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What is the OAG?. A directory of North American and world airline flights and fares An airline flight reservation system A system for assignment of pro-numbers A system for assignment of transportation commodity codes. What is the OAG?.

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What is the OAG?

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What is the oag

What is the OAG?

  • A directory of North American and world airline flights and fares

  • An airline flight reservation system

  • A system for assignment of pro-numbers

  • A system for assignment of transportation commodity codes


What is the oag1

What is the OAG?

  • A directory of North American and world airline flights and fares


Airlines estimate that travel agents are responsible for up to what percent of their sales tickets

Airlines estimate that travel agents are responsible for up to what percent of their sales tickets?

  • 25

  • 75

  • 50

  • 90


Airlines estimate that travel agents are responsible for up to what percent of their sales tickets1

Airlines estimate that travel agents are responsible for up to what percent of their sales tickets?

  • 90


Rail computer systems identify cars for reconsignment and diversions what are these cars called

Rail computer systems identify cars for reconsignment and diversions. What are these cars called?

  • Rollers

  • Passers

  • Progressors

  • Tracers


Rail computer systems identify cars for reconsignment and diversions what are these cars called1

Rail computer systems identify cars for reconsignment and diversions. What are these cars called?

  • Rollers


What is a pro number

What is a pro-number?

  • The carrier name identification

  • A commodity code

  • A location code

  • A shipment identification numbers

  • The electronic transfer of funds


What is a pro number1

What is a pro-number?

  • A shipment identification numbers


Sabre pars and datas ii are airline systems designed for

SABRE, PARS, and DATAS II are airline systems designed for?

  • Back haul movements

  • Reservations and bookings

  • Electronic funds transfer

  • Car passing


Sabre pars and datas ii are airline systems designed for1

SABRE, PARS, and DATAS II are airline systems designed for?

  • Reservations and bookings


What type of motor carrier information system is used by carriers to relieve empty back hauls

What type of motor carrier information system is used by carriers to relieve empty back hauls?

  • Reservations

  • Tracing

  • Car passing

  • Rate basing


What type of motor carrier information system is used by carriers to relieve empty back hauls1

What type of motor carrier information system is used by carriers to relieve empty back hauls?

  • Reservations


Which type of computer system is used to computerize and transmit basic shipment documents

Which type of computer system is used to computerize and transmit basic shipment documents?

  • STCC

  • EFT

  • EDI

  • OAG


Which type of computer system is used to computerize and transmit basic shipment documents1

Which type of computer system is used to computerize and transmit basic shipment documents?

  • EDI


What is the oag

What information was generated when rail yard and junction personnel noted the car initials and numbers of each car moving through their yard or junction point?

  • Car rolling

  • Mainstreaming

  • Point basing

  • Car passing


What is the oag

What information was generated when rail yard and junction personnel noted the car initials and numbers of each car moving through their yard or junction point?

  • Car passing


What is the process of rate retrieval and comparison with freight bill charges called

What is the process of rate retrieval and comparison with freight bill charges called?

  • Pre-comparison

  • Pre-audit

  • Pre-parity

  • Pre-posting


What is the process of rate retrieval and comparison with freight bill charges called1

What is the process of rate retrieval and comparison with freight bill charges called?

  • Pre-audit


Which of the following facilitates the collection of freight bills

Which of the following facilitates the collection of freight bills?

  • EFT

  • OAG

  • STCC

  • TOEF


Which of the following facilitates the collection of freight bills1

Which of the following facilitates the collection of freight bills?

  • EFT


Which computer system processes sorts and reports information about competitors

Which computer system processes, sorts, and reports information about competitors?

  • Telemarketing

  • Teleintelligence

  • Competitor tracing

  • Market intelligence


Which computer system processes sorts and reports information about competitors1

Which computer system processes, sorts, and reports information about competitors?

  • Market intelligence


What is the oag

Computer applications for motor carrier shipment control typically require the entry of which data input in order to trace the shipment?

  • Standard commodity codes

  • Rate basis position

  • Pro-number

  • Power distribution codes


What is the oag

Computer applications for motor carrier shipment control typically require the entry of which data input in order to trace the shipment?

  • Pro-number


What is the oag

What is the carrier function called that keeps track of carrier power unit movements and operating crews?

  • Power distribution

  • Tractor management

  • Fleet management

  • Scheduling analysis


What is the oag

What is the carrier function called that keeps track of carrier power unit movements and operating crews?

  • Power distribution


What is the oag

Which of the following would be considered the most expensive single transportation resource for a carrier?

  • Separate cargo-carrying devices

  • Containers

  • Power units

  • Vehicle operators


What is the oag

Which of the following would be considered the most expensive single transportation resource for a carrier?

  • Power units


Computer based maintenance systems are used to do which of the following

Computer based maintenance systems are used to do which of the following?

  • Robotic depot level maintenance tasks

  • Robotic local level maintenance tasks

  • Transmit electronic instructions

  • Keep equipment maintenance records


Computer based maintenance systems are used to do which of the following1

Computer based maintenance systems are used to do which of the following?

  • Keep equipment maintenance records


What is the oag

What is the system called where shippers and receivers identify and measure critical quality attributes of service, and communicate them to carriers?

  • Quality insurance reporting

  • Performance measurement feedback

  • Attribute measurement reporting

  • Quality process feedback


What is the oag

What is the system called where shippers and receivers identify and measure critical quality attributes of service, and communicate them to carriers?

  • Performance measurement feedback


Quality attributes of carrier service include all of the following except

Quality attributes of carrier service include all of the following except?

  • Modal selection

  • Transit time reliability

  • Accuracy of shipment billing

  • Loss and damage experience


Quality attributes of carrier service include all of the following except1

Quality attributes of carrier service include all of the following except?

  • Modal selection


What is the oag

The power of the ICC, prior to 1980, to establish minimum rates was essentially to protect which of the following?

  • Carriers

  • Shippers

  • The federal government

  • The state governments

  • International transportation


What is the oag

The power of the ICC, prior to 1980, to establish minimum rates was essentially to protect which of the following?

  • Carriers


What was the purpose of the rule of rate making in the transportation act of 1920

What was the purpose of the rule of rate making in the Transportation Act of 1920?

  • To establish upper limits on motor carrier rates

  • To eliminate discrimination

  • To establish set criteria for water carrier rate making

  • To allow the railroads a fair return on their investment


What was the purpose of the rule of rate making in the transportation act of 19201

What was the purpose of the rule of rate making in the Transportation Act of 1920?

  • To allow the railroads a fair return on their investment


What is the oag

Which of the following best describes the atmosphere of the federal control of transportation from 1887 to 1920?

  • Positive; developing a strong transportation system

  • Restrictive; controlling the railroad monopoly

  • Adequate; helping shippers and carriers equally

  • Ambivalent; aiding neither shippers or carriers


What is the oag

Which of the following best describes the atmosphere of the federal control of transportation from 1887 to 1920?

  • Restrictive; controlling the railroad monopoly


Entry regulations are established in transportation to control which of the following

Entry regulations are established in transportation to control which of the following?

  • Excessive rates

  • Excessive competition

  • Monopolistic abuses

  • The recapture of excess profits


Entry regulations are established in transportation to control which of the following1

Entry regulations are established in transportation to control which of the following?

  • Excessive competition


What is the oag

The Transportation Act of 1920 provided that in the event a railroad made more than the prescribed return on investment, one-half of the excess was to be paid off to the ICC. What was this provision called?

  • The recapture clause

  • The refund clause

  • The rule of rate making

  • The contingency clause


What is the oag

The Transportation Act of 1920 provided that in the event a railroad made more than the prescribed return on investment, one-half of the excess was to be paid off to the ICC. What was this provision called?

