aice international history theme 3
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
AICE INTERNATIONAL HISTORY: THEME 3

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 28

AICE INTERNATIONAL HISTORY: THEME 3 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 179 Views
  • Uploaded on

AICE INTERNATIONAL HISTORY: THEME 3. The Crisis of Communism and the End of the Cold War. Sino-Soviet Conflict . 1950s Death of Stalin Incompatible personalities-distrust between Khrushchev and Mao Different Interest of the Russian and Chinese Empires Doctrinal Dispute.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'AICE INTERNATIONAL HISTORY: THEME 3' - lyndon


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
aice international history theme 3

AICE INTERNATIONAL HISTORY: THEME 3

The Crisis of Communism and the End of the Cold War

sino soviet conflict
Sino-Soviet Conflict
  • 1950s
  • Death of Stalin
  • Incompatible personalities-distrust between Khrushchev and Mao
  • Different Interest of the Russian and Chinese Empires
  • Doctrinal Dispute
sino soviet conflict3
Sino-Soviet Conflict
  • Mao resented the fact that the Russians had done very little to help Chinese communists
  • Khrushchev visited Beijing in 1954-chief of world communism?
  • Mao- believed that he should be the world’s leading communist
  • Deterioration set in about 1956- disagreements over De-Stalinization (Mao not consulted)
sino soviet conflict4
Sino-Soviet Conflict
  • Khrushchev supports non-communists in Asia- India, Burma, Afghanistan
  • 1957- Khrushchev promised China samples of nuclear material and information about the construction of nuclear weapons
  • Mao- wanted to use Russia’s nuclear armory as a diplomatic advantage against the US
  • Mao- encourage revolutionary movements in Asia, Africa, and Latin America
sino soviet conflict5
Sino-Soviet Conflict
  • Khrushchev- did not support the Chinese view that the communist powers could do more
  • Chinese maintained the orthodox Marxist position that war was inevitable
  • Moscow was more worried than Beijing about the risks of escalation to nuclear war
  • Russians and Chinese disagreed over the methods to be used to turn Asia, Africa, and Latin America away from the US
sino soviet conflict6
Sino-Soviet Conflict
  • China only wanted to help communists- Russians willing to help non-communist revolutionary movements
  • Russians were not willing to support Chinese attempts to regain Taiwan
  • Khrushchev was willing to set up nuclear bases in China but only on the understanding that the Russians would be in control
  • Russians pulled support for the Great Leap forward
sino soviet conflict7
Sino-Soviet Conflict
  • August 1959- Khrushchev went to the US for talks with Eisenhower at Camp David
  • The Camp David negotiations left out Chinese interests- Taiwan
  • 1960- withdrawal of 12,000 Russian technicians from China
sino soviet conflict8
Sino-Soviet Conflict
  • 1964- Khrushchev was overthrown
  • Possible reconciliation between the Soviets and Chinese…
  • Chinese refused to attend a conference of communist parties in Moscow in 1965
sino soviet conflict9
Sino-Soviet Conflict
  • Russian embassy in Beijing was attacked in 1967
  • China condemned the Russian invasion of Czechoslovakia
  • 1969- Border disputes almost led to war
  • Russian forces in the east were increased in the 1970s and 1980s
sino soviet conflict10
Sino-Soviet Conflict
  • 1979- Russian threat to China was magnified by the establishment of Russian naval and air bases in Vietnam
  • 1970-71- China admitted to the UN (Security Council)
  • 1971- Nixon reversed American policy towards China when he established diplomatic relations with China
the disintegration of the ussr
The Disintegration of the USSR
  • 1964-1982 Leonid Brezhnev
  • Domestic problems- economy, corruption
  • Empire in central and eastern Europe became unsustainable
  • By 1985 the USSR could neither feed its people nor provide an acceptable standard of living
the disintegration of the ussr12
The Disintegration of the USSR
  • 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev
  • Intelligent, courageous, and politically agile
  • Embarked upon a course of economic and political reform (glasnost, perestroika)
  • Glasnost- openness
  • Perestroika- restructuring of the economy
the disintegration of the ussr13
The Disintegration of the USSR
  • Glasnost
  • End to the falsification of economic performance
  • Inroads on censorship and habits of subservience
  • Abolition of the Communist Party’s monopoly of power
  • Reforming both the state political system and the economy
the disintegration of the ussr14
The Disintegration of the USSR
  • Perestroika
  • Greater independence for co-operatives and managers of state enterprises
  • Introduction of regulation by market forces
