracy the gov/state exists to serve the citizen.


Totalitarianism
Totalitarianism

  • Totalitarian forms of government are found at the extreme ends of the political spectrum on both the right and the left.

  • The gov/state exercises total control in this form of government.

  • In a totalitarian regime the individual exists only to serve the gov/state.


The political spectrum1
The Political Spectrum

Totalitarian

Democratic

Totalitarian


The political spectrum2
The Political Spectrum

  • The political beliefs of the left side of the spectrum support economic equality and change or progress in society

  • The extreme left is associated with Communism

  • Socialism and Social Democratic constructs are located on the left inside the circle – to various degrees



Communism
Communism

  • Karl Marx wrote the ‘Communist Manifesto’ in which he indicated that economic equality could only be achieved after a violent revolution.

  • Marx believed that the working people, or proletariat, would take power from their capitalist masters. He advocated uniting to overthrow private ownership.


Socialism
Socialism

  • The socialists, also, believe in economic equality, but only if it can be achieved through voting.

  • The basic goal of socialism is a more equal distribution of wealth. Nationalization of major industries is used to achieve this goal.

  • Democratic socialist political parties can be found in most modern democratic states such as Britain, France, and Spain.


The political spectrum3
The Political Spectrum

  • Political beliefs on the right side of the line support tradition and resist change in society that they deem unnecessary.

  • The extreme right is associated with Fascism.


Fascism
Fascism

  • Fascism as a political ideology began in Italy in 1922 with the regime of Benito Mussolini.

  • In Germany the National Socialist Party led by Hitler came to power in 1933.

  • This political philosophy stressed militarism, nationalism, and racial purity. These were seen as a means to protect traditional beliefs.


The political spectrum vii center to right wing
The Political Spectrum VII - Center to Right Wing

Liberalism

Fascism

Conservatism


The political spectrum4
The Political Spectrum

Conservatism

Communism

Socialism

Fascism


The political spectrum5
The Political Spectrum

Left

Right

Moderate

Liberal

Conservative

Communism

Fascism

Center


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