language in text reading comprehension
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Language in Text & Reading Comprehension

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Language in Text & Reading Comprehension - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 121 Views
  • Uploaded on

Language in Text & Reading Comprehension. Synonymy. Synonymy is identity of meaning. But, these are not synonyms. happily. glad. cheerfulness. sadness. unhappily. sorrowful. These, however, are synonyms:. happy : glad : cheerful. happiness : gladness : cheerfulness.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Language in Text & Reading Comprehension' - lydia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide3

But, these are not synonyms.

happily

glad

cheerfulness

sadness

unhappily

sorrowful

these however are synonyms
These, however, are synonyms:

happy : glad : cheerful

happiness : gladness : cheerfulness

happily: gladly: cherfully

unhappy : sad: sorrowful

unhappiness : sadness : sorrowfulness

unhappily : sadly : sorrowfully

1 absolute synonymy
1. Absolute Synonymy
  • The lexemes should have “the same distribution” and should be “completely synonymous in all their meanings and contexts of occurrence.”(Lyons 148)
  • Absolutely synonymous lexemes are nearly non-existant.
  • This type is “restricted to highly specialized vocabulary” such as medicine or biology. (ibid.)(example 1)
example 1
Example 1

caecitis = typhlitis

inflammation of the blind gut

what about the following pairs
What about the following pairs?

1. radio / wireless

2. aerodrome / airfield

Are they absolutely synonymous?

2 complete synonymy
2. Complete Synonymy
  • The synonyms should have “the same descriptive, expressive and social meaning.”(ibid.)
  • Completely synonymous lexemes are rare.

Example 2:

nearly : almost

what about the following
What about the following?

1. broad / wide

2. lavatory / toilet / loo / WC

Are they completely synonymous?

3 descriptive synonymy
3. Descriptive Synonymy
  • It is referred to as cognitive synonymy or referential synonymy.
  • It stands for lexemes that have approximately the same meaning.

Example 3:

father / dad / daddy / pop

conclusion
Conclusion

1. Synonymy = descriptive synonymy

= referential synonymy

= cognitive synonymy

2. Complete synonymy: rare

3. Absolute synonymy: almost non-existant

works consulted
Works Consulted
  • Leech, Geoffrey. Semantics: The Study of Meaning. London: Penguin Books, 1981.
  • Lyons, John. Language and Linguistics: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press, 1992.
ad