Cities in the Less Developed World. Dr. Rajiv Thakur GEO 365 SP 2010. Urban Population. In more developed regions, 952 million people, or 77% of the population (of 1.23 billion) will live in urban areas by 2015 In less developed regions,
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Dr. Rajiv Thakur
In more developed regions,
In less developed regions,
Fig. 15.1:Map of world by Pct Urban. Great variations exist among the more Urbanized countries in the developed world and the less urbanized countries in the developing world
Figure 15.2, p. 427, Kaplan et. Al. 2008
Developed country with high GDP / capita, LDCs with very low GDP / capita; Latin Amer. countries are highly urbanized, with 2/3rd popl. residing in cities, with the southern cone at 90%; Middle East ~ 85%;
In 1950, < 1 in 6 in 3rd world lived in cities, in 2000, it is 1 in 2 lives in cities.
Mega-Cities in More Developed Regions GDP per capita.
New York 19.7
Los Angeles 12.9
Mega-Cities in Less Developed Regions
Mexico City 20.6
Sao Paulo 20.0
Buenos Aires 14.6
Rio de Janeiro 12.4
Beijing 11.1Largest Cities in 2015 (in millions)[as Projected by the UN World Urbanization Prospects: 2003 Revision, p. 261]
Theories of development and underdevelopment
Contemporary Economic Landscapes GDP per capita.
Immanuel Wallerstein (1984)
Historical - Structural relationship!
Vance’s GDP per capita. Mercantile Model of Urban Developmentin ColoniesFigure 15.6Examples from IndiaMost port cities connected by railwaysIron, coal, gold, silver, Aluminum, zinc, etc. in interiors connected by railways initially. Most of today’s third world cities were established as port cities/urban centers during colonial era on roads, railways, etc that served as export/import centers to serve their colonizersMost development occurred after independence
Slum opposite of Bandra Railway Station, Mumbai, India
Slums Housing on the
approach to Delhi by train
Year City Number evicted
1976 Mumbai 70,000
2001-03 Jakarta 500,000
2005 Harare 750,000
Inner-city slums Peripheral slums
More than 50% illegal Cities
Addis Ababa 85%
Dar es Salaam 60%
30-50% of housing illegal
Mexico City 50%
Sao Paulo 32%Illegal Housing in Third World CitiesBased on Pacione, Table 25.4