Slide1 l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 29

PREVENTION IN MENTAL HEALTH PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 55 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

PREVENTION IN MENTAL HEALTH. PRESENTER. ROBERT K. CONYNE, Ph.D. PROFESSOR EMERITUS COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGIST UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI. LEARNING OBJECTIVES. TO UNDERSTAND MENTAL HEALTH PREVENTION CONCEPTS TO DIFFERENTIATE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS TO LEARN A MODEL FOR PREVENTION.

Download Presentation

PREVENTION IN MENTAL HEALTH

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Slide1 l.jpg

PREVENTION IN MENTAL HEALTH


Presenter l.jpg

PRESENTER

  • ROBERT K. CONYNE, Ph.D.

    PROFESSOR EMERITUS

    COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGIST

    UNIVERSITY OF CINCINNATI


Learning objectives l.jpg

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

  • TO UNDERSTAND MENTAL HEALTH PREVENTION CONCEPTS

  • TO DIFFERENTIATE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS

  • TO LEARN A MODEL FOR PREVENTION


Performance objectives l.jpg

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

  • DESCRIBE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS NEEDED

  • KNOW WHAT TO INCLUDE IN PROGRAMS

  • IDENTIFY EFEECTIVE PREVENTION PROGRAMS


Epidemiology mental illness l.jpg

Epidemiology: MentalIllness

Adults: (under 55)

20% of U.S. adults per year (44 million)

Children/Adolescents

20% of 9-17 years old per year (U.S. Surgeon General)


Substance abuse l.jpg

SUBSTANCE ABUSE

  • 1962: 4 MILLION TRIED ILLEGAL DRUGS

  • 1999: 87.7 MILLION…

  • USERS OVER AGE 12:

    -1979: 25.4 MILLION

    -1992: 12 MILLION

    -1999: 14.8 MILLION


Literacy l.jpg

LITERACY

  • 20 MILLION ILLITERATE ADULTS (13%)

  • 20 MILLION MARGINALLY LITERATE

    -----------------------

  • 4 MILLION OF THESE PEOPLE ARE REACHED


Cost of mental illness l.jpg

COST OF MENTAL ILLNESS

1996:

-DIRECT COST: $69 BILLION.

-INDIRECT COST: $78.6 BILLION

(Surgeon General)


One population african americans l.jpg

ONE POPULATION: AFRICAN AMERICANS

  • POVERTY: 1999, 22%

  • HOMELESS: 40% OF HOMELESS POPULATION

  • INCARCERATION: HALF OF ALL STATE & NATIONAL PRISONERS


African americans contd l.jpg

AFRICAN-AMERICANS (CONTD)

  • ACCESS: 20% FEWER ARE COVERED BY EMPLOYER-BASED HEALTH INS.

  • USE: ONLY ONE-HALF THAT OF WHITES; EMERGENCY USE HIGH


Incidence l.jpg

INCIDENCE

  • TO REDUCE DEVELOPMENT OR RATE OF DEVELOPMENT OF:

  • NEW CASES OF A DISORDER OR PROBLEM


To reduce incidence l.jpg

TO REDUCE INCIDENCE

  • DECREASE:

    STRESS + EXPLOITATION

  • INCREASE:

    COPING SKILLS +SELF-ESTEEM+

    SUPPORT

    (Albee, modified, 1982)


Primary prevention l.jpg

Intentional intervention

To reduce incidence of

Adjustment problems in

Currently normal populations, plus

Promotion of mental health functioning (Durlak & Wells, 1997)

PRIMARY PREVENTION


Degree of risk institute of medicine 1994 l.jpg

DEGREE OF RISK (Institute of Medicine, 1994)

  • Universal: for all

  • Selective: Based on risk markers

  • Indicated: Based on specific risk

    indicators and showing early signs, but no mental disorder


Why primary prevention l.jpg

WHY PRIMARY PREVENTION?

  • TOO MANY PROBLEMS/NOT ENOUGH HELPERS

  • TOO MUCH AFTER-THE-FACT

  • LIMITED REACH

  • DE-CONTEXTUALIZED

  • STRESSORS/STRENGTHS IGNORED


Primary preventive counseling conyne 2004 l.jpg

PRIMARY PREVENTIVE COUNSELING (Conyne, 2004)

  • APPLICATION OF BROAD RANGE OF COUNSELING

  • HEALTHY AND/OR AT RISK TARGETS

  • TO AVERT FUTURE PROBLEMS AND

  • TO PROMOTE GROWTH


Preventive counseling precepts l.jpg

PREVENTIVE COUNSELING PRECEPTS

  • BEFORE-THE-FACT

  • HEATHY PEOPLE/AT RISK

  • DEVELOP COMPETENCE

  • REDUCE INCIDENCE

  • GROUP AND COMMUNITY FOCUSED


Precepts cont d l.jpg

PRECEPTS (Cont’d)

  • ECOLOGICAL FOCUS

  • CULTURALLY VALID

  • SOCIAL JUSTICE VALUE

  • COLLABORATIVE PROCESS

  • EMPOWERING


Prevention skill sets l.jpg

PREVENTION SKILL SETS

  • Primary prevention perspective

  •   Personal attributes & behaviors

  • Ethical skills

  • Marketing skills

  • Multicultural skills

  • Group facilitation skills


Prevention skill set cont d l.jpg

PREVENTION SKILL SET (Cont’d)

  • Collaboration skills

  • Organizational & setting dynamic skills

  • Trends & political dynamic skills

  • Research & evaluation skills

    (Conyne, 2004) 


Preventive counseling model conyne 2004 l.jpg

PREVENTIVE COUNSELING MODEL (Conyne, 2004)

  • PURPOSIVE STRATEGIES

  • TARGETS

  • METHODS


Preventive counseling model cont d l.jpg

PREVENTIVE COUNSELING MODEL (Cont’d)

PURPOSIVE STRATEGIES:

  • SEEK SYSTEM CHANGE

  • SEEK PERSON CHANGE


Model cont d l.jpg

TARGET

Individual

Group

Family

Organization

Community

MODEL(Cont’d)


Model cont d24 l.jpg

MODEL(Cont’d)

METHODS

  • DIRECT: Education, Organization

  • INDIRECT: Consultation, Media


Effective prevention programs l.jpg

EFFECTIVE PREVENTION PROGRAMS

  • TARGETED

    LIFE TRAJECTORIES CHANGED

  • NEW SKILLS EMERGED


Effective prevention programs cont d l.jpg

EFFECTIVE PREVENTION PROGRAMS (CONT’D)

  • SOCIAL SUPPORT DEVELOPED

  • NATURAL SUPPORT SYSTEMS IMPROVED

  • NEW CASES REDUCED


Effectiveness criteria l.jpg

EFFECTIVENESS CRITERIA

  • WHAT’S BEING PREVENTED?

  • WHAT’S BEING PROMOTED?

  • IS IT BEFORE-THE-FACT?

  • DOES IT INVOLVE HEALTHY AND/OR AT RISK PERSONS?

  • IS THERE SYSTEM CHANGE?


Criteria cont d l.jpg

CRITERIA (Cont’d)

  • IS IT FEASIBLE?

  • USE EXISTING RESOURCES?

  • IS IT COLLABORATIVE?

  • STRESSORS & STRENGTHS?

  • IS THE METHOD SPECIFIED?

  • INTERVENOR ROLES?

  • ARE THERE RESULTS?


Happy prevention l.jpg

HAPPY PREVENTION!


  • Login