Urban CDM efforts undertaken by KEI and UEA :
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 24

March 28, 2014 H.W. Lee, Korea Environment Institute & H.J. Moon, H. Lee, EFConsulting PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 82 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Urban CDM efforts undertaken by KEI and UEA : Urban Carbon Offset Methodology tool-kit Developing Project. March 28, 2014 H.W. Lee, Korea Environment Institute & H.J. Moon, H. Lee, EFConsulting. 01/ Project Background 02/ Project Process 03/ Project Progress - Literature Review

Download Presentation

March 28, 2014 H.W. Lee, Korea Environment Institute & H.J. Moon, H. Lee, EFConsulting

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


March 28 2014 h w lee korea environment institute h j moon h lee efconsulting

Urban CDM efforts undertaken by KEI and UEA :Urban Carbon Offset Methodology tool-kit Developing Project

March 28, 2014

H.W. Lee, Korea Environment Institute & H.J. Moon, H. Lee, EFConsulting


March 28 2014 h w lee korea environment institute h j moon h lee efconsulting

01/ Project Background

02/ Project Process

03/ Project Progress

- Literature Review

- Tool-kit Framework Setup

04/ Project Result

- Tool-kit Building

05/ Conclusion


Project background importance of urban area

Project Background – Importance of Urban Area

More than 50% of the world’s population dwells in urban area

More than 70% of the world’s carbon emissions come from urban area

Importance of Urban Area Getting Growth

Source: World bank, IEA


Project background urban base cdm projects

Project Background - Urban Base CDM Projects

The amount of CERs from urban area take less than 1% of total CERs issued

Most CERs come from CDM projects from non-city area

World’s Carbon Emissions Fraction

* Number of registered and CERs issued CDM project clearly declared its city base in project title/project info

** Amount of CERs issued from the CDM project of * above

Source: CDMPipeline, UNEP

Carbon emissions reduction performance from urban area is very limited


Project background urban base cdm projects1

Project Background - Urban Base CDM Projects

Limited GHG emission reduction performance from urban area rooted from various reasons

UrbanContextSpecialty

(Limited Ownership)

Complicated AdministrativeProcedures

- Continuous progress in administrative procedures could be an issue for municipal ownership change

Complicated Methodologies

Limited Emission ReductionPerformance

Long ProjectTime Period

- Project performance may not be realized in a single municipal period

Complicated methodologies amplifyproblems come from limited ownership

Less AttractiveIncentives

- For the municipal governor or organization, projects are less attractive


Project background project goal

Project Background – Project Goal

Developing a carbon offset methodology tool-kit for expanding urban carbon emission reduction projects by utilizing existing CDM methodologies

Methodology Tool-kit Development

Modifications

Easier usability

Improved urbancontext suitability

Descriptive


March 28 2014 h w lee korea environment institute h j moon h lee efconsulting

01/ Project Background

02/ Project Process

03/ Project Progress

- Literature Review

- Tool-kit Framework Setup

04/ Project Result

- Tool-kit Building

05/ Conclusion


Project process project flow

Project Process – Project Flow

Literature Review

Framework setup

Tool-kit Development

UNEP early works on urban CDM

Revising methodology selective approach

Tool-kit development

  • Tool-kit development

  • Concept of urban CDM Urban

  • CDM methodology selecting approach

  • Barriers of implementing urban CDM projects

Methodology selection for tool-kit development

Summarizing projects implementation barriers

  • Revise UNEP methodology selective approach for methodology selection

  • Summarize implementation barriers for tool-kit building frameworks

CDM related literatures

  • Barriers of implementing general CDM projects

Expert verification in progress

Tool-kit developmentframework setup

Tool-kit method format setup

  • Tool-kit framework setup for the tool-kit development


Literature review unep urban cdm work 1

Literature Review – UNEP Urban CDM Work(1)

UNEP’s work provides a basic concept of a urban carbon emissions and range of urban carbon emission reduction

Priority sectors, emission origin and GHG type

Typical emission sources in cities

Source: UNEP


Literature review unep urban cdm work 2

Literature Review – UNEP Urban CDM Work(2)

