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Городской семинар по английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение» (Из опыта работы учителя английского языка высшей категории, отличника народного образования Т. Д. Чигриневой ) 23 октября 2013 года Гимназия №39 «Классическая». Writing an opinion essay. 5 Paragraphs.

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Городской семинар по английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»

(Из опыта работы учителя английского языка высшей категории, отличника народного образования Т. Д. Чигриневой)

23 октября 2013 года

Гимназия №39 «Классическая»


Writing an opinion essay

Writing an opinion essay английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»

5 Paragraphs


Writing an opinion essay1
Writing an opinion essay английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»

  • I paragraph Make an introduction/state the problem.

  • II paragraph - Express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for it.

  • III paragraph - Express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion.

  • IV paragraph - Explain why you disagree with the opposing opinion.

  • V paragraph - Make a conclusion relating to your opinion.


I paragraph make an introduction state the problem
I paragraph английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»- Make an introduction/state the problem.

  • Since time immemorial.../For centuries...people have been arguing.../thinking about.../struggling for... /

  • For years the problem of ... has been one of the most serious.

  • It has been widely discussed in recent years whether... or not.

  • People have always wanted...

  • Today we still... (This problem) is/are getting more and more...

  • Some people believe/argue/claim... that ..., while others think/believe/argue...

  • How does ... influence ...?


Ii paragraph express your personal opinion and give 2 3 reasons for it
II paragraph английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»- Express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for it.

To state your opinion:

  • I (strongly) believe .../ In my opinion.../ From my point of view...

    To list points:

  • First of all.../ Firstly.../Secondly.../Finally...

    To give reasons:

  • ...because.../...because of.../...since.../...as.../...due to the fact that...

    To say about the result:

  • ...as a result.../...consequently...

    To introduce example:

  • For example.../For instance.../...such as...


Iii paragraph express an opposing opinion and give 1 2 reasons for this opposing opinion
III paragraph английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»- Express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion.

To introduce the opposite opinion:

  • However, some people argue...

  • On the other hand, many people believe that ... They argue that ... because...

  • On the other hand, many people are convinced that...They claim that... because...


Iv paragraph explain why you disagree with the opposing opinion
IV paragraph английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»- Explain why you disagree with the opposing opinion.

To disagree:

  • I strongly disagree with this view, because ... (give a counter-argument)


V paragraph make a conclusion relating to your opinion
V paragraph английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»- Make a conclusion relating to your opinion.

  • In conclusion.../To sum up...

  • Despite other people's opinion, I still believe/argue... that ...


Only английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»

a lot of money

are

people who earn

. Do you agree?

successful


I paragraph make an introduction state the problem1
I paragraph английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»- Make an introduction/state the problem.

People have always wanted to earn as much money as possible. It has been widely discussed inrecent years whether a great amount of money can make a person successful in life. Some people claim that wealthy and luxurious life may be a good foundation for being a success, while others hold a different point of view.

  • Since time immemorial.../For centuries...people have been arguing.../thinking about.../struggling for... /

  • For years the problem of ... has been one of the most serious.

  • It has been widely discussed in recent years whether... or not.

  • People have always wanted...

  • Today we still... (This problem) is/are getting more and more...

  • Some people believe/argue/claim... that ..., while others think/believe/argue...

  • How does ... influence ...?


Arguments
Arguments английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»

I’m against

  • may have problems with your family

  • money can spoil people

  • lose their true friends and to attract jealous people

  • suffer from nervous breakdowns and feel lonely.

  • there are more essential values

I’m for

  • money gives independence

  • enjoy all pleasures of life

  • possess power


Ii paragraph express your personal opinion and give 2 3 reasons for it1
II paragraph английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»- Express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for it.

To state your opinion:

  • I (strongly) believe .../ In my opinion.../ From my point of view...

    To list points:

  • First of all.../ Firstly.../Secondly.../Finally...

    To give reasons:

  • ...because.../...because of.../...since.../...as.../...due to the fact that...

    To say about the result:

  • ...as a result.../...consequently...

    To introduce example:

  • For example.../For instance.../...such as...

In my opinion, being rich doesn’t necessarily mean that you are successful. For example, if your main goal in life is making a fortune and all your thoughts are concentrated on this, you may have problems with your family as you don’t have the time for your close people. Moreover, money can spoil people because the rich become greedy, arrogant, treat other people as their inferiors. As a result, they are likely to lose their true friends and to attract jealous people and have a lot of enemies. Last but not least, they can suffer from nervous breakdowns and feel lonely.