  • Difficulties in going from one system to another
  • Development of the reforms was tentative and shapeless
the disintegration of the ussr15
The Disintegration of the USSR
  • The political and economic transformation of the USSR was slowed by nationalist movements within the Soviet Union
  • 12 of the 15 republics all had grievances and disruptive separatist aspirations
  • Three Baltic republics, Moldavia, three in the Caucasus and five in central Asia.
  • http://www.history.com/videos/the-fall-of-the-soviet-union#the-fall-of-the-soviet-union
the disintegration of the ussr17
The Disintegration of the USSR
  • Gorbachev’s failures?
  • Devalued and demoted the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (still wanted some modified form)
  • Economic policy was confusing and the economic situation catastrophic
  • No foreign exchange, a budget deficit, all industries losing money
the disintegration of the ussr18
The Disintegration of the USSR
  • Gorbachev successes?
  • Boldness in abandoning the Soviet empire in Europe
  • Initiatives in the mutual disarmament of the Cold war
  • Confronted the most daunting problems of the Soviet Union- failed political and economic system
the disintegration of the ussr19
The Disintegration of the USSR
  • System failure
  • Gorbachev failed because he was trying to reform the unreformable
  • Soviet communism relied on central planning and was not familiar with the function of a market economy
  • Lasted as long as it did because of the tyranny of the rulers- people sacrificed because they were afraid
the disintegration of the ussr20
The Disintegration of the USSR
  • The collapse of the Soviet Union condemned the communist system
  • Capitalism triumphant but deeply unsatisfying
  • 1991- Boris Yeltsin takes power and inherits not the Soviet Union but Russia
end of the cold war
End of the Cold War
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fmtNJdX0Q44
  • What was the main idea of the video clip? Provide details to support.
  • What actions did Reagan take that accelerated the collapse of the Cold War?
  • Evaluate the strength of the Reagan foundation’s argument.
  • Does your group agree or disagree with the video’s argument regarding Reagan’s role in the Cold War?
end of the cold war22
End of the Cold War
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jfLDKFwDSIg
  • What is the main idea of the video clip? Provide details to support.
  • What is meant by the term “hero worship” in the context of the end of the Cold War?
  • Evaluate the strength of the author’s argument.
  • Does your group agree or disagree with the video’s argument regarding what caused the collapse of the Soviet Union?
soviets in afghanistan
Soviets in Afghanistan
  • Muslim Afghanistan had remained a nonaligned nation in the Cold War until 1978
  • Pro-Soviet government introduced radical reforms in education and family law- led to civil war
  • Islamic religious leaders objected to the change brought by the communist People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan.
  • 1979- beginning of Soviet intervention
soviets in afghanistan24
Soviets in Afghanistan
  • With the help of Soviet forces, Babrak Karmal tried to establish control over Afghanistan
  • 1979-1988- Soviet forces fought a brutal campaign against Afghan mujahedeen, or Islamic warriors
  • Weapons and money from the United States sustained the Islamic fighters in their struggle
  • CIA provided fighters with ground-to-air Stinger Missiles
soviets in afghanistan25
Soviets in Afghanistan
  • 1986- Soviet leadership replaced Karmal with the equally unpopular Muhammad Najibullah
  • United Nations negotiated a cease-fire in 1988 and a full Soviet withdrawal took place the following year
  • Fighting cont. after the Soviet retreat with the Taliban gaining control of the country by 1996
soviets in afghanistan26
Soviets in Afghanistan
  • Experience in Afghanistan demonstrated the declining power of the Soviet Union
  • Afghanistan: Soviet Union
  • Vietnam: United States
  • Taxed both nations and caused dissatisfaction with Cold War policies- undermined the prestige of the superpowers
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w8Vmx9Pg5Js
soviets in afghanistan27
Soviets in Afghanistan
  • Draw/paint a picture or write a fictional story/poem about Afghanistan and its connection to the Cold War
  • Include facts related to the Soviet Union, United States, and the Taliban
  • Attempt to artistically answer the following question- What does history teach us about our current situation in Afghanistan?
timeline 234 240
Timeline: 234-240
  • Create a timeline about 10 events in central and eastern Europe after Stalin’s death.
  • Focus only on areas of unrest.
  • Make sure to include the date and what happened.
ad