UNEP’s work provides criteria of specifying suitable CDM methodologies for urban area and the list of proper CDM methodologies for urban area


Literature review unep urban cdm work 3

Literature Review – UNEP Urban CDM Work(3)

UNEP’s work provides criteria of specifying suitable CDM methodologies for urban area and the list of proper CDM methodologies for urban area


Literature review unep urban cdm work other works

Literature Review – UNEP Urban CDM Work/OtherWorks

UNEP’s work and other literatures provides idea of potential obstacle factors of implementing urban carbon offset projects


March 28 2014 h w lee korea environment institute h j moon h lee efconsulting

01/ Project Background

02/ Project Process

03/ Project Progress

- Literature Review

- Tool-kit Framework Setup

04/ Project Result

- Tool-kit Building

05/ Conclusion


Framework setup methodology selection

Framework Setup – Methodology Selection

UNEP’s approach of selecting CDM methodologies for urban area considers project feasibility and urban context applicability

Feasibility constraints may exclude the methodologies fitting to urban context, but has not been implemented

UNEP Approach

Revised Approach

Select the methodologies with urban context applicability score over 6 (over 5 in transport sector for its special characteristics: Representativeness of public transportation)

Select the methodologies with overall score over 10(excepting 2 methodologies irrelative to urban context)


Framework setup methodology selection1

Framework Setup – Methodology Selection

Selection result changed in waste/transport/energy sectors


Framework setup methodological barriers

Framework Setup – Methodological Barriers

Tool-kit development framework building based on results of literature reviews on CDM projects implementation barriers

Implementation Barriers in Literatures

Methodological Barriers

Extended project period

A. Difficult additinality proof procedures/non-economic obstacles

B. Monitoring requirement in facility unit

Redundant procedures (validation/verification)

C. (PoA) Identical methodology should be applied in all sub-activities

Strict data management requirement

D. Monitoring cost increase from dispersed end-users

Difficulties in additionality proof

E. Difficulties in proper baseline setup and proof of properness

Constraints in utilizing external financial aids

F. Separation of GHG reduction results from external financial aids

G. Excessive data management requirements in monitoring procedures

Difficulties in baseline selection/proof


Framework setup

Framework Setup

Tool-kit development framework building based on results of literature reviews on CDM projects implementation barriers

Tool-kit Development Framework Setup

Methodological Barriers

1. Introducing concept of automatic additionality (CDM micro-scale automatic additionality)

A. Difficult additinality proof procedures/non- economic obstacles

2. Excepting municipal aids from investment analysis/common practice analysis in additionality proof procedures

B. Monitoring requirement in facility unit

C. (PoA) Identical methodology should be applied in all sub-activities

3. Allowance of data monitoring in system unit (allowance of aggregated data monitoring)

D. Monitoring cost increase from dispersed end-users

4. Allowance of utilizing multiple methodologies in sub-activities in PoA projects

E. Difficulties in proper baseline setup and proof of properness

5. Allowance of using self-developed monitoring variables (with external validation)

F. Separation of GHG reduction results from external financial aids

G. Excessive data management requirements in monitoring procedures

6. Provision of default baseline scenarios


Framework setup solutions for the barriers 1

Framework Setup – Solutions for the Barriers(1)

1. Introducing concept of automatic additionality (CDM micro-scale automatic additionality)

2. Excepting municipal aids from investment analysis/common practice analysis in additionality proof procedures

  • Introducing automatic additionality conditions: Projects satisfying following conditions are additional

  • - Renewable energy project with capacity less than 5MW

  • - Energy efficiency improvement project with emission reduction scale equal or less than 20GWh/year

  • - Other projects with emission reduction scale equal or less than 20,000tCO2e/year

  • Projects not satisfying automatic additionality conditions should follow typical additionality proving procedures with following changes

  • - Except municipal financial aids from investment analysis

  • - Except common practice analysis in typical additionality proving procedures

City/Urban area has higher probability of having dispersed components (dispersed participants/end-users) Without municipal aids, projects have less chance to be implemented because of dispersed incentives

Technology availability is limited in urban context

less chance of prove projects’ uniqueness (difficulties in common practice analysis)

City/Urban area has higher probability of having dispersed components (dispersed participants/end-users)  Difficulties in proving additionality is excessive in urban context


