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DID YOU KNOW……. The destructive and irresponsible use of alcohol and other drugs costs North Carolina more than $5.5 billion annually. Approximately 15% of the national health care budget is spent on treating conditions related to substance abuse, including alcohol!. FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME.

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Did you know
DID YOU KNOW……

  • The destructive and irresponsible use of alcohol and other drugs costs North Carolina more than $5.5 billion annually.

  • Approximately 15% of the national health care budget is spent on treating conditions related to substance abuse, including alcohol!


Fetal alcohol syndrome
FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME

  • A tragic set of permanent physical, mental, and behavioral birth defects that result when mothers drink alcohol during pregnancy

  • ½ of infants from alcoholic mothers can develop FAS

  • Alcohol consumption causes birth defects in about 3 out of 1000

  • The most severe damage is done during the first trimester when heavy alcohol is being consumed

  • Often the mother does not know she is pregnant before the damage is done



Fetal alcohol syndrome requires at least one feature from each of the three categories
Fetal alcohol Syndrome requires at least one feature from each of the three categories

  • Growth Retardation

    • Abnormally small for age weight, length, and/or head circumference

  • Central Nervous System disorders

    • Abnormal brain functioning, delays in behavioral development, and/or intellectual impairment

  • At least one of the facial features


The facial features of fetal alcohol syndrome are
The facial features of each of the three categoriesFetal Alcohol Syndrome are:

  • Small eyelid openings

  • Short, upturned nose

  • Long upper lip (from nose to mouth) with a thin red border and a deficient central groove

  • Reduced size of the head


The facial features of fetal alcohol syndrome are1
The facial features of each of the three categoriesFetal Alcohol Syndrome are:

  • Drooping eyelids

  • Sunken nasal bridge

  • Small jaw

  • Failure of eyes to move in same direction


NORMAL each of the three categories

FAS


Children with alcohol related birth defects typically have
Children with alcohol-related each of the three categoriesbirth defects typically have:

  • attention deficits

  • language difficulties

  • learning disabilities

  • impulsive behavior

  • poor judgment

  • poor coordination

  • irritability in infancy

  • small brain


The facial features of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome each of the three categories

can be seen in both a child and a mouse fetus

that were exposed to alcohol during development.

child with FAS

mouse fetuses

Narrow forehead

Short palpebral fissures

Small nose

Small midface

Long upper lip with

deficient philtrum

alcohol-exposed

normal


THE FACE OF A CHILD each of the three categories

WITH FULL-BLOWN FAS

HAS FEATURES THAT

CAN BE CAUSED BY

DAMAGE TO MIDLINE

STUCTURES.





Excessive alcohol exposure can cause damage during all stages of prenatal development
Excessive alcohol exposure can cause damage during all stages of prenatal development.

  • Pre-implantation: first 2 weeks

  • Embryonic: 3-8 weeks after conception

  • Fetal: from week 9 until birth


How much is too much ??? stages of prenatal development.


How much alcohol is in a drink
How much alcohol is in a drink? stages of prenatal development.

12 oz beer = 5 oz wine = shot of liquor in a mixed drink

Each contains the same amount of alcohol and all can cause damage to a developing baby!


Warning
WARNING! stages of prenatal development.

  • Some drinks contain more than a “serving” of alcohol



Despite warnings frequent drinking among pregnant women appears to be increasing
Despite warnings, frequent drinking among pregnant women appears to be increasing

  • 1 in 5 pregnant women drink alcohol at some time during her pregnancy.

Frequent drinking is defined as 7

or more drinks per week or 5 or more

drinks on at least one occasion.


There is no known “safe” amount of alcohol that a pregnant woman can drink and not risk damaging her baby; therefore, pregnant women should not drink!


  • The amount and timing pregnant woman can drink and not risk damaging her baby; therefore, pregnant women should not drink!of maternal alcohol use determines the type and extent of resulting birth defects.


Alcohol related birth defects are expensive
Alcohol-Related Birth Defects are EXPENSIVE pregnant woman can drink and not risk damaging her baby; therefore, pregnant women should not drink!

  • The institutional and medical costs for one individual with FAS are estimated to be $1.4 million over a lifetime.

  • In the US, it is estimated that each year up to $9.7 billion is spent to help those with FAS


Alcohol-related pregnant woman can drink and not risk damaging her baby; therefore, pregnant women should not drink! birth defects last a lifetime.


ALCOHOL-RELATED pregnant woman can drink and not risk damaging her baby; therefore, pregnant women should not drink!

BIRTH DEFECTS ARE

100% PREVENTABLE


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