Traveling westward
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Traveling Westward. Traveling Westward. Introduction Traveling West Why move westward How? Conclusion. Bellwork. Why would someone want to move into the newly acquired western territories. Westward Expansion. Who? How? Why?. Who. Commercial Farmers Plantation Farmers

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Traveling Westward

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Traveling Westward


Traveling Westward

  • Introduction

  • Traveling West

    • Why move westward

    • How?

  • Conclusion


Bellwork

  • Why would someone want to move into the newly acquired western territories.


Westward Expansion

  • Who?

  • How?

  • Why?


Who

  • Commercial Farmers

  • Plantation Farmers

  • Native Americans

  • Empresario

  • Mormons

  • 49ers


How?

  • Routes:

    • Roads

    • Waterways

    • Canal

    • Wagon

    • Rail Road

    • Steamboat

    • Train


How - Road


How - Train


How - Canal


How - Trails

  • Travel Via Sea

    • Ships would travel around the tip of South America to West Coast

  • Land routes

    • Between 1840-1860 approx. 300,000 made the journey

      • California = 200,000

      • Oregon = 53,000

      • Utah = 30,000

    • Length of trip 4-6 months

    • Cost of Transportation

      • $400 for wagon and gear

    • Death rate of journey 5%


How - Trail


Dangers of the Trail: The Donner Party

April, 1846 – April, 1847


Donner Party

Margaret Patrick John Breen Breen Breen

  • Of the 83 members of the Donner Party, only 45 survived to get to California!

James Reed & Wife


Check Up!

  • List the major routes people are taking to travel westward.


Why Westward?

  • Religion

    • Mormons


Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormon Church)

  • Foundation

    • Joseph Smith

    • Published Book of Mormon in 1830

    • Eventually settled with many followers in Illinois


Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormon Church)

  • Foundation

    • Joseph Smith

    • Published Book of Mormon in 1830

    • Eventually settled with many followers in Illinois

    • In 1844 Smith was jailed and then murdered by a mob


Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormon Church)

  • New leader

    • Brigham Young

  • Goal: Freedom from religious persecution

  • Migration to Utah began in 1847

  • By 1848 5,000 settlers had migrated to Utah

  • Utah became a state in 1896


Why Westward?

  • Religion

    • Mormons

  • Free Land


Donation Land Claim Act1850

  • Free land in Oregon Country

    • White, male citizens over 18 could receive 320 acres of land

    • Married couples 640 acres

    • Land had to be occupied for four years and improved

    • 2.5 million acres were given out to 7,000 people


The Oregon Trail – Albert Bierstadt, 1869


  • The Oregon Trail – Game


Why Westward?

  • Religion

    • Mormons

  • Free Land

  • Gold


California Gold Rush

  • 1848 – Gold discovered outside of Sacramento

  • Population explosion

    • 1848 – 14,000

    • 1852 – 225,000


California Gold Rush

  • Prospectors initially worked alone

    • 49ers could earn $50 day

      • Two months wages in a northern factory

  • 95% of prospectors were male

  • Prospectors came from all over the World

    • Mid-1850s = 20% of prospectors were from China


Check Up!

  • How did manifest destiny change the United States?


Match the corresponding who, where and why


Links

  • Brigham Young

  • Gold Rush

  • Oregon Trail

  • Oregon Trail (National Park Service)


Source

  • http://college.cengage.com/history/lecturepoints/index.html


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