Framework setup solutions for the barriers 2

Framework Setup – Solutions for the Barriers(2)

3. Allowance of data monitoring in system unit (allowance of aggregated data monitoring)

4. Allowance of utilizing multiple methodologies in sub-activities in PoA projects

  • For PoA projects, allow utilizing multiple methodologies for PoA component activities(for small-scale methodologies)

  • : Previously prohibited in general CDM projects(every sub-activities composing PoA project should use identical methodologies)

  • In data monitoring process, allow data monitoring in system unit: Previously prohibited in general CDM projects (data management must be performed in equipment unit)

City/Urban area has limitation in securing similar sub-activities can utilize the same methodology for its limited territorial rangeMore flexibility in methodology selection may increase chance of carrying PoA like projects in urban context

City/Urban area has higher probability of having dispersed components (dispersed participants/end-users)  Difficulties amplified in data control/monitor in equipment unit because of dispersed ownership of facilities


Framework setup solutions for the barriers 3

Framework Setup – Solutions for the Barriers(3)

5. Allowance of using self-developed monitoring variables (with external validation)

6. Provision of default baseline scenarios

  • Monitoring variables which are estimated by additional methodological tools can be substituted by self-estimated variables by project participants with external validation

  • : Previously prohibited in general CDM projects

  • (In case of utilizing self-estimated variables instead of variables provided by methodology, permission of UNFCCC EB is required)

  • Providing default baseline scenarios and simpler procedures for easier approach to selecting baseline scenarios

  • - Provide representative(default) baseline scenario

  • - Excluding procedures for exempting irrelative baseline scenarios

City/Urban area has higher probability of having dispersed components (dispersed participants/end-users) Dispersed components may lead to various project backgrounds: amplified difficulties in providing baseline scenario validity

City/Urban area has higher probability of having dispersed components (dispersed participants/end-users)  Because of dispersed ownership of equipment/facility, monitoring every detail data would ban project implementation for limited data availability


Framework setup tool kit method format

Framework Setup – Tool-kit Method Format

Tool-kit format is composed with 8 items similar to components of regular CDM methodology

CDM Methodology Format

Tool-kit Formats

  • Introduction

  • Scope, applicability, and entry into force

    • Scope

    • Applicability

    • Entry into force

  • Normative References

    • Selected approach from paragraph 48 of the CDM modalities and procedures

  • Definitions

  • Baseline Methodology

    • Project Boundary

    • Procedure for estimating the end of the remaining lifetime of existing equipment

6 Tool-kit

Development

Framework

Tool-kit format is defined for representing improvements from the tool-kit development framework


Tool kit building example

Tool-kit Building: example

ACM 0001: Flaring or Use of Landfill Gas

1. Introducing concept of automatic additionality

2. Excepting municipal aids from investment analysis/common practice analysis

3. Allowance of data monitoring in system unit

4. Allowance of utilizing multiple methodologies in sub-activities in PoA projects(only for small scale)

5. Allowance of using self-developed monitoring variables (with external validation)

6. Provision of default baseline scenarios


Conclusion tool kit utilization

Conclusion: Tool-kit Utilization

Developed methodology tool-kit is a very first tool-kit developed based on existing methodologies; hence, the tool-kit would be utilized in various ways

Project Motivation

Project Results

Future Utilization

  • Increasing importance of city/urban area in GHGemission perspective

  • Limited performance of city/urban area based carbon emission reduction projects

  • Selecting city/urban suitable CDM methodologies

  • Developing methodology tool-kit framework

  • Building urban methodology tool-kit

  • With real case experiencesof the tool-kit application and continuous feedbacks for tool-kit improvements

Utilize as a starting material for improving CDM system for covering city/urban area(administrative procedures, MRV requirements, etc)

Expanding city/urban area based carbon emission reduction projects by developing methodology tool-kitfor city/urban area projects

From improving previous works, 1) Selecting proper CDM methodologies for urban context

2) Building tool-kit development frameworks

3) Development of urban methodological tool-kit

For new city/urban area based carbon emission reduction projects or new carbon offset projects, developed tool-kit would be applied for project development


  • Login