  • The recapture clause


What did the 3r act establish

What did the 3R Act establish?

  • Amtrak

  • Conrail

  • Government control over Amtrak

  • Federal regulation of the pipeline


What did the 3r act establish1

What did the 3R Act establish?

  • Conrail


Why is the motor carrier act of 1935 considered to begin the era of intermodal regulation

Why is the Motor Carrier Act of 1935 considered to begin the era of intermodal regulation?

  • Because for the first time a concern for intramodal control was recognized

  • Because the federal government recognized that new modes of transportation would have to be created for national defense

  • Because this was the first major step toward regulating transportation at the federal level on an intermodal basis

  • Because the need was recognized to establish a common rule of rate making


Why is the motor carrier act of 1935 considered to begin the era of intermodal regulation1

Why is the Motor Carrier Act of 1935 considered to begin the era of intermodal regulation?

  • Because this was the first major step toward regulating transportation at the federal level on an intermodal basis


Which of the following created the interstate commerce commission

Which of the following created the Interstate Commerce Commission?

  • The Commission Organization Act

  • The Act to Regulate Commerce

  • The Granger Law

  • The Transportation Act of 1920


Which of the following created the interstate commerce commission1

Which of the following created the Interstate Commerce Commission?

  • The Act to Regulate Commerce


What is the oag

Which of the following generally applies regarding the number of carriers serving a route under the dormant route provision of the Airline Deregulation Act?

  • Decreased

  • Remained the same

  • Increased

  • Decreased at an increasing rate


What is the oag

Which of the following generally applies regarding the number of carriers serving a route under the dormant route provision of the Airline Deregulation Act?

  • Increased


What is the oag

Which of the following is correct regarding the zone of reasonableness established for air carriers using the standard industry level as a basis?

  • Above 5-10 percent, below 50 percent

  • Above 15-20 percent, below 50 percent

  • Above 50 percent, below 5-10 percent

  • Above 50 percent, below 15-20 percent


What is the oag

Which of the following is correct regarding the zone of reasonableness established for air carriers using the standard industry level as a basis?

  • Above 5-10 percent, below 50 percent


What is the oag

The motor carriers zone of rate flexibility allows the carrier to increase or decrease rates by which percent without ICC approval?

  • 5

  • 7

  • 9

  • 10


What is the oag

The motor carriers zone of rate flexibility allows the carrier to increase or decrease rates by which percent without ICC approval?

  • 10


Which agency administers the federal economic regulation of contract motor carriers

Which agency administers the federal economic regulation of contract motor carriers?

  • Public Contract Commission

  • Contract Commerce Commission

  • Federal Interstate Commission

  • Interstate Commerce Commission


Which agency administers the federal economic regulation of contract motor carriers1

Which agency administers the federal economic regulation of contract motor carriers?

  • Interstate Commerce Commission


The motor carrier act of 1980 established which of the following regarding rate bureaus

The Motor Carrier Act of 1980 established which of the following regarding rate bureaus?

  • After 1984, discussion and voting on single-line issues was permitted

  • The rate bureau cannot interfere with the independent actions of a carrier

  • Rate bureaus cannot divulge the names of rule or rate proponents , even if requested to do so

  • An antitrust exemption for rate bureau rate making


The motor carrier act of 1980 established which of the following regarding rate bureaus1

The Motor Carrier Act of 1980 established which of the following regarding rate bureaus?

  • The rate bureau cannot interfere with the independent actions of a carrier


What is the oag

Which rate making provision of the Staggers Rail Act provides the greatest potential for large volume shippers?

  • Contract rates

  • Released value rates

  • Exception tapers

  • Commodity column discounts


What is the oag

Which rate making provision of the Staggers Rail Act provides the greatest potential for large volume shippers?

  • Contract rates


What is the role of the rate bureau under the staggers rail act

What is the role of the rate bureau under the Staggers Rail Act?

  • Providing cost breakdowns to individual carriers

  • Being a forum for single-line rate discussions

  • Being a tariff publisher

  • Preparing rate protests for non-members to the ICC


What is the role of the rate bureau under the staggers rail act1

What is the role of the rate bureau under the Staggers Rail Act?

  • Being a tariff publisher


What is the oag

Under the Staggers Rail Act, rail rates are considered to be reasonable if they contribute to the going concern value of the carrier. This is a rate that equals or exceeds which of the following?

  • Common costs

  • Fixed costs

  • Fully allocated costs

  • Variable costs


What is the oag

Under the Staggers Rail Act, rail rates are considered to be reasonable if they contribute to the going concern value of the carrier. This is a rate that equals or exceeds which of the following?

  • Variable costs


What is the oag

Deregulation of the rail and motor carriers has made collective rate making by carriers subject to which of the following?

  • Rate bureau actions

  • Price discrimination

  • Monopolies

  • Antitrust laws


What is the oag

Deregulation of the rail and motor carriers has made collective rate making by carriers subject to which of the following?

  • Antitrust laws


What is the oag

As a result of deregulation, carriers under the control of the ICC are subject to which of the following?

  • Antitrust laws

  • Answering to the ICC for safety matters

  • Collective rate making

  • Small market zones


What is the oag

As a result of deregulation, carriers under the control of the ICC are subject to which of the following?

  • Antitrust laws


The deregulation of the rail and motor carriers brought an end to which of the following

The deregulation of the rail and motor carriers brought an end to which of the following?

  • Rate making

  • Collective rate making

  • Mergers

  • Market entry


The deregulation of the rail and motor carriers brought an end to which of the following1

The deregulation of the rail and motor carriers brought an end to which of the following?

  • Collective rate making


Which of the following is a justification for a national transportation policy

Which of the following is a justification for a national transportation policy?

  • To reduce the threat from the political unity provided by the transportation system

  • The limited commercial advantage of transportation to business activity

  • National dependence upon the transportation systems of other countries

  • The significance of transportation to society, business, carriers, and the government


Which of the following is a justification for a national transportation policy1

Which of the following is a justification for a national transportation policy?

  • The significance of transportation to society, business, carriers, and the government


Which of the following is not a purpose of national transportation policy

Which of the following is not a purpose of national transportation policy?

  • To create inherent advantages for carriers

  • Establish guidelines to government agencies that make transportation decisions

  • To create a framework for the allocation of resources to transportation

  • Provide guidelines for the President for transportation decision making


Which of the following is not a purpose of national transportation policy1

Which of the following is not a purpose of national transportation policy?

  • To create inherent advantages for carriers


How is the federal government s role in transportation defined

How is the federal governments role in transportation defined?

  • By state constitutions

  • By common law

  • Through the laws, rules, and funding programs that control and promote transportation

  • Through the administrative actions of the ICC, DOT, and FMC in directing and controlling the actions of individual carriers


How is the federal government s role in transportation defined1

How is the federal governments role in transportation defined?

  • Through the laws, rules, and funding programs that control and promote transportation


Inherent advantage refers to identifying the superiority of a mode in terms of the

Inherent advantage refers to identifying the superiority of a mode in terms of the _______.

  • Number of cities served

  • Speed of service

  • Service frequency

  • Cost or service characteristics


Inherent advantage refers to identifying the superiority of a mode in terms of the1

Inherent advantage refers to identifying the superiority of a mode in terms of the _______.

  • Cost or service characteristics


National transportation policy concerns which of the following

National transportation policy concerns which of the following?

  • Promoting the profits of individual carriers

  • Preserving the inherent advantages of carriers

  • Insuring that carriers charge high rates to earn high profits

  • Allowing a select mode or carrier to enjoy a contrived absolute advantage over other carriers


National transportation policy concerns which of the following1

National transportation policy concerns which of the following?

