What does it mean
in medicine ?
After taking this course, you should
know the answers to these questions:
· Why is information management
a central issue in biomedical research
and clinical practice?
· What are integrated information-
management environments and how
might we expect them to affect the
practice of medicine and biomedical
research in coming years?
· What do we mean by the terms
medical computer science, medical
computing ,medical informatics,
clinical informatics, nursing
and health informatics?
· Why should health professionals
and students of the health professions
learn about medical-informatics
concepts and informatics applications?
· How has the development of mini-
and the Internet changed the nature
of biomedical computing?
· How is medical informatics related
to clinical practice, biomedical
engineering, molecular biology, decision
science, information science,
and computer science?
· How does information in clinical
medicine and health differ from
information in the basic sciences?
· How can changes in computer
technology and the way medical care
is financed influence the integration
of medical computing into clinical
Medical records systems
(e.g. admissions, discharges and transfers)
of various types
1. HANDBOOK of MEDICAL INFORMATICS
Editors: J.H. van Bemmel, Erasmus University, Rotterdam
M.A. Musen, Stanford University Stanford, Springer, 1997.
2. The computer based patient records:
An essential Technology for Healthcare, Institute of Medicine
National Academy Press, 1997.
3. Strategies and Technologies for healthcare information:
Theory and practice,
Marion J. Ball, Judith V. Douglas and David E. Garrets, editors,
4. Clinical decision support systems: Theory and practice.
Eta S. Berner, Springer, 1998.
5. Telemedicine-Practicing in the information age,
Stevan F. Viegas, Kim Dunn, Editors, Lippincott-Raven, 1998.
Bioinformatics is the study of how information is
represented and transmitted in biological systems,
starting at the molecular level. Whereas clinical
informatics deals with the management of information
related to the delivery of health care, bioinformatics
focuses on the management of information related
to the underlying basic biological sciences.
DNA, protein gene sequencing.
NIH group maintains a database of macromolecular 3D structures, as well as tools for their visualization and comparative analysis. MMDB, the Molecular Modeling Database, contains experimentally determined biopolymer structures obtained from the Protein Data Bank.
A domain-specific, common protocol for the exchange of health care information.
2 Data Link
ISO-OSI Communication Architecture Model
Patient & Study Management
Information Management System
This standard for medical device communication
defines a family of standards for providing interconnection
and interoperability of medical devices and computerized
healthcare information systems. Medical devices include a
broad range of clinical monitoring, diagnostic and
Computerized healthcare information systems similarly
include broad range of clinical data management systems,
patient care systems and hospital information systems.