Conceptual Knowledge and Skills Task Group

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Conceptual Knowledge and Skills Task Group. Miami Meeting Progress Report June 6, 2007. Conceptual Knowledge and Skills Task Group. Task Group Members: Francis (Skip) Fennell, chair Larry Faulkner Liping Ma Wilfried Schmid Sandra Stotsky Hung Hsi Wu, ex-officio

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Conceptual Knowledge

and Skills

Miami Meeting

Progress Report

June 6, 2007

Conceptual Knowledge

and Skills

Francis (Skip) Fennell, chair

Larry Faulkner

Liping Ma

Wilfried Schmid

Sandra Stotsky

Hung Hsi Wu, ex-officio

Tyrrell Flawn, staff associate

Conceptual Knowledge

and Skills

• Methodology
• Literature Review
• Analysis of State Curriculum Frameworks, Standards, and Textbooks
• Survey of Algebra Teachers
• Analysis of Math Content in Respected Sources
• Synthesis of Algebra Topics and Math Skills and Concepts

Conceptual Knowledge

and Skills

• What are the major topics of school algebra?
• Symbols and Expressions
• Polynomial expressions
• Rational expressions
• Arithmetic and finite geometric series
• Linear Relations
• Real numbers as points on the number line
• Linear equations and their graphs
• Solving problems with linear equations
• Linear inequalities and their graphs
• Graphing and solving systems of simultaneous linear equations

Conceptual Knowledge

and Skills

• What are the major topics of school algebra? (cont.)
• Factors and factoring of quadratic polynomials with integer coefficients.
• Completing the square in quadratic expressions
• Using the quadratic formula to solve equations

Conceptual Knowledge

and Skills

• What are the major topics of school algebra? (cont.)
• Functions
• Linear functions
• Graphs of quadratic functions and completing the square
• Polynomial functions (including graphs of basic functions)
• Simple nonlinear functions (e.g.. square and cube root functions; absolute value; rational functions; step functions)
• Rational exponents, radical expressions, and exponential functions
• Logarithmic functions
• Trigonometric functions
• Fitting simple mathematical models to data

Conceptual Knowledge

and Skills

• What are the major topics of school algebra? (cont.)
• Algebra of Polynomials
• Roots and factorization of polynomial forms
• Complex numbers and operations
• Fundamental theorem of algebra
• Binomial coefficients (and Pascal’s triangle)
• Mathematical induction and the binomial theorem
• Combinatorics and Finite Probability

Conceptual Knowledge

and Skills

• What are the essential mathematics concepts and skills that lead to success in algebra and that should be learned as preparation for formal algebra coursework?
• Fluency with whole numbers
• Fluency with fractions
• Geometry

Conceptual Knowledge

and Skills

• Does the sequence of topics taught at grade levels prior to algebra coursework affect achievement in algebra?
• Response considerations:
• Issues of coherence
• Placement of algebra coursework
• Other issues under investigation and further analysis

Conceptual Knowledge

and Skills