  • Preserving the inherent advantages of carriers


Which of the following most clearly defines the role of the secretary of transportation

Which of the following most clearly defines the role of the Secretary of Transportation?

  • Appointment of individuals to head the ICC an FMC

  • Develop policy regarding international transportation by air and water

  • Assisting the President in all transportation matters

  • Development of policies regarding energy availability and distribution


Which of the following most clearly defines the role of the secretary of transportation1

Which of the following most clearly defines the role of the Secretary of Transportation?

  • Assisting the President in all transportation matters


What is the oag

The statement of national transportation policy included in the transportation policy included in the Transportation Act of 1940 was directed to which of the following?

  • The National Transportation Policy Office

  • The CAB

  • The ICC

  • The state governors


What is the oag

The statement of national transportation policy included in the transportation policy included in the Transportation Act of 1940 was directed to which of the following?

  • The ICC


Which mode of transportation is excluded from the declaration of national transportation policy

Which mode of transportation is excluded from the declaration of national transportation policy?

  • Air

  • Motor

  • Rail

  • Water


Which mode of transportation is excluded from the declaration of national transportation policy1

Which mode of transportation is excluded from the declaration of national transportation policy?

  • Air


The inherent advantage of the railroads relates to

The inherent advantage of the railroads relates to:

  • Accessibility

  • Speed

  • Low costs for long haul movements

  • Low costs for short haul movements


The inherent advantage of the railroads relates to1

The inherent advantage of the railroads relates to:

  • Low costs for long haul movements


Which of the following relates to the innate superiority of the pipelines

Which of the following relates to the innate superiority of the pipelines?

  • Speed

  • Short haul cost increases

  • Limited economy of scale

  • Low cost


Which of the following relates to the innate superiority of the pipelines1

Which of the following relates to the innate superiority of the pipelines?

  • Low cost


Which of the following is descriptive of project planning

Which of the following is descriptive of project planning?

  • It is a private activity

  • The planning lowers the cost of living or reduces the social costs of delay or congestion

  • The planning seeks to maximize financial returns

  • The planning seeks to provide services that will pay for themselves by providing programs that are profitable, not socially desirable


Which of the following is descriptive of project planning1

Which of the following is descriptive of project planning?

  • The planning lowers the cost of living or reduces the social costs of delay or congestion


Federal government promotion for the domestic water carriers includes all of the following except

Federal government promotion for the domestic water carriers includes all of the following except?

  • Construction of waterways

  • Waterway maintenance

  • Navigational aids

  • Loan subsidies for carriers


Federal government promotion for the domestic water carriers includes all of the following except1

Federal government promotion for the domestic water carriers includes all of the following except?

  • Loan subsidies for carriers


Which mode of transportation receives no public financial support

Which mode of transportation receives no public financial support?

  • Air

  • Pipelines

  • Water

  • Rail


Which mode of transportation receives no public financial support1

Which mode of transportation receives no public financial support?

  • Pipelines


What is the oag

The federal government provides the way for the air, water, and motor carriers. How do these carriers pay back the government for this assistance?

  • By raising taxes

  • Lobbying for lower rates

  • Hauling government cargo free of charge

  • By paying user charges


What is the oag

The federal government provides the way for the air, water, and motor carriers. How do these carriers pay back the government for this assistance?

  • By paying user charges


Forms of public aid for the air carriers include all of the following except

Forms of public aid for the air carriers include all of the following except:

  • Government guaranteed loans at no interest to individual carriers

  • Operating subsidies for short and medium non-jet flights to cities with low traffic volumes

  • Air traffic control facilities

  • Capital investment for airport facilities


Forms of public aid for the air carriers include all of the following except1

Forms of public aid for the air carriers include all of the following except:

  • Government guaranteed loans at no interest to individual carriers


What is the oag

The air, water, and motor carriers benefit from government promotion efforts. Which of the following is the greatest benefit received?

  • Providing the way

  • Providing rate subsidies

  • Providing loans and loan guarantees

  • Providing inherent advantage


What is the oag

The air, water, and motor carriers benefit from government promotion efforts. Which of the following is the greatest benefit received?

  • Providing the way


In the early years of the airline industry what was the major revenue source of the airlines

In the early years of the airline industry, what was the major revenue source of the airlines?

  • Air freight

  • Passengers

  • U.S. Postal Service subsidies

  • WWI troop movements for the DoD


In the early years of the airline industry what was the major revenue source of the airlines1

In the early years of the airline industry, what was the major revenue source of the airlines?

  • U.S. Postal Service subsidies


The only true form of nationalization in the u s transportation system is

The only true form of nationalization in the U.S. transportation system is:

  • Amtrak

  • The Alaska Railroad

  • Conrail

  • The U.S. Post Office


The only true form of nationalization in the u s transportation system is1

The only true form of nationalization in the U.S. transportation system is:

  • The Alaska Railroad


Which of the following best reflects the direction for future transportation policy decisions

Which of the following best reflects the direction for future transportation policy decisions?

  • More reliance on the marketplace and less on the economic regulation of transportation

  • A return to the strict economic regulation found prior to 1978-1980

  • Nationalization of the modes of transportation

  • Elimination of charges for transportation users to be replaced by general taxes because everyone benefits form transportation either directly or indirectly


Which of the following best reflects the direction for future transportation policy decisions1

Which of the following best reflects the direction for future transportation policy decisions?

  • More reliance on the marketplace and less on the economic regulation of transportation


What is the relationship between the movement and storage elements of the logistics system

What is the relationship between the movement and storage elements of the logistics system?

  • Negative and indirect

  • Negative and direct

  • Positive and indirect

  • Positive and direct


What is the relationship between the movement and storage elements of the logistics system1

What is the relationship between the movement and storage elements of the logistics system?

  • Positive and direct


What is the oag

Limiting the number of carriers used by a company, contracting with carriers for services, and negotiating with carriers for favorable rates, refer to which transportation decision makers?

  • General

  • Small shipment

  • Bulk shipment

  • Logistics


What is the oag

Limiting the number of carriers used by a company, contracting with carriers for services, and negotiating with carriers for favorable rates, refer to which transportation decision makers?

  • General


What is the oag

Which of the following best describes the role of the shipper with respect to rates quoted by transportation carriers?

  • The shipper may negotiate with carriers for changes in rates

  • Shippers have little influence over rates in light of the current regulatory structure

  • Shippers decide on the level of rates quoted by carriers

  • Shippers must request rate changes through the governing rate bureau


What is the oag

Which of the following best describes the role of the shipper with respect to rates quoted by transportation carriers?

  • The shipper may negotiate with carriers for changes in rates


How do traffic management activities benefit the firm

How do traffic management activities benefit the firm?

  • By lowering transportation costs

  • By reducing customer satisfaction

  • By crating form utility

  • By creating ownership utility


How do traffic management activities benefit the firm1

How do traffic management activities benefit the firm?

  • By lowering transportation costs


What is the oag

Which goal is employed by traffic management in performing the acquisition and control of transportation services for the firm?

  • Goal of least returns

  • Goal of maximum benefit

  • Goal of minimum total logistics expense

  • Goal of diminishing returns to scale


What is the oag

Which goal is employed by traffic management in performing the acquisition and control of transportation services for the firm?

  • Goal of minimum total logistics expense


Claims by shippers against common carriers may arise from which of the following

Claims by shippers against common carriers may arise from which of the following?

  • Low rates charged

  • Freight bill overcharges

  • Prompt delivery

  • Demurrage


Claims by shippers against common carriers may arise from which of the following1

Claims by shippers against common carriers may arise from which of the following?

  • Freight bill overcharges


What is the oag

What is the traffic management activity called that involves checking the accuracy of a carriers freight bill after it has been paid?