Iii paragraph express an opposing opinion and give 1 2 reasons for this opposing opinion1
III paragraph английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»- Express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion.

On the other hand, many people are convinced that millionaires enjoy all the pleasures of life buying luxury things, travelling around the globe, besides, they possess power and often appear on TV screens, consequently, they are happy and feel their importance in their country.

To introduce the opposite opinion:

  • However, some people argue...

  • On the other hand, many people believe that ... They argue that ... because...

  • On the other hand, many people are convinced that...They claim that... because...


Iv paragraph explain why you disagree with the opposing opinion1
IV paragraph английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»- Explain why you disagree with the opposing opinion.

I strongly disagree with this view. I suppose that the people who consider money to be the only way of being successful are wrong. I know a lot of people in Russia and in my town, as well, who can call themselves successful although, they never had much money but they got recognition for their contribution in different fields; medicine, education, science, politics.

To disagree:

  • I strongly disagree with this view, because ... (give a counter-argument)


V paragraph make a conclusion relating to your opinion1
V paragraph английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»- Make a conclusion relating to your opinion.

Despite other people’s opinion, I still believe money has nothing to do with success. From mypoint of view, it is more important to be respected by the people from your community, have positive thinking and desire to help those people who are in need.

  • In conclusion.../To sum up...

  • Despite other people's opinion, I still believe/argue... that ...


Only people who earn a lot of money are successful do you agree
Only английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение» people who earn a lot of money are successful. Do you agree?

People have always wanted to earn as much money as possible. It has been widely discussed inrecent years whether a great amount of money can make a person successful in life. Some people claim that wealthy and luxurious life may be a good foundation for being a success, while others hold a different point of view.

In my opinion, being rich doesn’t necessarily mean that you are successful. For example, if your main goal in life is making a fortune and all your thoughts are concentrated on this, you may have problems with your family as you don’t have the time for your close people. Moreover, money can spoil people because the rich become greedy, arrogant, treat other people as their inferiors. As a result, they are likely to lose their true friends and to attract jealous people and have a lot of enemies. Last but not least, they can suffer from nervous breakdowns and feel lonely. . . .

On the other hand, many people are convinced that millionaires enjoy all the pleasures of life buying luxury things, travelling around the globe, besides, they possess power and often appear on TV screens, consequently, they are happy and feel their importance in their country.

I strongly disagree with this view. I suppose that the people who consider money to be the only way of being successful are wrong. I know a lot of people in Russia and in my town, as well, who can call themselves successful although, they never had much money but they got recognition for their contribution in different fields; medicine, education, science, politics.

Despite other people’s opinion, I still believe money has nothing to do with success. From mypoint of view, it is more important to be respected by the people from your community, have positive thinking and desire to help those in need.


2 opinion essay
Критерии оценивания английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»задания С2 Opinion Essay

1. Содержание – 3 балла

  • Вступление – постановка проблемы

  • Мнение автора с 2-3 аргументами

  • Противоположная точка зрения с 1-2 аргументами

  • Объяснение, почему автор не согласен с противоположной точкой зрения (контраргументы)

  • Заключение с подтверждением позиции автора

  • Стилевое оформление выбрано правильно: соблюдается нейтральный стиль


2 opinion essay1
Критерии оценивания английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»задания С2 Opinion Essay

2. Организация – 3 балла

  • Логичность

  • Деление на абзацы

  • Использование средств логической связи


2 opinion essay2
Критерии оценивания английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»задания С2 Opinion Essay

3. Лексика – 3 балла

  • Запас слов и разнообразие используемой лексики (синонимы, антонимы, фразеологизмы ) и их соответствие высокому уровню (В2 по общеевропейской шкале).

  • Точность в выборе слов и выражений и их соответствие теме и ситуации общении; правильность их употребления в контексте

  • Правильность формирования лексических словосочетаний


2 opinion essay3
Критерии оценивания английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»задания С2 Opinion Essay

4. Грамматика – 3 балла

  • Разнообразие и корректность используемых грамматических средств;

  • Сложность используемых конструкций (пассивный залог, модальные глаголы, причастия, инфинитив, перфектные формы)


2 opinion essay4
Критерии оценивания английскому языку «Методика подготовки к ЕГЭ. Раздел Сочинение»задания С2 Opinion Essay

5. Орфография и пунктуация – 2 балла

*Only people who earn a lot of money are successful. Do you agree?


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