Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 31

Medium Machine Gun Basic Qualification and Advanced Situational Training Exercises PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 77 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

3 rd Brigade, 101 st Airborne Air Assault Division. Medium Machine Gun Basic Qualification and Advanced Situational Training Exercises MAJ BRUCE F. BEYERS 01 October 2004. “No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. He won it by making the other poor dumb bastard die

Download Presentation

Medium Machine Gun Basic Qualification and Advanced Situational Training Exercises

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

3rd Brigade, 101st Airborne

Air Assault Division

Medium Machine Gun Basic Qualification and Advanced Situational Training Exercises

MAJ BRUCE F. BEYERS

01 October 2004

“No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country.

He won it by making the other poor dumb bastard die

for his country. - General George S. Patton, Jr.”


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

GATLIN

  • Invented: 1862

  • Service Date: 1864

  • Model Number: GG

  • Description:

    • air cooled, hand-cranked, rotary fed, machinegun

  • Caliber: .50cal

  • ROF: 1,000rpm

  • Scope: late Civil-War and end of 19th Century

  • Roles:

    • Inspired perpetual motion or modern machinegun development.

  • Shortfalls:

    • bulky considered useful only against hoards of uncivilized people


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

MACHINE AGE

DAWN OF THE MACHINENGEWHER


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

MAXIM

Sir Hiram Maxim

Grandfather of the modern machinegun

  • Invented: 1884

  • Service Date: 1908

  • Model Number: MG08

  • Description:

    • water cooled, belt fed, recoil operated machinegun, fired from the closed bolt position

  • Caliber: 7.9mm x 57mm

  • ROF: 400rpm

  • Scope:Germany produced 100,000 during WWI

  • Roles:

    • Destroyed the British at the Battle of the Somme

    • Ended the 2,400 year shock effect of horse cavalry


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

THE BATTLE OF THE SOMME

1 July 1916


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

WWI CASUALTIES

  • British suffer the greatest loss of manpower in a single day: 60,000 casualties, 19,000 KIA.

    • 9 out of 10 are victim of the MG08

  • The 2,400 year old shock effect of horse cavalry was once and for all laid to rest at the Somme.

  • German’s were credited with developing a brilliant defense in depth interlaced with machinegun fire

    • “The German Defensive Role was Magnificent.” GEN(R) Dupuy

ROLLUP: KIA

Britain: 908,371

France:1,357,800

US: 50,585

Germany:1,808,546

Italy: 462,391

Russia: 1,700,000

  • BOTTOM LINE: The machinegun had utility on the Battlefield

  • German Concept. Machineguns fight as sections of at least two.

    • riflemen are arrayed to protect the machineguns; the highest casualty producing weapon.


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

FIREPOWER REPLACES MANPOWER

  • One Machinegun is the equivalent combat power of 60-80 riflemen or one whole rifle company.

  • German machineguns are organized into machinegun companies of 16ea machineguns per company as opposed to allies of 2-4 per

  • Germany continues to produce arms in secrecy, in violation of Versailles treaty

    • MG08/13 man portable, air-cooled is created

    • MG34 is produced out of Germany by sub-contract

  • German Officers are convinced that machineguns are the basis for any modern force

  • Troop strength for the first time in history becomes secondary to combined arms employment.

BLITZKRIEG IS BORN


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

D-DAY

Saving Private Ryan Clip

D-Day on the beach


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

D-DAY CONTINUED

  • Allied Casualties were 4,460 on the initial assault, relatively light

  • Hitler had been outsmarted by GEN Dwight D. Eisenhower

    • He was convinced that the attack would occur at Pas de Calais

    • The massive invasion fleet, over 4,000 ships, only served to reinforce in Hitler’s mind that the attack at Normandy was a rouse

  • Hitler rebuffed by his own miscalculation aims to make the allies pay

    • His orders are: attrit, counterattack, defeat and then execute a fighting withdrawal to alternate positions to begin the sequence again. In short make the allies pay for every inch of French soil.

    • German planners developed a superb defense in depth that utilized the massive hedgerows arrayed in a checkerboard fashion across the French farmland to greatest effect. When allied combat power was exhausted he would action his SS Panzer divisions to deliver the Hammer Blow.

    • The Allies had no concept of what lay before them. The real battle for Europe, “The Bocage” began.


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

BATTLE OF THE BOCAGE


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

THE COST OF BAPTISM BY FIRE

The Germans taught us valuable lessons about machinegun employment, defense in depth and combined arms operations in the Bocage.

THE COST WAS

The 29th IN DIV

9,980 Casualties the entire Division


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

WWII CASUALTY ROLLUP

COUNTRYTOTALKIA

  • United States 571,822 292,100

  • Britain 475,000 397,762

  • France 400,000 210,671

  • Germany 7,250,000 2,850,000

  • Italy 120,000 77,500

  • Japan 1,506,000 500,000

  • Russia 14,012,0007,500,000


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

MG34

“Einheitsmaschinengewehr”

  • Invented: 1932

  • Service Date: 1934

  • Model Number: MG34

  • Description:

    • air cooled, belt fed, gas operated, fully automatic and single shot machinegun, fired from the open bolt position

  • Caliber: 7.9mm x 57mm

  • ROF: 900rpm

  • Weight: 28lbs

  • Scope:The most elaborate machinegun ever produced. The Universal machinegun.