  • Expediting

  • Auditing

  • Rating

  • Demurrage


What is the oag

What is the traffic management activity called that involves checking the accuracy of a carriers freight bill after it has been paid?

  • Auditing


What is the oag

A carriers service characteristic of length of transit time is important to a shipper because of the effect on the shippers:

  • regulation index

  • Ability to negotiate favorable rates

  • Demurrage rate

  • Inventory requirements and warehouse costs


What is the oag

A carriers service characteristic of length of transit time is important to a shipper because of the effect on the shippers:

  • Inventory requirements and warehouse costs


What is the oag

Which of the following is a charge levied by a motor carrier on a shipper for holding carrier equipment beyond an acceptable time?

  • Dunnage

  • Demurrage

  • Detention

  • Debarkation


What is the oag

Which of the following is a charge levied by a motor carrier on a shipper for holding carrier equipment beyond an acceptable time?

  • Detention


Hidden charges related to evaluating rates charged by carriers include all of the following except

Hidden charges related to evaluating rates charged by carriers include all of the following except?

  • Reciprocity

  • Cargo insurance

  • Packaging

  • Pickup and delivery


Hidden charges related to evaluating rates charged by carriers include all of the following except1

Hidden charges related to evaluating rates charged by carriers include all of the following except?

  • Reciprocity


Which transport cost uses pallets racks or bulkheads to protect shipments form movement and damage

Which transport cost uses pallets, racks, or bulkheads to protect shipments form movement and damage?

  • Reciprocity

  • Bracing / dunnage

  • Demurrage / detention

  • Loss and damage experience


Which transport cost uses pallets racks or bulkheads to protect shipments form movement and damage1

Which transport cost uses pallets, racks, or bulkheads to protect shipments form movement and damage?

  • Bracing / dunnage


The pipelines account for what percent of total transportation revenues

The pipelines account for what percent of total transportation revenues?

  • 3

  • 10

  • 25

  • 75


The pipelines account for what percent of total transportation revenues1

The pipelines account for what percent of total transportation revenues?

  • 3


What is the oag

The low rates of the pipelines are complemented by additional user cost related factors of a good loss and damage record and which of the following?

  • Pickup and delivery

  • Completeness of service

  • Providing a warehousing function

  • Fast transit times


What is the oag

The low rates of the pipelines are complemented by additional user cost related factors of a good loss and damage record and which of the following?

  • Providing a warehousing function


Which mode of transportation has no backhaul

Which mode of transportation has no backhaul?

  • Railroads

  • Pipelines

  • Water

  • Motor carriers


Which mode of transportation has no backhaul1

Which mode of transportation has no backhaul?

  • Pipelines


Which of the following is characteristic of the pipeline mode of transportation

Which of the following is characteristic of the pipeline mode of transportation?

  • The carriers assume no liability for loss and damage

  • A broad range of commodities are transported

  • Limited geographic and commodity flexibility

  • Backhaul is a major problem


Which of the following is characteristic of the pipeline mode of transportation1

Which of the following is characteristic of the pipeline mode of transportation?

  • Limited geographic and commodity flexibility


What is the oag

Which mode of transportation is most frequently used to move oil products from the market-oriented tank farm to the customer?

  • Motor carrier

  • Rail

  • Slurry

  • Natural gas


What is the oag

Which mode of transportation is most frequently used to move oil products form the market-oriented tank farm to the customer?

  • Motor carrier


The most serious threats to the pipeline industry are from which form of competition

The most serious threats to the pipeline industry are from which form of competition?

  • Pure

  • Natural gas

  • Intramodal

  • Intermodal


The most serious threats to the pipeline industry are from which form of competition1

The most serious threats to the pipeline industry are from which form of competition?

  • Intermodal


Which segment of the pipeline industry has the largest number of miles of intercity pipelines

Which segment of the pipeline industry has the largest number of miles of intercity pipelines?

  • Natural gas

  • Oil

  • Gathering lines

  • Trunk lines


Which segment of the pipeline industry has the largest number of miles of intercity pipelines1

Which segment of the pipeline industry has the largest number of miles of intercity pipelines?

  • Natural gas


What reason makes the pipelines basically responsible for their own safety levels

What reason makes the pipelines basically responsible for their own safety levels?

  • The private ownership of the pipelines

  • The government policy of laissez faire for the pipelines

  • The small annual percentage of DoT pipeline inspections

  • The industry refusal to submit to government regulation


What reason makes the pipelines basically responsible for their own safety levels1

What reason makes the pipelines basically responsible for their own safety levels?

  • The small annual percentage of DoT pipeline inspections


Deregulation allows m c to increase their service areas how have shippers responded

Deregulation allows m/c to increase their service areas, how have shippers responded?

  • By increasing their modal utilization

  • By refusing many of the services offered by carriers

  • By dealing with a reduced number of carriers

  • By asking that more and more services be provided at lower prices


Deregulation allows m c to increase their service areas how have shippers responded1

Deregulation allows m/c to increase their service areas, how have shippers responded?

  • By dealing with a reduced number of carriers


What is the oag

Which mode of transportation hauls approximately 16 percent of the total national freight transported?

  • Rail

  • Pipeline

  • Water

  • Motor carriers


What is the oag

Which mode of transportation hauls approximately 16 percent of the total national freight transported?

  • Water


Which of the following pairs are only for hire carriers

Which of the following pairs are only for-hire carriers?

  • Company-owned and exempt carriers

  • Regulated and private carriers

  • Exempt and private carriers

  • Regulated and exempt carriers


Which of the following pairs are only for hire carriers1

Which of the following pairs are only for-hire carriers?

  • Regulated and exempt carriers


According to the icc organization of the domestic water carriers initially organized or divided

According to the ICC organization of the domestic water carriers, initially organized or divided?

  • As for-hire and private carriers

  • As regulated and exempt carriers

  • As common and exempt carriers

  • As internal water and Great Lakes carriers


According to the icc organization of the domestic water carriers initially organized or divided1

According to the ICC organization of the domestic water carriers, initially organized or divided?

  • As for-hire and private carriers


What is the oag

The disruption of service for domestic water transportation users during the winter months tends to increase which user cost?

  • Fixed

  • Common

  • Energy

  • Inventory


What is the oag

The disruption of service for domestic water transportation users during the winter months tends to increase which user cost?

  • Inventory


Which of the following is a major factor in limiting the economies of scale for water carriers

Which of the following is a major factor in limiting the economies of scale for water carriers?

  • The high proportion of fixed costs

  • The high proportion of variable costs

  • Cabotage laws

  • The carrier ownership of the waterways


Which of the following is a major factor in limiting the economies of scale for water carriers1

Which of the following is a major factor in limiting the economies of scale for water carriers?

  • The high proportion of variable costs


Which of the following are the major category of variable expenses for water carriers

Which of the following are the major category of variable expenses for water carriers?

  • Labor, fuel, and user charges

  • Depreciation and amortization

  • Renting operating equipment and facilities

  • Maintenance expenses


Which of the following are the major category of variable expenses for water carriers1

Which of the following are the major category of variable expenses for water carriers?

  • Labor, fuel, and user charges


What is the purpose of the storage facilities at water ports

What is the purpose of the storage facilities at water ports?

  • To hold seasonal demand products until the demand is realized

  • To hold cargo for loading on surface transportation or on barge or ship

  • For commercial long-term storage of commodities because the port has excess land that can be utilized for storage

  • Because on-board storage is not economical


What is the purpose of the storage facilities at water ports1

What is the purpose of the storage facilities at water ports?

  • To hold cargo for loading on surface transportation or on barge or ship


What is the main function of a steamship conference

What is the main function of a steamship conference?

