The importance and role of patent information
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The Importance and Role of Patent Information. Jerusalem 21 June 2010. Andrew Czajkowski Head, Innovation and Technology Support Section. Overview. Role of the international patent system Which information can be obtained from a patent? How can we use this information?

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The importance and role of patent information

The Importance and Role of Patent Information

Jerusalem

21 June

2010

Andrew Czajkowski

Head, Innovation and Technology Support Section


Overview

Overview

Role of the international patent system

Which information can be obtained from a patent?

How can we use this information?

Examples of using patent information


The patent system

The Patent System

Encourages innovation and consequently economic growth by:

rewarding investments made in developing a new invention  protection

publishing and making known technical information of a new invention  disclosure


Nature of patent information

Nature of patent information

Patent protection is territorial in nature

Patent information is global

Patent protection is limited by claims in scope

Patent information includes all information contained in patent documents


Nature of patent information cont d

Nature of patent information (cont’d)

Patent protection is time-limited

Patent information remains permanently available

Patent protection gives patent owners a right to prevent others from carrying out the invention (manufacturing or marketing)

Patents do not prevent others from learning from the invention


Patents a unique source of information

Patents : A unique source of information

About two-thirds of the technical information revealed in patents is never published elsewhere

Over 70 million patent documents have been published to date

Patent documents provide various types of information in a highly standardized format


Bibliographic data

Bibliographic data

Publication date

Publication number

Classification

Application number

Designated states

Filing date

Priority date

Applicant

Inventor


Description specification

Description (specification)

Describes how the invention works (addresses a particular technical problem)

Provides background information on this problem

Indicates other known solutions to the problem


Claims

Claims

Define the scope of protection sought by the applicant


New technical information worldwide

New Technical Information Worldwide

Source: WIPO Statistical Database (patent families); World Bank, World Development Indicators (journals)


Patent information new opportunities

Patent information: New opportunities!

Many patent collections are now available online in digital format

Search services and tools have made the exploitation of this information simpler and more cost-effective

Many search services and tools are available for free!

 Opportunities exist to open patent information to new constituencies


Uses and users of patent information

Uses and users of patent information

  • Uses

    • Legal

    • Technical

    • Business

    • Policy

  • Users

    • Individual inventors

    • Small and medium enterprises (SMEs)

    • Industry

    • Research institutions

    • Academia

    • Patent attorneys

    • and many others…


Use of patent information legal

Use of patent information : Legal

To determine the validity of existing patents and which technologies belong to the public domain

Valid patents: licensing or buying the knowledge to use it

avoids R&D costs

creates new “tradable goods” (intangible assets)

Public domain “good”: legal use of non granted or expired patents

avoids R&D costs

no need to licence or buy technology


Patent information and the public domain

Patent information and the public domain

Technology disclosed in a patent document may be in the public domain if:

The patent application has not been filed in a given country

The patent has not been granted

The patent term has expired, or the patent has not been renewed

The disclosed information is not covered by the claims


Example pharmaceutical technology

Example : Pharmaceutical technology

  • 127,522 international patent applications (PCT)

  • 6% of that number in Israel

  • Significant freedom to operate?


Example wind power

Example : Wind power

Rapidly growing source of renewable energy

Possibilities for small-scale distributed generation of power


Wind power accessing patent information

Wind power : Accessing patent information

Search in technical information classification : F03D (“wind motors”)


Wind power record

Wind power : Record


Wind power national phase entries

Wind power : National phase entries


Wind power legal status ca

Wind power : Legal status (CA)


Wind power legal status au

Wind power : Legal status (AU)


Uses of patent information legal cont d

Uses of patent information : Legal (cont’d)

Avoid patent infringement and possible litigation

Determine the patentability of your inventions

Draft strong patent applications


Uses of patent information technical

Uses of patent information : Technical

Target research resources more effectively (avoid “reinventing the wheel”)

Stimulus for further innovation

“leap-frogging” of known technology to lead to new inventions

suggest possible alternative solutions

solve comparable problems in other technical fields


Uses of patent information technical1

Uses of patent information : Technical

Develop new solutions to technical challenges faced in the country, or adapt existing technologies to suit local conditions

Technical information must be sufficiently clear and comprehensive to be carried out by a typical expert in the field of technology (“a person having ordinary skill in the art”)


Example vaccines for poliovirus

Example : Vaccines for poliovirus

  • Though largely eradicated, polio remains an issue in many countries around the world


Vaccines against poliovirus accessing patent information

Vaccines against poliovirus : Accessing patent information

  • Search in technical information

     classification : A61K 39/13 (“Medicinal preparations containing antigens or antibodies – Poliovirus”)


Vaccines against poliovirus record

Vaccines against poliovirus : Record


Vaccines against poliovirus documents

Vaccines against poliovirus : Documents


Vaccines against poliovirus technical data

Vaccines against poliovirus : Technical data


Uses of patent information business and policy

Uses of patent information : Business and policy

Track research activities of competitors

Identify opportunity for licensing and joint ventures with potential partners

Review trends in specific areas of technology


Wind power accessing patent information1

Wind power : Accessing patent information

Search in technical information classification : F03D (“wind motors”)


Wind power results clustering

Wind power : Results clustering


Wind power filing trends

Wind power : Filing trends

  • How is this technology evolving over time?


Wind power offices of filing

Wind power : Offices of filing

  • In which countries are applicants filing applications?


Wind power activity index

Wind power : Activity index

In which field of technology is the patenting activity in a country concentrated?

 Positive values mean relatively high share of patent applications in that technology

Source : WIPO, Patent-based Technology Analysis Report – Alternative Energy Technology


Wind power top applicants

Wind power : Top applicants

  • Who is particularly active in this field of technology?

  • From whom can I seek licenses, or with whom can I negotiate partnerships?


Wind power filing trends1

Wind power : Filing trends

  • How is the patenting activity of these top applicants evolving over time?


Example apple computer

Example : Apple Computer

  • Search in applicant data

     applicant name : Apple Computer


Apple computer patent application

Apple Computer : Patent application

PCT application : WO 2006/020305 (“Gestures for Touch-Sensitive Input Devices”)

Published : February 2006


Apple computer product

Apple Computer : Product

Apple Computer’s iPhone

Released : January 2007


Example w l gore associates

Example : W.L. Gore & Associates

  • Search in applicant data

     applicant name : W.L. Gore & Associates and Gore Enterprise Holdings


W l gore associates changing research orientation

W.L. Gore & Associates : Changing research orientation

W.L. Gore (1984-1997) : Focus on materials and related technologies


W l gore associates changing research orientation cont d

W.L. Gore & Associates : Changing research orientation (cont’d)

W.L. Gore (1998-2010): Focus on medical technologies


Summary key points

Summary : Key points

The patent system serves two major functions: protection and disclosure (information)

Patent documents constitute a valuable source of legal, technical, business, and policy-related information


Thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention!

For more information, please contact:

[email protected]


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