  • Roles:

    • Light weight, man portable machine gun employed in either the light or heavy machinegun role.

    • Used by the North Vietnamese during Vietnam war

  • Shortfall: Too long to make and a temperamental gun.


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

MG42

“Hitler’s Buzz Saw”

  • Invented: 1937

  • Service Date: 1942

  • Model Number: MG42

  • Description:

    • air cooled, belt fed, gas operated machinegun, fired from the open bolt position

  • Caliber: 7.9mm x 57mm

  • ROF: 1200-1800rpm

  • Weight: 24lbs

  • Scope:342,050 MG42s produced 1942-1944, over 400,000 by wars end.

    • 17,500 per month

  • Roles:

    • Light weight, man portable medium machine gun.

  • Pro Rata:

    • most effective weapon ever produced

    • Gruner’s roller-lock breach

    • versatile; from Africa to Russia

    • widely used today


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

M60

“The Pig”

  • Invented: 1956

  • Service Date: 1957

  • Model Number: M60

  • Description:

    • gas operated, air cooled, belt-fed, automatic machinegun fired from the open bolt position

  • Caliber: 7.62mm x 51mm

  • ROF: 550rpm

  • Weight: 23lbs

  • Scope: spanned the gap between BAR and Browning .30cal

  • Roles:

    • Light weight, man portable medium machine gun.

  • Shortfalls:

    • regression from roller lock

    • bolt executes 90’ right hand turn to completely lock into chamber

    • reduced rate of fire

    • temperamental needed CLP


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

M240C

Fabrique National Herstal (FNH)

Coaxial

  • Invented: 1984

  • Service Date: 1987

  • Model Number: M240C

  • Description:

    • belt fed, air-cooled, gas operated, fully automatic machinegun that fires from the open bolt position

  • Caliber: 7.62mm x 51mm

  • ROF: 750-950rpm

  • Weight: 22.2lbs

  • Scope:Coaxial machinegun for both the M2 BFV ands M3 CFV.

  • Roles:

    • coaxial to larger caliber systems.

  • Pro Rata:

    • right hand belt feed

    • reliable and versatile

    • Inspired ground mounted versions to replace antiquated M60 MMG.


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

M240G

Ground

  • Invented: 1989

  • Service Date: 1990

  • Model Number: M240G

  • Description:

    • belt fed, air-cooled, gas operated, fully automatic machinegun that fires from the open bolt position

  • Caliber: 7.62mm x 51mm

  • ROF: 750-950rpm

  • Weight: 25.6lbs

  • Scope:Standard Ranger Regiment MMG. 3ea PLT, 11ea Company, 39ea BN.

  • Roles:

    • ground employed point and area suppression.

    • RSOV mounted immediate suppression weapon

    • MOUT precision burst weapon

  • Pro Rata:

    • reliable and versatile

    • Inspired adoption by the Big Army.


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

M240B

Bipod

  • Invented: 1994

  • Service Date: 1996

  • Model Number: M240B

  • Description:

    • belt fed, air-cooled, gas operated, fully automatic machinegun that fires from the open bolt position

  • Caliber: 7.62mm x 51mm

  • ROF: 650-950rpm

  • Weight: 27.6lbs

  • Scope:US Army standard MMG.

  • Roles:

    • ground employed point and area suppression.

    • vehicle mounted immediate suppression weapon

  • Pro Rata:

    • reliable and versatile

    • hydraulic butt stock facilitates BOT throughout the firing cycle


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

M240D

Door

  • Invented: 1984

  • Service Date: 1987

  • Model Number: M240D

  • Description:

    • belt fed, air-cooled, gas operated, fully automatic machinegun that fires from the open bolt position

  • Caliber: 7.62mm x 51mm

  • ROF: 750-950rpm

  • Weight: 25.7lbs

  • Scope:standard door gunner system.

  • Roles:

    • RW/AC mounted system.

  • Pro Rata:

    • interchangeable feed right or left

    • reliable and versatile

    • dual handled dove tailed trigger depress


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

AMMO

7.62mm x 51mm NATO

M80 Ball M61 AP M62 Tracer M82 BLK M118 LR M276 Dim

Bullet Weight: 147 143 145 NA 173 145

Muzzle Velocity: 2,750fts 2,723fts 2,680fts NA 2,580fts 2,750fts

Role: personnel armor observation training precision Infra-Red


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

WORLDS BEST MMG GUNNERS

  • Daily sustainment Training:

