How microphones hear
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How Microphones Hear. 8.1. Types of Microphones. Dynamic Moving coil Rugged Condenser Fixed plate Ribbon Small ribbon Delicate. Pickup Patterns. Pickup pattern- the area around a mic in which sound is heard Omni directional Sounds picked up equally from all sides Cardioid

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Types of microphones
Types of Microphones

  • Dynamic

    • Moving coil

    • Rugged

  • Condenser

    • Fixed plate

  • Ribbon

    • Small ribbon

    • Delicate


Pickup patterns
Pickup Patterns

Pickup pattern- the area around a mic in which sound is heard

  • Omni directional

    • Sounds picked up equally from all sides

  • Cardioid

    • Heart shaped pick up pattern aka. unidirectional

  • Unidirectional

    • Narrow defined pickup pattern



Types of mics
Types of Mics

  • Handheld

  • Lavalier

  • Shotgun/Boom

  • Wireless

  • Boundary/Pressure Zone

  • Parabolic


Mic accessories
Mic Accessories

  • Windscreen

    • Usually foam rubber absorbs wind sounds

  • Shock mount

    • Absorbs shakes and wobbles of mic

  • Boom/Fishpole

    • Long pole used to suspend mic in air

  • XLR- grounded left right

    • Balanced audio connector

  • ¼” Connector/ 1/8” Connector

    • Unbalanced audio connector

  • RCA Connector

    • Red and White connectors


Phantom power
Phantom Power

  • Power supplied by the recording device to the microphone.


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