24.1 The Call to Arms. Main Idea The secession of the Southern states quickly led to armed conflict between the North and the South. Why It Matters Now The nation’s identity was in part forged by the Civil War. CA. Standards.
The secession of the Southern states quickly led to armed conflict between the North and the South.
Why It Matters Now
The nation’s identity was in part forged by the Civil War.
-70% of the country’s population lived in the North (20 million).
-30% (10 million) lived in the South, 3.5 million were slaves.
-North had twice as many as the South, about 2/3.
-Out of the 130,000 factories, 110,000 were in the North. About 85%.
-Lincoln recognizes rebellion.
-asks for 75,000 troops.
- “Won’t send troops to fight our southern brothers.”
-Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina, and Virginia.
-Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and West Virginia.
-Wanted to stay neutral (not picking sides).
-Vital transportation lines and resources in those states.
-Under martial law.
-Not just cotton
-2/3 of pop.
-1/3 of South’s pop. were slaves.
-block important seaports.
-cut the south in half
-Supplied cotton for their mills.
-July 21, 1861, Union troops clashed with Confederate troops 25 miles from D.C.
-Union were winning, but the South begun a rallying cry, “Look there’s Jackson, standing like a stonewall.”
-Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson.
-North panics and loses.
-Proves that war will be long.