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The Effects of NCLB on Special Education. Kaitlin White Mark Sanders Megan Davenport Nicole Faulkner. Table of Contents. What is NCLB? Philosophical Approach Historical background IDEA Curriculum Testing and Funding Roles of a Special Educator Collaboration.

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Kaitlin white mark sanders megan davenport nicole faulkner

The Effects of NCLB

on Special Education

Kaitlin White

Mark Sanders

Megan Davenport

Nicole Faulkner


Table of contents

Table of Contents

  • What is NCLB?

  • Philosophical Approach

  • Historical background

  • IDEA

  • Curriculum

  • Testing and Funding

  • Roles of a Special Educator

  • Collaboration


What is no child left behind

What is No Child Left Behind?

Goals:

All students with limited English proficiency will become proficient

Taught by highly qualified teachers

Meet AYP standards

AYP

Assessment through testing

Disabilities

  • The purpose of this law is to close the achievement gap with accountability and choice.

    • Accountability: The school system

      • Administration

      • Teachers

    • Choice: Parental Choice

      • Different schools that meet AYP

      • Special Education


Philosophical approach

Philosophical Approach

  • Constructivist

  • Developmentalist


Constructivist

Constructivist

  • PRO: Requirement to reach diverse learners may lead to more hands-on/applied instruction, less memorization.

  • CON: AYP req’t may lead to exact opposite- just know the facts and be able to repeat it on a test. Testing and progress req’t take focus away from the learning experience.


Developmentalist

Developmentalist

  • NCLB by it’s NAME should mean that each student is getting their individual needs met,

  • BUT- AYP and other requirements may not allow teacher’s time to do this.

  • Inclusion: SpEd students may be on different developmental levels than peers – good or bad?

  • IEP is a very developmentalist approach: education is student-centered and student-specific, built around one student and begins at their current level of learning and development.


Historical background

Historical Background

  • Learning Disabilities (LD) as a field of research in the early 1960s

  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act in 1965

  • Programs for LD students in the early 1970s


More historical background

More Historical Background

  • November1975 President Ford signed the Education for All Handicapped Children Act

  • IDEA Act in 1975 (original)

    • Revisions throughout the implementation

      • Last Revision 2004


Even more historical background

Even More Historical Background

  • Improving America’s Schools Act 1994

    • Addition to Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965

  • NCLB Act 2001


Individuals with disabilities education plan

Individuals with Disabilities Education Plan

  • Inclusion (Mainstreaming)

  • Education Community toleration

  • Closing the Gap between Special Needs students and General Curriculum Students


Curriculum

Curriculum

  • General Education Classes

    • Inclusion as soon as possible

  • Prepare the students for real world experiences

  • Severe Cognitive Abilities

  • IEPs (Accommodations and Modifications)


Accommodations

Accommodations

  • Accommodations

    • Equal Access to learning and equal opportunity to show what they know.

  • Areas to accommodate

    • Instruction

    • Organization

    • Grades

    • Homework

    • Testing

    • Environment

    • Communication


Modifications

Modifications

  • Modifications

    • Provide meaningful and productive learning experiences.

  • Areas to modify:

    • Instruction

    • Organization

    • Homework

    • Testing

    • Grades

    • Environment

    • Communication


Testing

Testing

  • AYP

    • 1% sit out

  • Alternative Assessments

  • High Stakes


Example questions

Example Questions


Role of the special educator

Role of the Special Educator

Before and After No Child Left Behind


Nclb and the speducator

NCLB and the Speducator

  • More Consulting / Less Teaching

  • Overall + effect

    • Results in more inclusion

    • Results in more collaboration


More of a consultant

More of a Consultant

  • GenEducatorsmay need SpEd strategies to raise test scores (Neel, 2006)

  • NCLB mandates that students learn from highly qualified (not SpEd)


More inclusion

More Inclusion

  • Same Access, Same Teacher, Same Test

    • So- Same Classroom?

      • (Handler, 2006; Paulsen, 2008)


Collaboration is a joy

Collaboration is a Joy!

Speducator

Gen Educator


More collaboration

More Collaboration

  • NCLB calls for Shared Responsibility

    • For gen-ed content and common assessments

    • SpEd students are spending LESS time in SpEd classrooms (more time in gen ed).

Percentage of special-ed children who spend more than 60% of their day outside a regular classroom


More collaboration1

More Collaboration…

  • GenEducators need Speducators to meet strict NCLB standards

    • Help to work with struggling students (Handler, 2006)

    • Mutual Interdependency (Neel, 2006)


Collaboration

Collaboration

  • “You have some, I have some, we need each other for the whole” (Neel, 2006)

  • Helps meet the highly qualified standard

    • Both teachers are experts in their own area

  • Collaboration is necessary for success


Successful collaboration

Successful Collaboration

  • Sustained over time

  • Collaborating teachers working towards the same goals

  • Draw on each others expertise

  • Principal being an advocate and allowing time to plan collaboration


Interview response

Interview Response


Interview response 2

Interview Response 2


Position on the issue

Position on the issue

  • We are for the changes that have been implemented for the Special Education Curriculum goals and what the roles of the Special Educators have.

  • We are against the changes that have been implemented for the testing on the Special Education Students.


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