Plants, Herbivores, and Parasitoids A Model System for the study of Tri-Trophic Associations. NSF ADBC Digitization TCN Randall Schuh American Museum of Natural History. TCN Partners. This project is predicated on broad institutional cooperation. ENTOMOLOGY
NSF ADBC Digitization TCN
American Museum of Natural History
This project is predicated on broad institutional cooperation.
Produce fruits and tubers a significant economic value.
Pierce stems and leaves to feed on the plants – specialize on one species or numerous species, reduce plant vigor or transmit disease, cause reduction in yield or make fruits or tubers inedible.
Lay eggs directly inside the aphids and consume them from the inside out.
About 85% of Hemiptera are herbivorous with high host specificity for many plant families (e.g., Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Fagaceae, and Poaceae)
Hempitera are serious agricultural pests (armored scales, mealy bugs, potato leafhoppers, Lygus bugs)
Vectors of viral and bacterial diseases (Green peach aphid is a vector of over 100 plant viruses)
Parasitic Hymenoptera are very beneficial as biological control agents
The relationship among these groups is of significant ecological and economic importance
Access data from 3 existing consortia covering the western United States
Incorporate data for Aphidoidea through cooperation with Robert Foottit, Agriculture Canada, primarily as slide images
Incorporate data for Coccoidea from collections with data already captured (e.g., UC Davis)
Incorporate data from previously databased Hemiptera collections (Kansas State University)
Utilize existing database infrastructure at AMNH (PBI funded) and NYBG (EMu)
Utilize existing imaging infrastructure at AMNH (Visionary Digital) and NYBG (custom light box)
Utilize existing Storage Area Networks and web servers at NYBG & AMNH (mirror AMNH-PBI database at UCR)
Utilize Discover Life web portal for data integration, as modeled by AMNH’s NSF PBI Plant Bug project; send data copies to iDigBio, GBIF & other networks
Cooperate on development of solutions and tools by iDigBio & others
Specimens are barcoded, given a “filed as” name, and imaged at partner institutions
Image files are sent to NYBG
Each image file gets a database record with the institution, barcode number, “filed as” determination, and preliminary OCR of the label
Use Tropicos database from Missouri Botanical Garden as botanical nomenclature authority file
NYBG Project Coordinator completes the partial records
Send DarwinCore specimen data to DiscoverLife and back to each partner institutionPlants Workflow
Send image files through SALIX/HERBIS
Merge existing partner datasets and expect duplicates
Scatter, Gather, Reconcile; FilteredPush
Crowd sourcing & citizen scientists
Georeferencing tools: GEOLocate, BioGeomancer & others
All ideas welcome!
AMNH Matrix-code labels
Use existing online PBI database for most data entry
Voucher specimen records?
Living host plantLink directly to host plant images
Adequately train personnel to capture de novo data for more than 2 million specimens
Implement authority files for all groups in all databases
Insure accuracy of specimen identifications
Integrate data across databases
Integrate data across trophic groups for effective access by broadest user community
Maintain data over the long haul
Systematics: assembly of specimen data
Biogeography: large data pool for studies of endemism
Ecology: host-herbivore-parasitoid relationships and origins
Conservation biology: management decision making
Agricultural sciences: invasive/pest species data and management, identifications at ports
Climate change studies: ecological niche modeling; phenological changes; distributional changes
The PIs would like to convene as many of the
subcontracting institutions as possible during the
banquet this evening. This will provide an
opportunity to discuss potential problems, compare
notes, and answer questions you may have.