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DID YOU KNOW……. The destructive and irresponsible use of alcohol and other drugs costs North Carolina more than $5.5 billion annually. Approximately 15% of the national health care budget is spent on treating conditions related to substance abuse, including alcohol!. FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME.

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DID YOU KNOW……

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Did you know

DID YOU KNOW……

  • The destructive and irresponsible use of alcohol and other drugs costs North Carolina more than $5.5 billion annually.

  • Approximately 15% of the national health care budget is spent on treating conditions related to substance abuse, including alcohol!


Fetal alcohol syndrome

FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME

  • A tragic set of permanent physical, mental, and behavioral birth defects that result when mothers drink alcohol during pregnancy

  • ½ of infants from alcoholic mothers can develop FAS

  • Alcohol consumption causes birth defects in about 3 out of 1000

  • The most severe damage is done during the first trimester when heavy alcohol is being consumed

  • Often the mother does not know she is pregnant before the damage is done


Did you know

  • When a mother drinks, her unborn child is exposed to alcohol.

  • When a mother consumes alcohol, it is absorbed into the bloodstream at the same rate for the infant as it is absorbed for the mother.

  • Ethanol – main ingredient has the toxic effect on the fetus.


Fetal alcohol syndrome requires at least one feature from each of the three categories

Fetal alcohol Syndrome requires at least one feature from each of the three categories

  • Growth Retardation

    • Abnormally small for age weight, length, and/or head circumference

  • Central Nervous System disorders

    • Abnormal brain functioning, delays in behavioral development, and/or intellectual impairment

  • At least one of the facial features


The facial features of fetal alcohol syndrome are

The facial features ofFetal Alcohol Syndrome are:

  • Small eyelid openings

  • Short, upturned nose

  • Long upper lip (from nose to mouth) with a thin red border and a deficient central groove

  • Reduced size of the head


The facial features of fetal alcohol syndrome are1

The facial features ofFetal Alcohol Syndrome are:

  • Drooping eyelids

  • Sunken nasal bridge

  • Small jaw

  • Failure of eyes to move in same direction


Did you know

NORMAL

FAS


Children with alcohol related birth defects typically have

Children with alcohol-related birth defects typically have:

  • attention deficits

  • language difficulties

  • learning disabilities

  • impulsive behavior

  • poor judgment

  • poor coordination

  • irritability in infancy

  • small brain


Did you know

The facial features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

can be seen in both a child and a mouse fetus

that were exposed to alcohol during development.

child with FAS

mouse fetuses

Narrow forehead

Short palpebral fissures

Small nose

Small midface

Long upper lip with

deficient philtrum

alcohol-exposed

normal


Did you know

THE FACE OF A CHILD

WITH FULL-BLOWN FAS

HAS FEATURES THAT

CAN BE CAUSED BY

DAMAGE TO MIDLINE

STUCTURES.


Did you know

MATERNAL ALCOHOL ABUSE IS THE LEADING KNOWN CAUSE OF MENTAL RETARDATION IN THE WESTERN WORLD


Did you know

  • In the US, at least 5,000 infants with FAS are born each year


Did you know

  • Alcohol can cause permanent damage to a baby before most women realize they are pregnant.


Excessive alcohol exposure can cause damage during all stages of prenatal development

Excessive alcohol exposure can cause damage during all stages of prenatal development.

  • Pre-implantation: first 2 weeks

  • Embryonic: 3-8 weeks after conception

  • Fetal: from week 9 until birth


Did you know

How much is too much ???


How much alcohol is in a drink

How much alcohol is in a drink?

12 oz beer = 5 oz wine = shot of liquor in a mixed drink

Each contains the same amount of alcohol and all can cause damage to a developing baby!


Warning

WARNING!

  • Some drinks contain more than a “serving” of alcohol


Did you know

  • Health advisories urge women who are planning pregnancy or who are pregnant not to drink alcohol!


Despite warnings frequent drinking among pregnant women appears to be increasing

Despite warnings, frequent drinking among pregnant women appears to be increasing

  • 1 in 5 pregnant women drink alcohol at some time during her pregnancy.

Frequent drinking is defined as 7

or more drinks per week or 5 or more

drinks on at least one occasion.


Did you know

There is no known “safe” amount of alcohol that a pregnant woman can drink and not risk damaging her baby; therefore, pregnant women should not drink!


Did you know

  • The amount and timingof maternal alcohol use determines the type and extent of resulting birth defects.


Alcohol related birth defects are expensive

Alcohol-Related Birth Defects are EXPENSIVE

  • The institutional and medical costs for one individual with FAS are estimated to be $1.4 million over a lifetime.

  • In the US, it is estimated that each year up to $9.7 billion is spent to help those with FAS


Did you know

Alcohol-relatedbirth defectslast a lifetime.


Did you know

ALCOHOL-RELATED

BIRTH DEFECTS ARE

100% PREVENTABLE


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