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WESTERN RELIGIONS. JUDAISM. GOD. God of Abraham “Adonai” or “Yahweh” Moses important prophet. Geography. United States Israel. Holy Book. TeNaKh Torah 613 Commandments (laws) Hebrew is sacred Language. Practice & Rituals. Fast during Yom Kippur Give to Needy & Create justice

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WESTERN RELIGIONS

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WESTERN RELIGIONS


JUDAISM


GOD

  • God of Abraham

  • “Adonai” or “Yahweh”

  • Moses important prophet


Geography

  • United States

  • Israel


Holy Book

  • TeNaKh

  • Torah

    • 613 Commandments (laws)

  • Hebrew is sacred Language


Practice & Rituals

  • Fast during Yom Kippur

  • Give to Needy & Create justice

  • Kosher foods only


Leadership

  • Rabbi (Torah Scholar)

    • Synagogue (Temple)

    • Saturday is Sabbath


Sects

  • Orthodox

  • Conservative

  • Reform


Key Beliefs

  • Abraham’s descendents are “Chosen”

  • Promised land is “Canaan”

  • Second coming of God is yet to arrive

  • Jerusalem is Holy City


islam


GOD

  • God of Abraham

    • “Allah”

    • Muhammad

      • Born in Mecca


Geography

  • Middle East

  • West Asia

  • Africa

  • United States

  • World’s second largest faith


Holy Book

  • Qur’an

  • Muhammad received the text from God

  • Arabic is sacred language


Practice & Rituals

  • Read the Qur’an

  • FIVE PILLARS

    • Pilgrimage to Mecca

    • Almsgiving

    • Public Declaration of Faith

    • Pray Five times daily

    • Fast at Ramadan


Key Beliefs

  • Salvation / Damnation

  • Abraham’s descendents are “Chosen”

  • Muhammad is final prophet

  • Mecca (Makkah) is Holy City

  • Jerusalem is location of Muhammad’s message


CHRISTIANITY


GOD

  • God of Abraham

  • Jesus of Nazareth

  • Holy Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit)


Geography

  • Western Hemisphere

  • Europe

  • Africa

  • World’s largest faith


Holy Book

  • Bible

    • Old Testament

      • Hebrew Laws / Prophets

    • New Testament

      • Jesus & His teachings


Practice & Rituals

  • Baptism

  • Communion


Leadership

  • Priests, Ministers, Monks, Nuns, Reverends

  • Church

  • Sunday is Sabbath


Sects

  • Eastern Orthodox

  • Roman Catholic

  • Protestant


Key Beliefs

  • Salvation / Damnation

  • Hebrews as direct decedents of Abraham

  • Jesus’ Death/Resurrection

  • Salvation attained through Jesus

  • Jerusalem is Holy City


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