    • Range Card, Crew Drill, etc

  • Quarterly Collective LFX

  • Annual Gunner’s Competition

  • Three-man crew

  • Evolutionary capabilities: $$$

    • M936, indirect fire kits, etc

  • BRITISH: Excellent Crew Drill training and employment training

    • Extremely limited in CLS V unable to Live Fire validate training

  • GERMANY: Good weapon MG3 but, the military is not the priority

  • FRANCE: Indifferent to machinegun training or military in general


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

PRELIMINARY GUNNERY (5 days)

WEEK 1

04-07 October 2004

  • Characteristics and Capabilities

  • Weapon Ballistics

  • Perform Immediate Action (POPP)

  • Alternate Firing Techniques

  • Conduct Boresight zero of both M240B barrels (ironsights) using the LBS

  • Conduct Boresight zero of the M145 MGO using the LBS

  • Conduct Boresight Zero of the AN/PEQ-2A using the LBS

  • Crew Drill

  • T&E manipulation utilizing the worm board

  • Range Card

  • Gunner’s Examination


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

BASIC GUNNERY (3 days)

WEEK 2

12-14 October 2004

  • Zero Primary Barrel Primary Gunner

  • Zero Spare Barrel Primary Gunner

  • Zero M145 MGO Primary Gunner

  • Basic 10M Qualification (Iron) Primary Gunner Table I

  • Basic 10M Qualification (M145) Primary GunnerTable I

  • Basic 10M Qualification (Iron) Assistant Gunner Table I

  • Basic 10M Qualification (M145) Assistant GunnerTable I

  • Transition Qualification (Iron) Primary Gunner Table II

  • Transition Qualification (M145) Primary GunnerTable II

  • Transition Qualification (Iron) Assistant Gunner Table II

  • Transition Qualification (M145) Assistant Gunner Table II

  • Night Transition Qualification (PEQ-2A) ALLTable III


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

ADVANCED MMG STX TNG (4 days)

WEEK 3

15-18 October 2004

  • Fire and Adjust Exercise

  • Crew Drill LFX

  • Crew Stress Fire LFX

  • Section Support by Fire LFX

  • Section Assault Course LFX

  • Gunners Examination #2


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

COMPONENT OF END ITEMS AND BII

ITEMQTYREMARKS

M240B1ea End Item

Primary barrel1ea

Number 1 blade1ea

Number 2 blade1eaadditional authorized item unit purchase

Spare barrel1ea

Number 1 blade1eaadditional authorized item unit purchase

Number 2 blade1ea

Ammunition adapter1ea

Rod, cleaning sectional5ea

Rod, eyelet swabbing1ea

Reamer, large1ea

Reamer, small1ea

Combination tool1ea

Scraper tool1ea

Sight adjustment tool1eaadditional authorized item unit purchase

Spare barrel bag1ea

M122 Tripod1ea

T&E1ea

Pintle w/brass deflector1ea

AN/PEQ-2A1ea

.050mm Allen head1ea

M145 MGO1ea


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

MAINTENANCE TOOLS

Combination Scraper Extractor Tool

Reamer, Large and Small

Ammunition Adapter

Scraper Tool


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

UNIFORM

  • TYPEQTYISSUE____________

  • BDUs (T-shirt, belt, socks, boots) 2set (top and bottom)

  • KPOT 1each

  • LBV 1 complete

  • Black gloves w/inserts 1pair

  • Rucksack w/seasonal packing list 1each

  • NOD/NVG (AN/PVS-7A/B/D) or PVS 14 1each

  • Motorola and or AN/PRC-128 1per crew

  • Weapon (M240B, M4) 1per crew

  • M122 w/pintle/T&E/AG gear 1per crew

    • sight adjustment tool 1per crew

    • reamer, large and small 1per crew

    • spare barrel 1per crew

    • scraper tool 1per crew

    • combination tool 1per crew

  • M24/M22 Binoculars 1per crew

  • M49/M50 Spotter Scope 1per crew

  • AN/GVS-5 LSR RNG Finder 1per crew

  • M145 MGO 1per crew

  • AN/PEQ-2A 1per crew


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

Daily CTT:

Range Card,

Assembly/Disassembly,

Immediate Action: POPP,

functions check,

gunner’s examinations, etc.

Weekly Crew Drill Training and T&E manipulation drills

Monthly BFX

Quarterly Collective Training and LFXs

Bi-Annual Qualification

Annual battalion MMG competitions

SUSTAINMENT TNG


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

FM 3.22-68JAN 03

FM 3.22-9OCT 03

FM 23-10AUG 94

STP 21-1-SMCT

Call Handbook No 03-22SEP 03

“German Machineguns;” Daniel D. Musgrave and Smith H. Oliver, Creative Printing, 1971.

“The First world War;” John Keegan, Random House, 1998.

“The Encyclopedia of Military History From 5,000BC to Present;” Generals (R) Ernest and Trevor Dupuy, 1993

REFERENCES


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

Dr. Martin L. Flacker, M.D., F.A.C.S. Ballistics

wound ballistics consultant, FSU

Mr. Ron Ives, Alliant Techsystems Corp. Bullets [email protected]

CREDITS


Medium machine gun basic qualification and advanced situational training exercises

QUESTIONS


  • Login