Nouns and compound nouns. NOUNS. Nouns are names of. Person- Marc, Lucy, Helen etc. Place- Lyon, Tunisia, London-etc Some class or category- cat, dog, king, prince Things- bottle, paper, book etc. Types of nouns. TYPES OF NOUNS WITH EXAMPLES.
Nouns are names of
TYPES OF NOUNS WITH EXAMPLES
1. Proper noun- specific names: Lucy, George, France, Lyon etc.
NOTE: They are always written in capital letters.
2. Common noun: boy, book, shop, house etc. ( written in capital
only if they are in the beginning of the sentences).
Example: Houses are of many types.
3. Collective noun: A word used to represent a group of people or
Example: flock, jury, choir, team etc.
4. Abstract noun: A word which names something that you cannot
see, touch, smell or taste.
Example: childhood, joy, pleasure etc.
5. Uncountable nouns: Things which cannot be counted
Example: Food, music etc.
Noun can be compounded with different parts of speech and thus called as compound noun
Noun + noun : bedroom, motor cycle, water tank
Ex: I have a red motor cycle.
Noun + verb : rain +fall, hair +cut.
Ex: There’s heavy rainfall today
Verb + noun: washing machine , swimming pool
Ex: I wash my clothes in washing machine.
Note: There are two forms N+V and V+N
Ex: Passers-by are not allowed to enter in
Adverb + noun: onlooker, bystander
Ex: He looks like and innocent
Verb + adverb= lookout, take-off, drawback
Ex: He is very lazy and that is his drawback.
Adverb+ verb: out put,
Used in the sentences as noun
Ex: Manufacturing output
was down by 1.6% last year.
Some examples with
Adj with verbs
NOTE: We have adjective + noun but not noun+ adjective.
We have adjective pairing with verb
Adjective + noun : green house, soft ware.
Ex: This software is very useful in
capturing the data.
Adjective + verb : dry cleaning, public speaking
Ex: Good communication is important for
(used as noun in the sentences)
Exercise: Choose and fill in the compound nouns
Driving license, haircut, greenhouse, washing machine, printer cartridge, swimming pool
A place where you can grow vegetables and flowers = a ____________
In your house, there is a where you can sleep ___________.
My clothes are dirty. I put them into the ___________.
Sarah went to the hairdresser. She's got a very nice __________.
I need a ___________ to use a car.
My printer doesn't work any longer. The __________ is empty.
The weather is very warm. Let's go to the ___________ !
Exercise:2:-Combine the words in the bracket to form compound nouns
The boss has bought (save/time) ___________ machine tool.
2. In winter my (face/ north) _________________
bed room is very cold.
3. The (seat/back) _______ passenger must fasten
his seat belt.
This (straw-berry/wild) __________ice-cream was a delicious desert.
The (self/employed) workers complain about paying heavy taxes.
Choose the compound nouns given below and match the pictures.