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Seizure Disorders. Stephanie Celis. Definition:. Seizure - a temporary interruption of consciousness sometimes accompanied by convulsive movements. The term “seizure disorder” describes a many symptoms, instead of one particular disease. Seizure Activity May Arise From…. Head Injuries

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Seizure disorders

Seizure Disorders

Stephanie Celis


Definition
Definition:

  • Seizure- a temporary interruption of consciousness sometimes accompanied by convulsive movements.

  • The term “seizure disorder” describes a many symptoms, instead of one particular disease.


Seizure activity may arise from
Seizure Activity May Arise From…

  • Head Injuries

  • Lead, Mercury, and Carbon monoxide poisoning

  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

  • Drug reactions

  • High fevers

  • Brain damage

  • Infections affecting the central nervous system

  • Tumors


Other contributing factors
Other Contributing Factors:

  • Heredity

  • Children who have certain disabilities and syndromes are more at risk

  • Specific cause is often difficult to determine


Types of seizures
Types of Seizures:

  • Febrile

  • Petit Mal

  • Grand Mal

  • Focal

  • Temporal Lobe


Febrile seizures
Febrile Seizures:

  • Triggered by high fever

  • May cause loss of consciousness/involuntary jerking movements

  • Affects 5-10% of infants and children under 3 years of age.

  • Majority of these occur in infants between 6-12 months.


Petit mal
Petit Mal:

  • Generally occur in children 4-10 years of age

  • Loss of consciousness lasts 10-30 seconds

Characterized by:

  • Repeated incidences of daydreaming

  • Staring off into space

  • A blank appearance

  • Brief fluttering of the eyes

  • Temporary interruption of speech or activity

  • Twitching or dropping of objects


Grand mal
Grand Mal:

  • Most common form of seizure disorder

  • Usually warning before seizure begins

    -sound, smell, taste, sensation, or visual cue

  • Tonic Phase- sudden rigidity or stiffness

  • Clonic Phase- loss of consciousness and uncontrollable muscular contractions

  • When seizure ends, child may awaken briefly and complain of headache or dizziness before falling asleep.


Focal seizures
Focal Seizures:

  • Characterized by involuntary convulsive movements

  • Begin at tip of an extremity and spread toward the body trunk

  • Child does not always lose consciousness


Temporal lobe
Temporal Lobe:

  • Child does not usually lose complete consciousness

  • May appear drowsy or momentarily confused afterward

  • Distinguished by spontaneous episodes of unusual behavior

    -burst out in hysterical laughter

    -utter unintelligible sounds

    -run around in circles

    -cry out for no reason


Management
Management:

  • Most seizures can be controlled with medication.

    -May have undesirable side effects like drowsiness, nausea, and dizziness

  • Children should be monitored closely by their physician.


Management in schools
Management in Schools:

  • Families should be notified when a child has a seizure.

  • Teachers should also complete a brief, but detailed written report documenting observations after seizure.

  • Teachers can help young children learn to accept and cope with their seizure disorder.


Works cited
Works Cited

  • Marotz, Lynn R. “Seizure Disorders.” Health, Safety, and Nutrition for the Young Child. Pgs.116-119

  • “Seizure Disorders.” The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec06/ch085/ch085a.html

  • “Seizures.” Neurology Channel. http://www.neurologychannel.com/seizures/index.shtml


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