Means of Egress Exit Routes Subpart E مسالك الهروب. From 29 CFR 1910.35 To 29 CFR 1910.38.
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Means of EgressExit RoutesSubpart Eمسالك الهروب
29 CFR 1910.35
29 CFR 1910.38
This Subpart is about ensuring that when people need to have a safe and efficient means of leaving a building or facility under emergency situations, that means will be there and they will have minimal problems finding it and using it.
The entire Subpart E is promulgated from NFPA 101 Life Safety Code.
للتأكد من وجود وسائل هروب آمنة و مخارج للطوارىء كافية لإخراج شاغلى المبنى فى حالات الطوارىء
المرجع لهذه المواصفات هو: NFPA 101 وهى المواصفات الخاصة بإنقاذ الأرواح
Means of Egress:
It is a continuous and unobstructed way of exit travel from any point in a building or structure to a public way, and consists of three separate and distinct parts:
1- The way of exit access
2- The Exit,
3- The exit discharge.
هى مسارات الإنتقال التى يسلكها شاغلو المبنى ولا يوجد بها أية عوائق من أية نقطة بالمبنى إلى الطريق العام وتتكون من ثلاثة أجزاء:
مسار الوصول إلى المخرج
منفذ صرف المخرج
مسار الوصول إلى المخرج
6 ft.- 8 in.
1910.36 (g)(1) and (2)
ExitالمخرجIs that portion of a means of egress which is separated from all other spaces of the building or structure by construction or equipment to provide a protected way of travel to the exit discharge
When an exit is protected by separation from
Other parts of the building, the separating
Construction shall meet the following:
1- Three Stories or less – 1hr. Fire resistance
2- Four or more stories – 2hrs. Fire resistance
Two - hour fire resistance – rating for four or more stories.
An exit must be separated by fire resistant materials.
One - hour fire resistance - rating:three or fewer stories
. . . must lead directly outside or to a street, walkway, refuge area, public way, or open space with access to the outside . . .(This area) must be large enough . . .
1910.36 (c)(1) and (2)
3-There shall be no locks or devices to prevent
emergency egress except in specialized facilities.
4-Means of egress shall be clearly visible and understandable to occupants who are physically and mentally capable to know the direction of escape.
5-Minimum ceiling height of 7 feet, 6 inches
6- Projections from the ceiling (lights, etc.) must be at least 6 feet, 8 inches from the floor
Emergency exit locked
7-Any doorway or passageway not constituting an exit or way to occupants to reach an exit, shall be clearly marked “Not an Exit”.
8-Adequate and reliable illumination shall be provided for all exit facilities in every building or structure.
9- Signs clearly visible with the word “EXIT” in plain letters at least 6 inches high and at least a ¾” stroke width
Width and capacity of means of egress
Remotely located to provide options for evacuation
An emergency action plan must be in writing, kept in the workplace, and available to employees for review.
However, an employer with 10 or fewer employees may communicate the plan orally to employees.
An emergency action plan must include at a minimum:
(2) Procedures for emergency evacuation, including type of evacuation and exit route assignments;
(3) Procedures to be followed by employees who remain to operate critical plant operationsbefore they evacuate;
(4) Procedures toaccount for all employeesafter evacuation;
Verify that employees are safe.
(5) Procedures to be followed by employeesperforming rescue or medical duties; and
(6) The name or job title of every employee who may be contactedby employees who need more information about the plan or an explanation of their duties under the plan.
What do I do??
We do this!
An employer must have and maintain an employee alarm system.
. . .The employee alarm system must use a distinctive signal for each purpose and comply with the requirements in § 1910.165.
An employer must designate and train employees to assist in a safe and orderly
An employer must review the . . . EAP. . . with each employee covered by the plan:
(1) When the plan is developed or the employee is assigned initially to a job;
(2) When the employee's responsibilities under the plan change; and
(3) When the plan is changed.
Know what to do BEFORE
an emergency occurs!
Know where YOU are supposed to
go if an evacuation occurs.