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Seizure Disorders. Stephanie Celis. Definition:. Seizure - a temporary interruption of consciousness sometimes accompanied by convulsive movements. The term “seizure disorder” describes a many symptoms, instead of one particular disease. Seizure Activity May Arise From…. Head Injuries

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seizure disorders

Seizure Disorders

Stephanie Celis

definition
Definition:
  • Seizure- a temporary interruption of consciousness sometimes accompanied by convulsive movements.
  • The term “seizure disorder” describes a many symptoms, instead of one particular disease.
seizure activity may arise from
Seizure Activity May Arise From…
  • Head Injuries
  • Lead, Mercury, and Carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • Drug reactions
  • High fevers
  • Brain damage
  • Infections affecting the central nervous system
  • Tumors
other contributing factors
Other Contributing Factors:
  • Heredity
  • Children who have certain disabilities and syndromes are more at risk
  • Specific cause is often difficult to determine
types of seizures
Types of Seizures:
  • Febrile
  • Petit Mal
  • Grand Mal
  • Focal
  • Temporal Lobe
febrile seizures
Febrile Seizures:
  • Triggered by high fever
  • May cause loss of consciousness/involuntary jerking movements
  • Affects 5-10% of infants and children under 3 years of age.
  • Majority of these occur in infants between 6-12 months.
petit mal
Petit Mal:
  • Generally occur in children 4-10 years of age
  • Loss of consciousness lasts 10-30 seconds

Characterized by:

  • Repeated incidences of daydreaming
  • Staring off into space
  • A blank appearance
  • Brief fluttering of the eyes
  • Temporary interruption of speech or activity
  • Twitching or dropping of objects
grand mal
Grand Mal:
  • Most common form of seizure disorder
  • Usually warning before seizure begins

-sound, smell, taste, sensation, or visual cue

  • Tonic Phase- sudden rigidity or stiffness
  • Clonic Phase- loss of consciousness and uncontrollable muscular contractions
  • When seizure ends, child may awaken briefly and complain of headache or dizziness before falling asleep.
focal seizures
Focal Seizures:
  • Characterized by involuntary convulsive movements
  • Begin at tip of an extremity and spread toward the body trunk
  • Child does not always lose consciousness
temporal lobe
Temporal Lobe:
  • Child does not usually lose complete consciousness
  • May appear drowsy or momentarily confused afterward
  • Distinguished by spontaneous episodes of unusual behavior

-burst out in hysterical laughter

-utter unintelligible sounds

-run around in circles

-cry out for no reason

management
Management:
  • Most seizures can be controlled with medication.

-May have undesirable side effects like drowsiness, nausea, and dizziness

  • Children should be monitored closely by their physician.
management in schools
Management in Schools:
  • Families should be notified when a child has a seizure.
  • Teachers should also complete a brief, but detailed written report documenting observations after seizure.
  • Teachers can help young children learn to accept and cope with their seizure disorder.
works cited
Works Cited
  • Marotz, Lynn R. “Seizure Disorders.” Health, Safety, and Nutrition for the Young Child. Pgs.116-119
  • “Seizure Disorders.” The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec06/ch085/ch085a.html
  • “Seizures.” Neurology Channel. http://www.neurologychannel.com/seizures/index.shtml
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