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NFHS-3, 2005-06

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NFHS-3, 2005-06. Tuberculosis Tobacco and Alcohol use (life styles) In NFHS-3, information on persons in the household with TB comes from the household respondent Information on TB awareness, misconceptions, and stigma comes from the women’s and men’s questionnaires

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Presentation Transcript
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Tuberculosis

    • Tobacco and Alcohol use (life styles)
  • In NFHS-3, information on persons in the household with TB comes from the household respondent
  • Information on TB awareness, misconceptions, and stigma comes from the women’s and men’s questionnaires
  • Prevalence of TB, primarily of medically treated (which is a more reliable measure of TB in the population)

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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Per 100,000 persons

Since NFHS-2, reported TB has declined by 18%, but the level of medically treated TB has not changed

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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Per 100,000 persons

Age

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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Per 100,000 persons

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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Per 100,000 persons

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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Per 100,000 persons

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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(Percentage)

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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(Percentage)

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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(Percentage)

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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(Percentage)

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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NFHS-3 demonstrates that use of solid fuels increases the TB level; the lowest prevalence is in households using clean fuels such as gas/electricity
  • Misconceptions about TB transmission are still high, suggesting the need for awareness campaigns
  • Programmes need to address higher prevalence groups such as older persons, persons in rural areas, and persons in the east and northeastern parts of India

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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Tobacco and alcohol are important risk factors for morbidity and mortality among adults
  • Studies associate alcohol use with accidents/injuries and violence against women
  • Tobacco and alcohol use by women, especially during pregnancy, is a matter of concern since it entails serious reproductive risks

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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(Percentage)

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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Tobacco use is only 11 percent among women, but nearly 1 in 10 pregnant and breastfeeding women also use tobacco
  • Among women who smoke, over 9 in 10 smoked at least one cigarette/bidi in the past 24 hours

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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Men’s use of any tobacco increases by age (twice as high among adult men than adolescents)

Use is higher in the lowest wealth quintile (74%) and in rural areas (61%)

About 1 in 10 women use tobacco even during pregnancy and while breastfeeding

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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36% of men chew paan masala, gutkha, or other tobacco
  • 33% of men smoke cigarettes or bidis
  • Among men and women who smoke, more than 9 in 10 smoked at least one cigarette/bidi in the last 24 hours
  • Among men who smoke, 61% smoked more than 5 cigarettes/bidis in the past 24 hours

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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(Percentage)

Alcohol use by women is rare.

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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(Percentage)

NFHS-3, 2005-06

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