Herodotus. The Persian Wars, The Rise of Athens, and the Invention of History. Key Battles-Overview. 546 Persian Conquest of Asia Minor 499-94 Ionian Rebellion 490 Battle of Marathon 480 Invasion of Xerxes 480 Thermopylae, Artemisium, Salamis 479 Plataea 431-404 Peloponnesian War
The Persian Wars, The Rise of Athens, and the Invention of History
He is often called the “father of history,” but some are put off by the “tall tales” he tells. For sure, he does get some things wrong, and he does tell a lot of fabulous stories, but he often makes it clear that he is reporting on what people say about various problems. In fact, he is often trying to correct the misunderstandings of the common perceptions.
He seems to be constantly teasing out the relationship between fate and human action.
He seems to argue against notions of hubris.
He gives lots of examples that point to the instability of human fortune, and the necessity of cycles of rise and fall, and the looming presence of death.
He seems to have some notion of an almost karma-like mechanism that brings consequences to the evil-doer.