Did you know
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 25

DID YOU KNOW…… PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 51 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

DID YOU KNOW……. The destructive and irresponsible use of alcohol and other drugs costs North Carolina more than $5.5 billion annually. Approximately 15% of the national health care budget is spent on treating conditions related to substance abuse, including alcohol!. FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME.

Download Presentation

DID YOU KNOW……

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


DID YOU KNOW……

  • The destructive and irresponsible use of alcohol and other drugs costs North Carolina more than $5.5 billion annually.

  • Approximately 15% of the national health care budget is spent on treating conditions related to substance abuse, including alcohol!


FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME

  • A tragic set of permanent physical, mental, and behavioral birth defects that result when mothers drink alcohol during pregnancy

  • ½ of infants from alcoholic mothers can develop FAS

  • Alcohol consumption causes birth defects in about 3 out of 1000

  • The most severe damage is done during the first trimester when heavy alcohol is being consumed

  • Often the mother does not know she is pregnant before the damage is done


  • When a mother drinks, her unborn child is exposed to alcohol.

  • When a mother consumes alcohol, it is absorbed into the bloodstream at the same rate for the infant as it is absorbed for the mother.

  • Ethanol – main ingredient has the toxic effect on the fetus.


Fetal alcohol Syndrome requires at least one feature from each of the three categories

  • Growth Retardation

    • Abnormally small for age weight, length, and/or head circumference

  • Central Nervous System disorders

    • Abnormal brain functioning, delays in behavioral development, and/or intellectual impairment

  • At least one of the facial features


The facial features ofFetal Alcohol Syndrome are:

  • Small eyelid openings

  • Short, upturned nose

  • Long upper lip (from nose to mouth) with a thin red border and a deficient central groove

  • Reduced size of the head


The facial features ofFetal Alcohol Syndrome are:

  • Drooping eyelids

  • Sunken nasal bridge

  • Small jaw

  • Failure of eyes to move in same direction


NORMAL

FAS


Children with alcohol-related birth defects typically have:

  • attention deficits

  • language difficulties

  • learning disabilities

  • impulsive behavior

  • poor judgment

  • poor coordination

  • irritability in infancy

  • small brain


The facial features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

can be seen in both a child and a mouse fetus

that were exposed to alcohol during development.

child with FAS

mouse fetuses

Narrow forehead

Short palpebral fissures

Small nose

Small midface

Long upper lip with

deficient philtrum

alcohol-exposed

normal


THE FACE OF A CHILD

WITH FULL-BLOWN FAS

HAS FEATURES THAT

CAN BE CAUSED BY

DAMAGE TO MIDLINE

STUCTURES.


MATERNAL ALCOHOL ABUSE IS THE LEADING KNOWN CAUSE OF MENTAL RETARDATION IN THE WESTERN WORLD


  • In the US, at least 5,000 infants with FAS are born each year


  • Alcohol can cause permanent damage to a baby before most women realize they are pregnant.


Excessive alcohol exposure can cause damage during all stages of prenatal development.

  • Pre-implantation: first 2 weeks

  • Embryonic: 3-8 weeks after conception

  • Fetal: from week 9 until birth


How much is too much ???


How much alcohol is in a drink?

12 oz beer = 5 oz wine = shot of liquor in a mixed drink

Each contains the same amount of alcohol and all can cause damage to a developing baby!


WARNING!

  • Some drinks contain more than a “serving” of alcohol


  • Health advisories urge women who are planning pregnancy or who are pregnant not to drink alcohol!


Despite warnings, frequent drinking among pregnant women appears to be increasing

  • 1 in 5 pregnant women drink alcohol at some time during her pregnancy.

Frequent drinking is defined as 7

or more drinks per week or 5 or more

drinks on at least one occasion.


There is no known “safe” amount of alcohol that a pregnant woman can drink and not risk damaging her baby; therefore, pregnant women should not drink!


  • The amount and timingof maternal alcohol use determines the type and extent of resulting birth defects.


Alcohol-Related Birth Defects are EXPENSIVE

  • The institutional and medical costs for one individual with FAS are estimated to be $1.4 million over a lifetime.

  • In the US, it is estimated that each year up to $9.7 billion is spent to help those with FAS


Alcohol-relatedbirth defectslast a lifetime.


ALCOHOL-RELATED

BIRTH DEFECTS ARE

100% PREVENTABLE


  • Login