  • To coordinate meetings of ship owners

  • to set acceptable rates for steamships and shippers

  • To evaluate requests for waiver of cabotage laws by foreign water carriers

  • To draw up service contracts for foreign water carriers


What is the main function of a steamship conference1

What is the main function of a steamship conference?

  • To set acceptable rates for steamships and shippers


Which is the proportion of variable costs to fixed costs in the cost structure of the air carriers

Which is the proportion of variable costs to fixed costs in the cost structure of the air carriers?

  • 40/60

  • 60/40

  • 80/20

  • 20/80


Which is the proportion of variable costs to fixed costs i the cost structure of the air carriers

Which is the proportion of variable costs to fixed costs I the cost structure of the air carriers?

  • 80/20


Which is a contributor to air transportation s major service characteristic of speed

Which is a contributor to air transportations major service characteristic of speed?

  • Smaller airline market areas

  • Private investment in the airways

  • Private investment in airports

  • Automated information processing systems


Which is a contributor to air transportation s major service characteristic of speed1

Which is a contributor to air transportations major service characteristic of speed?

  • Automated information processing systems


Class i railroads carry what percentage of total intercity ton miles of freight transported by mode

Class I railroads carry what percentage of total intercity ton-miles of freight transported by mode?

  • 50

  • 60

  • 75

  • 98


Class i railroads carry what percentage of total intercity ton miles of freight transported by mode1

Class I railroads carry what percentage of total intercity ton-miles of freight transported by mode?

  • 98


Over 50 of railroads revenue dollar is expended for

Over 50% of railroads revenue dollar is expended for?

  • Maintenance way expenses

  • Labor costs

  • Depreciation

  • Fuel costs


Over 50 of railroads revenue dollar is expended for1

Over 50% of railroads revenue dollar is expended for?

  • Labor costs


What is the oag

Which is the major cause of poor financial performance of the RR since the Staggers Rail Act of 1980?

  • Declining economies of scale due to greater way costs

  • Rate compression caused by intra- and intermodal competition

  • RR rates were so high business shifted to other modes

  • Increases in intermodal movements that shifted business from RR


What is the oag

Which is the major cause of poor financial performance of the RR since the Staggers Rail Act of 1980?

  • Rate compression caused by intra- and intermodal competition


Which of the following has not improved for rr since the staggers rail act of 1980

Which of the following has not improved for RR since the Staggers Rail Act of 1980?

  • Customer service levels

  • Safety performance

  • Intermodal movements

  • Financial performance


Which of the following has not improved for rr since the staggers rail act of 19801

Which of the following has not improved for RR since the Staggers Rail Act of 1980?

  • Financial performance


Conrail was established by

Conrail was established by?

  • Rail Passenger Service Act of 1970

  • Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973

  • Rail Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976

  • Staggers Rail Act of 1980


Conrail was established by1

Conrail was established by?

  • Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973


Why do railroads have an advantage over other modes in rate price wars

Why do railroads have an advantage over other modes in rate/price wars?

  • High equipment costs

  • Relatively low variable costs

  • Longer routes

  • Low overhead


Why do railroads have an advantage over other modes in rate price wars1

Why do railroads have an advantage over other modes in rate/price wars?

  • Relatively low variable costs


Which of the following is correct regarding value of service pricing

Which of the following is correct regarding value of service pricing?

  • The model is used to determine the lower limit of freight rates

  • The model considers the supply side of the transportation pricing function

  • The value of the product s considered to be irrelevant in the determination of the freight rate

  • The model considers the ability of the commodity to bear a charge


Which of the following is correct regarding value of service pricing1

Which of the following is correct regarding value of service pricing?

  • The model considers the ability of the commodity to bear a charge


What is the oag

Selection of air freight transportation, over a motor carrier, even if the choice increases transportation costs, might be justified if:

  • The reputation of the company is improved through the use of higher priced transportation

  • The customer receives the order before the ordered delivery date

  • Total logistics costs are lowered

  • Transit time is not a factor


What is the oag

Selection of air freight transportation, over a motor carrier, even if the choice increases transportation costs, might be justified if:

  • Total logistics costs are lowered


All of the following can be employed to increase carrier operational efficiency except

All of the following can be employed to increase carrier operational efficiency except:

  • Frequent scheduling with numerous stops and pickup points

  • Making continuous, straight-line moves

  • Minimizing intermediate handling

  • Maximizing the vehicles load carried on each movement


All of the following can be employed to increase carrier operational efficiency except1

All of the following can be employed to increase carrier operational efficiency except:

  • Frequent scheduling with numerous stops and pickup points


Assuming the cost to place an order is constant increasing q causes annual order cost to

Assuming the cost to place an order is constant, increasing Q* causes annual order cost to:

  • Decrease

  • Increase

  • Remain the same

  • Cannot be determined


Assuming the cost to place an order is constant increasing q causes annual order cost to1

Assuming the cost to place an order is constant, increasing Q* causes annual order cost to:

  • Decrease


What is the oag

As customer service levels approach higher levels (80-90%)), required inventory levels begin to _______at a(n)________ rate.

  • Increase; increasing

  • Increase; decreasing

  • Decrease; decreasing

  • Decrease; increasing


What is the oag

As customer service levels approach higher levels (80-90%)), required inventory levels begin to _______at a(n)________ rate.

  • Increase; increasing


Abc analysis is designed to

ABC analysis is designed to:

  • Determine the optimum mix between private and common carriers

  • Determine what inventory should be marked down

  • Determine the optimum level of customer service standards that each customer should receive

  • Sort inventory in alphabetical order


Abc analysis is designed to1

ABC analysis is designed to:

  • Determine the optimum level of customer service standards that each customer should receive


All of the following are reasons for holding inventory except

All of the following are reasons for holding inventory except:

  • Inventories enable specialization in manufacturing

  • Inventories eliminate the variation in supply and demand

  • Inventories enable the firm to achieve economies of scale

  • Inventories provide protection from uncertainties in demand in the order cycle

  • Inventories act as a buffer between critical interfaces within the channel of distribution


All of the following are reasons for holding inventory except1

All of the following are reasons for holding inventory except:

  • Inventories eliminate the variation in supply and demand


Which is an impossible description of raw material

Which is an impossible description of raw material?

  • Ubiquitous and pure

  • Weight losing and ubiquitous

  • Pure and localized

  • Weight losing and pure

  • None of the above


Which is an impossible description of raw material1

Which is an impossible description of raw material?

  • Weight losing and pure


Which is not a principle reason for holding finished goods inventory

Which is not a principle reason for holding finished goods inventory?

  • Purchase economies

  • Speculative investments in raw materials

  • Improvement of customer service

  • Transportation economies

  • Prevention of production shutdowns


Which is not a principle reason for holding finished goods inventory1

Which is not a principle reason for holding finished goods inventory?

  • Prevention of production shutdowns


Demurrage is a charge for

Demurrage is a charge for:

  • penalty charge for going beyond normal load/unloading time

  • penalty charge for being late with delivery

  • penalty charged for freight audits

  • penalty charge when a rate shark examines all paid freight bills and spots overpayment due to wrong classification, wrong classification, wrong weight, or duplicate payment


Demurrage is a charge for1

Demurrage is a charge for:

  • penalty charge for going beyond normal load/unloading time


Which of the following is false

Which of the following is false?

  • As product value increases, transportation costs increase

  • as product value increases, packaging costs decrease

  • as product value increases, inventory costs increase

  • as product value increases, warehousing costs increase


Which of the following is false1

Which of the following is false?

  • as product value increases, packaging costs decrease


Which is not among the underpinnings of the jit approach

Which is not among the underpinnings of the JIT approach?

  • Consistent lead times

  • small replenishment quantities

  • zero inventories

  • high quality, or zero defects


Which is not among the underpinnings of the jit approach1

Which is not among the underpinnings of the JIT approach?

