a place of 3 cultures
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A Place of 3 Cultures. From Empire to Colony. Aztecs built most powerful empire in Mexico By 1400 Tenochitlan was one of the largest cities in the world w/ over 60,000 Aztecs gathering to trade goods daily

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from empire to colony
From Empire to Colony
  • Aztecs built most powerful empire in Mexico
    • By 1400 Tenochitlan was one of the largest cities in the world w/ over 60,000 Aztecs gathering to trade goods daily
  • In 1519 Hernando Cortes came to Tenochitlan and within 2 years he had destroyed the Aztec empire

- the land conquered by Cortes became known as New Spain

slide4
New Spain
    • 4 social classes
      • Peninsulares- born in Spain
      • Criollos- Spanish ancestry, born in Americas
      • Mestizos- mixed ancestry
      • Indians (natives)
  • Hacienda- Spanish owned estates of land, usually ran as farms and cattle ranches
  • Spanish rulers gave conquistadors Indians to work their lands as rewards
road to democracy
Road to Democracy
  • In 1810 Priest Miguel Hidalgo called for a rebellion against Spanish rule
    • He sparked a war of independence
    • By 1821 the independent nation of Mexico emerged( non-Democratic)
    • discrepancy b/w rich and poor remained prominent
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