  • zero inventories


Which is false

Which is false?

  • As product value increases, transportation costs increase

  • as product value increases, packaging costs decrease

  • as product value increases, inventory costs increase

  • as product value increases, warehousing costs increase


Which is false1

Which is false?

  • as product value increases, packaging costs decrease


In the eoq formula the square root over 2rs kc what does the k stand for

In the EOQ formula: The square root over 2RS/KC; What does the K stand for?

  • Order cost

  • lead time

  • delivered purchased cost

  • carry cost percentage


In the eoq formula the square root over 2rs kc what does the k stand for1

In the EOQ formula: The square root over 2RS/KC; What does the K stand for?

  • carry cost percentage


Fak rates make the most strategic sense for companies shipping

FAK rates make the most strategic sense for companies shipping:

  • heavy, bulky items

  • a variety of different types and classes of items

  • light, but small items

  • one or two different types and classes of items


Fak rates make the most strategic sense for companies shipping1

FAK rates make the most strategic sense for companies shipping:

  • a variety of different types and classes of items


What is the oag

We can compare the cost of shipping at a higher volume than actual weight to realize a lower rate and lower shipping cost of shipping at the actual weight by determining the weight break formula:

  • LV rate * WB = HV rate * MW

  • WB * LV rate = MW * HV rate

  • HV rate * LV rate = WB * MW

  • HV rate * LV rate = WB * MW


What is the oag

We can compare the cost of shipping at a higher volume than actual weight to realize a lower rate and lower shipping cost of shipping at the actual weight by determining the weight break formula:

  • WB * LV rate = MW * HV rate


Jit is a

JIT is a :

  • independent push system

  • independent pull system

  • dependent pull system

  • dependent push system


Jit is a1

JIT is a :

  • dependent pull system


Companies don t manage their inbound transportation for all the following reasons except

Companies dont manage their inbound transportation for all the following reasons except:

  • They have lower transportation costs than the suppliers could offer

  • the traffic function is decentralized

  • their customer is the channel captain

  • suppliers have better tracking and auditing capability


Companies don t manage their inbound transportation for all the following reasons except1

Companies dont manage their inbound transportation for all the following reasons except:

  • They have lower transportation costs than the suppliers could offer


Contribution pricing theory requires

Contribution pricing theory requires:

  • rates must cover fixed costs, variable costs, and planned profit

  • rates must cover fixed costs, variable costs, and marginal profit

  • rates must cover only fixed and variable costs

  • rates must cover variable costs


Contribution pricing theory requires1

Contribution pricing theory requires:

  • rates must cover variable costs


What is the oag

Which of the following is correct regarding the behavior of the fixed costs of private trucking and the number of miles operated?

  • The more the miles driven, the higher the fixed cost per mile

  • the less the miles driven, the lower the fixed cost per mile

  • fixed costs increase proportionately to the number of miles driven

  • the fixed cost per mile varies inversely with the number of miles operated per year


What is the oag

Which of the following is correct regarding the behavior of the fixed costs of private trucking and the number of miles operated?

  • the fixed cost per mile varies inversely with the number of miles operated per year


What is the oag

Which refers to a situation where a charge is levied by a motor carrier on a shipper for holding carrier equipment beyond an acceptable loading or unloading time?

  • Dunnage

  • demurrage

  • detention

  • debarkation


What is the oag

Which refers to a situation where a charge is levied by a motor carrier on a shipper for holding carrier equipment beyond an acceptable loading or unloading time?

  • detention


What is the oag

What is the load factor for a month that has an air carrier with a plane that holds 120 pax and carries 75 pax each trip?

  • 75

  • 120

  • 62.5

  • 1.6


What is the oag

What is the load factor for a month that has an air carrier with a plane that holds 120 pax and carries 75 pax each trip?

  • 62.5


What is the oag

If a railroad carries more freight which increases its revenues by, say 10%, but its costs increase by only 5%, what effect will this have on its operating ratio?

  • Decrease it

  • Increase it

  • Have no effect

  • In crease it first then decrease it


What is the oag

If a railroad carries more freight which increases its revenues by, say 10%, but its costs increase by only 5%, what effect will this have on its operating ratio?

  • Decrease it


You look at a map and all you see is interstates i 15 and i 94 which region are you looking at

You look at a map and all you see is Interstates I-15 and I-94, which region are you looking at?

  • Northeastern

  • Southeastern

  • Northwestern

  • Southwestern


You look at a map and all you see is interstates i 15 and i 94 which region are you looking at1

You look at a map and all you see is Interstates I-15 and I-94, which region are you looking at?

  • Northwestern


What is the oag

Which international channel strategy has a major drawback; the potential that the foreign firm with whom your company works, could become a future direct competitor?

  • Exporting

  • Importing

  • Joint venture

  • Licensing

  • Ownership


What is the oag

Which international channel strategy has a major drawback; the potential that the foreign firm with whom your company works, could become a future direct competitor?

  • Licensing


The goals of an efficient carrier would include which of the following

The goals of an efficient carrier would include which of the following?

  • Minimization of sales volumes

  • Profitability

  • Collaborative rate making with competing carriers

  • Total cost maximization subject to a public mandate


The goals of an efficient carrier would include which of the following1

The goals of an efficient carrier would include which of the following?

  • Profitability


Which is a basic characteristic of a carrier s transportation product

Which is a basic characteristic of a carriers transportation product?

  • It is a durable good

  • It cannot be stored

  • It is readily measurable

  • The demand exceeds the supply


Which is a basic characteristic of a carrier s transportation product1

Which is a basic characteristic of a carriers transportation product?

  • It cannot be stored


What is the oag

What is the behavior of the per unit cost as the loaded weight of a shipment in a vehicle approaches the vehicles maximum load weight?

  • Increases

  • Decreases

  • Is non-linear

  • Increases and decreases cyclically


What is the oag

What is the behavior of the per unit cost as the loaded weight of a shipment in a vehicle approaches the vehicles maximum load weight?

  • Decreases


Which is the basic strategy employed by the airlines when standby fares are offered

Which is the basic strategy employed by the airlines when standby fares are offered?

  • Increase travel agency response

  • increase airport waiting room utilization

  • encourage travelers to travel at cheap rates

  • maximize aircraft capacity


Which is the basic strategy employed by the airlines when standby fares are offered1

Which is the basic strategy employed by the airlines when standby fares are offered?

  • maximize aircraft capacity


Replacement of a 450 passenger with 600 passenger aircraft is an example of which principle

Replacement of a 450 passenger with 600 passenger aircraft is an example of which principle?

  • Maximizing vehicle capacity

  • minimizing empty mileage

  • economies of scale

  • consumer satisfaction


Replacement of a 450 passenger with 600 passenger aircraft is an example of which principle1

Replacement of a 450 passenger with 600 passenger aircraft is an example of which principle?

  • Economies of scale


The economies of high capital investment require

The economies of high capital investment require

  • equipment to be adapted to market requirements

  • high equipment utilization

  • minimization of vehicle weight

  • standardization of equipment


The economies of high capital investment require1

The economies of high capital investment require

  • High equipment utilization


Carrier use of standardized equipment results in cost savings from which of the following

Carrier use of standardized equipment results in cost savings from which of the following?

  • Long-haul economies

  • billing

  • spare parts inventories

  • schedule frequency


Carrier use of standardized equipment results in cost savings from which of the following1

Carrier use of standardized equipment results in cost savings from which of the following?

  • spare parts inventories


What is the oag

Hub and spoke emphasizes route structures with few stops. Thus, demand is limited to non-stop and one-stop routes.

  • Both true

  • first true, 2nd false

  • first false, 2nd true

  • both false


What is the oag

Hub and spoke emphasizes route structures with few stops. Thus, demand is limited to non-stop and one-stop routes.

  • Both false


The reason carriers air m c rail seek long term market commitments includes all except

The reason carriers (air, m/c, rail) seek long-term market commitments includes all except:

  • to become financially and operationally independent on any customer

  • to secure tangible commitments from customers for obtaining funds to purchase equipment

  • to guarantee terminal space

  • to purchase equipment for specific customer demands


The reason carriers air m c rail seek long term market commitments includes all except1

The reason carriers (air, m/c, rail) seek long-term market commitments includes all except:

  • to become financially and operationally independent on any customer


What is the oag

Carrier management problems relating to dispersal, the employee representative, and minimal supervision are all related to a common factor of:

  • competition

  • regulation

  • the military nature of transportation activities

  • the geographic scope of operations


What is the oag

Carrier management problems relating to dispersal, the employee representative, and minimal supervision are all related to a common factor of:

  • the geographic scope of operations


Which is descriptive of the evolution of carrier management and organizational structures

Which is descriptive of the evolution of carrier management and organizational structures?

  • Strong vertical hierarchies, with operations, marketing, and finance depts.

  • Weak horizontal hierarchies with project and matrix management depts.

  • Strong diagonal hierarchies with overlapping authority organized on a project basis

  • project management organization with modal departments


Which is descriptive of the evolution of carrier management and organizational structures1

Which is descriptive of the evolution of carrier management and organizational structures?

  • Strong vertical hierarchies, with operations, marketing, and finance depts.


What is the oag

Single accountability for transportation product is minimal. All of the following are reasons for the limited service accountability except

  • carrier operating responsibilities are divided into distinct regions, districts, or divisions

  • transportation service standards are obsolete

  • shipments pass through the responsibility areas of several top operating managers

  • several carriers may participate in a shipment


What is the oag

Single accountability for transportation product is minimal. All of the following are reasons for the limited service accountability except

  • transportation service standards are obsolete


Pickup and delivery terminals are places where the following takes place except

Pickup and delivery terminals are places where the following takes place except

  • cargo or pax are collected and consolidated

  • freight is classified

  • local dispatching is carried out

  • freight in the middle of a long-haul movement is reclassified


Pickup and delivery terminals are places where the following takes place except1

Pickup and delivery terminals are places where the following takes place except

  • freight in the middle of a long-haul movement is reclassified


What is the oag

What is the motor carrier task called that involves breaking down freight from local pickup vehicles, and consolidating it into long-haul vehicles?

  • Sorting

  • rating

  • billing

  • local dispatching


What is the oag

What is the motor carrier task called that involves breaking down freight from local pickup vehicles, and consolidating it into long-haul vehicles?

  • Sorting


What is the oag

What is the carrier facility called that performs the intermediate function of reclassifying and sorting freight?

  • A freight forwarder terminal

  • a local terminal

  • a break-bulk terminal

  • a warehouse


What is the oag

What is the carrier facility called that performs the intermediate function of reclassifying and sorting freight?

  • a break-bulk terminal


Which is an advantage of the large terminal concept

Which is an advantage of the large terminal concept?

  • More intermediate handling

  • larger terminals have handling economies of scale

  • shorter pickup and delivery runs

  • pickup and delivery runs cover large areas


Which is an advantage of the large terminal concept1

Which is an advantage of the large terminal concept?

  • larger terminals have handling economies of scale


Which is an advantage of the satellite terminal concept

Which is an advantage of the satellite terminal concept?

  • Lower costs of labor and handling

  • less intermediate handling

  • shorter pickup and delivery runs

  • handling economies of scale


Which is an advantage of the satellite terminal concept1

Which is an advantage of the satellite terminal concept?

  • shorter pickup and delivery runs


Which best describes the nature of transportation

Which best describes the nature of transportation

  • a service

  • a product

  • tangible

  • an unproductive element in the economy


Which best describes the nature of transportation1

Which best describes the nature of transportation

  • a service


What is the oag

Movement service, equipment used, and the cost of the transportation service make the purchase of transportation similar to:

  • traffic management

  • logistics management

  • buying services

  • buying goods


What is the oag

Movement service, equipment used, and the cost of the transportation service make the purchase of transportation similar to:

  • traffic management

  • logistics management

  • buying services

  • buying goods


What is the oag

Movement service, equipment used, and the cost of the transportation service make the purchase of transportation similar to:

  • buying goods


What is the oag

The charge or rate quoted by the primary carrier, as well as packaging requirements, damage or retention charges, and charges for refrigeration or heat, represent which characteristic of purchasing transportation services?

  • Movement service

  • cost of the transportation service

  • the equipment used

  • logistics services


What is the oag

The charge or rate quoted by the primary carrier, as well as packaging requirements, damage or retention charges, and charges for refrigeration or heat, represent which characteristic of purchasing transportation services?

  • cost of the transportation service


Which of the following best describes the transportation product

Which of the following best describes the transportation product?

  • A physical, tangible product

  • a bundle of services

  • a physical intangible product

  • a bundle of goods


Which of the following best describes the transportation product1

Which of the following best describes the transportation product?

  • a bundle of services


Which of the following is the basic function of transportation

Which of the following is the basic function of transportation?

  • To provide movement for services

  • to restrict life styles

  • to support transportation networks

  • to provide the market with access to products


Which of the following is the basic function of transportation1

Which of the following is the basic function of transportation?

  • to provide the market with access to products


What is the oag

Movement service, equipment used, and cost of the service describe the characteristics of which of the following?

  • Modern transportation

  • the transportation service

  • location theory

  • traffic management


What is the oag

Movement service, equipment used, and cost of the service describe the characteristics of which of the following?

  • the transportation service


What is the oag

Water transportation provided the foundation for a great society in ancient Egypt. Which of the following is not a reason why water transportation was important to ancient Egypt>

  • national defense

  • a way to communicate

  • transporting goods

  • eminent domain


What is the oag

Water transportation provided the foundation for a great society in ancient Egypt. Which of the following is not a reason why water transportation was important to ancient Egypt>

  • eminent domain


What is the oag

Which of the following modes of transportation contributed to the early growth and development of the U.S.?

  • Motor

  • rail

  • air

  • space


What is the oag

Which of the following modes of transportation contributed to the early growth and development of the U.S.?

  • Rail


Which of the following is necessary for large scale production to take place

Which of the following is necessary for large scale production to take place?

  • Time value

  • transportation systems

  • geographic specialization

  • eminent domain


Which of the following is necessary for large scale production to take place1

Which of the following is necessary for large scale production to take place?

  • transportation systems


Transportation increases land values by

Transportation increases land values by

  • including the land as part of the products laid-down cost

  • increasing large scale production

  • making the land more accessible and more useful

  • increasing the time and place utility of the land


Transportation increases land values by1

Transportation increases land values by

  • making the land more accessible and more useful


What kind of utility is crated when a product is at a market when there is a demand for it

What kind of utility is crated when a product is at a market when there is a demand for it?

  • Place

  • time

  • form

  • possession


What kind of utility is crated when a product is at a market when there is a demand for it1

What kind of utility is crated when a product is at a market when there is a demand for it?

  • Time


What is the oag

Which of the following modes of transportation hauls the least ton-miles of freight, in any given year?

  • Rail

  • motor

  • air

  • water


What is the oag

Which of the following modes of transportation hauls the least ton-miles of freight, in any given year?

  • air


Which mode of transportation hauls the largest share of freight intercity ton miles

Which mode of transportation hauls the largest share of freight intercity ton-miles?

  • Rail

  • pipeline

  • motor

  • water


Which mode of transportation hauls the largest share of freight intercity ton miles1

Which mode of transportation hauls the largest share of freight intercity ton-miles?

  • Rail


In the u s the most serious environmental impact of transportation is

In the U.S., the most serious environmental impact of transportation is

  • land pollution

  • scenic pollution

  • water pollution

  • air pollution


In the u s the most serious environmental impact of transportation is1

In the U.S., the most serious environmental impact of transportation is

  • air pollution


What is the oag

Which of the following represents the present trend in accidents associated with freight transportation?

  • Increasing

  • decreasing

  • no trend is present

  • decreasing at an increasing rate


What is the oag

Which of the following represents the present trend in accidents associated with freight transportation?

  • Increasing


What is the oag

Under which of the following conditions is society likely to accept the pollution effects of transportation?

  • When the transportation benefits far exceed the costs

  • when the transportation costs increase the price of land

  • when a comparative advantage is reduced

  • when costs exceed relevant opportunity costs


What is the oag

Under which of the following conditions is society likely to accept the pollution effects of transportation?

  • When the transportation benefits far exceed the costs


What is the oag

The fact that the transportation industry is utilizing fewer human resources, is a reflection of which:

  • the increasing labor-intensity of the industry

  • the decreasing capital-intensity of the industry

  • the increasing capital-intensity of the industry

  • the decreasing labor/capital-intensity ratio


What is the oag

The fact that the transportation industry is utilizing fewer human resources, is a reflection of which:

  • the increasing capital-intensity of the industry


The government exercises decision making power over transportation in the public interest through

The government exercises decision making power over transportation in the public interest through?

  • Society

  • users of transportation

  • the rail lobby

  • the various regulatory agencies


The government exercises decision making power over transportation in the public interest through1

The government exercises decision making power over transportation in the public interest through?

  • the various regulatory agencies


Which of the following reflects the role of the user in regards to transportation decisions

Which of the following reflects the role of the user in regards to transportation decisions?

  • Determining the demands of the systems and the services to be offered

  • making decisions in light of total modal use

  • making decisions that will maximize the relevant consumer-oriented goals

  • making decisions that establish the importance of each mode to the economy


Which of the following reflects the role of the user in regards to transportation decisions1

Which of the following reflects the role of the user in regards to transportation decisions?

  • making decisions that will maximize the relevant consumer-oriented goals


What is the oag

Which has affected how carriers have organized, priced, sold and managed their services and operations in the 80s and impacted how they will act in the future?

  • Regulation

  • deregulation

  • naturalization

  • denaturalization


What is the oag

Which has affected how carriers have organized, priced, sold and managed their services and operations in the 80s and impacted how they will act in the future?

  • Deregulation


What is the oag

Which of the following is the advantage of the motor carriers over the other modes of transportation?

  • The minimal regulation imposed on the motor carriers relative to the other modes

  • the level of flexibility in the motor carriers cost structure

  • the accessibility of the motor carrier for pickup and delivery

  • the economy of scale realized from long-haul moves


What is the oag

Which of the following is the advantage of the motor carriers over the other modes of transportation?

  • the accessibility of the motor carrier for pickup and delivery


What is the oag

Which of the following is the motor carriers fractional share of the transportation freight market based on revenue ton-miles?

  • 1/8

  • 1/4

  • 1/3

  • 1/2


What is the oag

Which of the following is the motor carriers fractional share of the transportation freight market based on revenue ton-miles?

  • 1/4


What is the oag

Which of the following is an important reason for the motor carriers industry being composed of a large number of small carriers?

  • The high capital requirements for industry entry

  • the strict entry requirements imposed by the ICC

  • the Small Business Administration being given the authority to admit small carrier entry into he industry

  • the limited capital needed to enter the industry


What is the oag

Which of the following is an important reason for the motor carriers industry being composed of a large number of small carriers?

  • the limited capital needed to enter the industry


What is the oag

Which motor carrier service characteristic benefits buyers and sellers in terms of lower inventory levels and inventory carrying cost?

  • Economy of scale

  • small carrying capacity

  • freight pickup and delivery

  • cargo safety


What is the oag

Which motor carrier service characteristic benefits buyers and sellers in terms of lower inventory levels and inventory carrying cost?

  • small carrying capacity


What is the oag

According to the organization of the motor carrier industry, how are the carriers primarily separated?

  • As general commodity and special commodity carriers

  • as common and contract carriers

  • as regulated and exempt carriers

  • as for-hire and private carriers


What is the oag

According to the organization of the motor carrier industry, how are the carriers primarily separated?

  • as for-hire and private carriers


The majority of for hire regulated motor carriers are in which icc classification

The majority of for-hire regulated motor carriers are in which ICC classification?

  • Class I

  • Class II

  • Class III

  • Class IV


The majority of for hire regulated motor carriers are in which icc classification1

The majority of for-hire regulated motor carriers are in which ICC classification?

  • Class II


Motor carriers dominate the market for which of the following

Motor carriers dominate the market for which of the following?

  • 10,000 pounds or less and 100 miles or less

  • 100,000 pounds or more and 34,000 miles or more

  • bulk commodities

  • low-value goods


Motor carriers dominate the market for which of the following1

Motor carriers dominate the market for which of the following?

  • 10,000 pounds or less and 100 miles or less


Which of the following absorbs the largest percentage of a carrier s revenue dollar

Which of the following absorbs the largest percentage of a carriers revenue dollar?

  • Fuel

  • labor

  • vehicle depreciation

  • interest payments on vehicles


Which of the following absorbs the largest percentage of a carrier s revenue dollar1

Which of the following absorbs the largest percentage of a carriers revenue dollar?

  • Labor


What is the oag

The motor carrier cost structure consists of approximately 90 percent variable costs and 10 percent fixed costs. Which factor contributes to the low proportion of fixed costs?

  • Public investment in the highway system

  • private investment in the highway system

  • public ownership of the operating vehicles

  • a high proportion of joint ventures in the industry


What is the oag

The motor carrier cost structure consists of approximately 90 percent variable costs and 10 percent fixed costs. Which factor contributes to the low proportion of fixed costs?

  • Public investment in the highway system


Which type of motor vehicle is used to haul freight long distances between cities

Which type of motor vehicle is used to haul freight long distances between cities?

  • Delivery vans

  • line-haul vehicles

  • intra-city vehicles

  • city vehicles


Which type of motor vehicle is used to haul freight long distances between cities1

Which type of motor vehicle is used to haul freight long distances between cities?

  • line-haul vehicles


What is the oag

Tractor-trailer combinations are permitted, in most states, to haul a maximum of how many pounds of gross weight?

  • 25,000

  • 50,000

  • 80,000

  • 95,000


What is the oag

Tractor-trailer combinations are permitted, in most states, to haul a maximum of how many pounds of gross weight?

  • 80,000


What is the oag

City trucks are single units that are used within the city to provide pickup and delivery service. As single units, the cargo and power unit are combined in one vehicle.

  • Both statements are true

  • the 1st is true and the 2nd false

  • 1st is false and the 2nd true

  • both are false


What is the oag

City trucks are single units that are used within the city to provide pickup and delivery service. As single units, the cargo and power unit are combined in one vehicle.

  • Both statements are true


What is the oag

Which of the following functions is most descriptive of an operation normally performed at a pickup and delivery terminal?

  • The separation of combined shipments

  • unloading of freight, sorting by destination, and reloaded for dispatch to destination

  • substitution of drivers who have accumulated the maximum hours of service

  • collection of freight from shippers and consolidated with other loads going in the same direction


What is the oag

Which of the following functions is most descriptive of an operation normally performed at a pickup and delivery terminal?

  • collection of freight from shippers and consolidated with other loads going in the same direction


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