Chapter 4 server installation
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Chapter 4: Server Installation. Learning Objectives. Make advance preparations to install Windows NT 4.0 Server, including listing hardware information and making decisions regarding installation setup parameters Create an emergency repair disk

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Chapter 4: Server Installation

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Chapter 4 server installation

Chapter 4: Server Installation


Learning objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Make advance preparations to install Windows NT 4.0 Server, including listing hardware information and making decisions regarding installation setup parameters

  • Create an emergency repair disk

  • Perform NT Server installation using different methods

  • Troubleshoot installation problems

  • Remove Windows NT Server


Advance preparations

Advance Preparations

  • Information about what hardware components are installed

  • Information about where the operating system files will be installed

  • The name of the server

  • An installed NIC


Server hardware components

Server Hardware Components

  • Compile a list of hardware component information

  • Record the basic input/output system (BIOS) configuration settings

  • Make sure you have most up-to-date drives for hardware (SCSI adapters, RAID drives, NIC, CD-ROM drives)

  • If installing on SMP, obtain most recent copy of the Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL)


Server hardware component information form

Server Hardware Component Information Form


Making decisions in advance

Making Decisions in Advance

  • How to partition the disk(s)

  • What file system(s) to use

  • Where system files will be located

  • What the server name will be

  • What the password for the Administrator account will be

  • What protocol(s) will be selected

  • What the domain name will be

  • How the server will function


Disk partition selection

Disk Partition Selection

  • Partitioning: A process in which a hard disk section or a complete hard disk is set up for use by an operating system

    • Makes one drive act like several smaller disks

    • Partitions generally are drive letters (C:, D:, etc.).

  • Formatting: An operation that marks small disk sections (blocks or tracks and sectors) for use by a specific file system


  • Dual boot system

    Dual Boot System

    • Dual-boot system: A computer set up to boot from two or more different operating systems, such as Windows NT Server and MS-DOS

      • Take filesystems into account

        • ex. MS-DOS can’t read NTFS without special software


    Nt server file systems

    NT Server File Systems

    • NTFS recommended over FAT file system

      • Offers best security, performance, and file handling for network users

      • Offers logging and file compression


    File location and nt directory name

    File Location and NT Directory Name

    • Critical with dual-boot system

      • Use separate directory for each operating system

    • System files in root directory of boot disk in folder called \winnt (default)

      • Other people may support server

      • NT software utilities anticipate Winnt folder


    Server name guidelines

    Server Name Guidelines

    • Relatively short and easy to type

    • Descriptive of server’s function or reflective of organization that uses it

    • Easy to remember and use

    • Not already used by another network computer


    Administrator account password

    Administrator Account Password

    • Select a password that is difficult to guess

    • Avoid using information that can be identified with you

    • Use a long password (Windows NT Server accepts up to 14 characters)


    Protocol selection

    Protocol Selection

    • NetBEUI

      • Small nonrouted networks of under 200

    • TCP/IP

      • Larger or routed network

      • Internet connectivity

    • Client Service for NetWare (CSNW) and NWLink

      • Gateway to NetWare


    Server domains

    Server Domains

    • Used to identify users, check their authorizations, and give access to resources

    • Simplify server management

    • Consist of clients and resources

      • Clients: User accounts and user groups

      • Resources: File servers, print servers, etc. used by clients

    • Can support as many as 40,000 objects, 26,000 users, and 250 groups


    Server functions

    Server Functions

    • Primary domain controller (PDC)

    • Backup domain controller (BDC)

    • Member server

    • Standalone server


    Primary domain controller pdc

    Primary Domain Controller (PDC)

    • Acts as the master server when there are two or more NT servers on a network

    • Holds the master database (called the security accounts manager, or SAM) of user accounts and access privileges


    Backup domain controller bdc

    Backup Domain Controller (BDC)

    • Acts as a backup to the primary domain controller

    • Has a copy of the SAM database containing user account and access privilege information

    • Offers fault tolerance


    Backing up the pdc with bdcs

    Backing Up the PDC with BDCs

    PDC

    BDC

    BDC

    BDC

    Primary SAM Backup SAM Backup SAM Backup SAM

    Domain resources


    Member servers and standalone servers

    Member Servers and Standalone Servers

    • Member servers

      • No account logon verification

      • Used as a special-purpose server, such as a database server

    • Standalone servers

      • Not part of an existing domain

      • ex., for testing, or personal use, etc.


    Creating an emergency repair disk erd

    Creating an Emergency Repair Disk (ERD)

    • Created when you install Windows NT and updated after the installation

    • Contains repair, diagnostic, and backup information in case there is a problem with Windows NT


    Content of the erd

    Content of the ERD


    Installation options

    Installation Options

    • Floppy disk and CD-ROM

    • Network installation

    • Network Client Administrator installation

    • Unattended installation


    Command line switches for winnt exe winnt32 exe

    /?

    /B

    /E:command

    /F

    /I:initialization filename

    /O

    /OX

    /R:folder

    /RX:folder

    /S:drive:\folder/S:\\server\share\folder

    /T:drive\folder

    /U:script file

    /X

    Command-line Switches for WINNT.EXE & WINNT32.EXE


    Floppy disk and cd rom installation

    Floppy Disk and CD-ROM Installation

    • One of most common ways to start Windows NT Server setup

      • Three floppies containing bare-bones system

      • CD holds remainder of system, more drivers, etc.

      • Can make boot floppies from CD on another machine (handy!)


    Network installation

    Network Installation

    • Enable installation from a shared network directory on another computer

    • Useful if your computer lacks CD-ROM drive

    • Useful if you operate a large network and plan to implement many NT servers

    • Fast and consistent


    Network client administrator installation

    Network Client Administrator Installation

    • Enables installation even if prospective server computer has no operating system

    • Boot floppy contains just enough of the OS to be able to get on the network and get the rest


    Unattended installation

    Unattended Installation

    • Usually performed over the network

    • Enables specification of a set of parameters before installation begins

      • Answer file

      • Uniqueness database file (UDF)

    • Not recommended for creating servers; saves time when setting up multiple Windows NT workstations


    Stepping through an installation floppy disk and cd rom

    Stepping Through an Installation (Floppy Disk and CD-ROM)

    • Part 1

      • Character-based Setup screens

    • Part 2

      • Graphical display using Windows-based dialog boxes


    Installation part 1 text based

    Installation Part 1 (Text-based)

    • Detects hardware

      • Loads installation files onto the computer

      • Asks about disk partitioning/formatting choices

      • May require disk from peripheral manufacturer for special drivers


    Installation part 2 graphical

    Installation Part 2 (Graphical)

    • Enables configuration of information specific to the server

      • Registration information

      • Server name

      • Server type

      • NIC setup


    Troubleshooting installation problems preventive steps

    Troubleshooting Installation Problems: Preventive Steps

    • Purchase a processor and hardware components that are on Microsoft’s HCL

    • Test hardware before installing Windows NT

    • Compile and record information about hardware components and BIOS setup

    • Run comprehensive test of hard disk


    Problems with hardware drivers or actual hardware

    Problems with Hardware Drivers or Actual Hardware

    • Setup did not find any mass storage devices on the computer or there is an inaccessible boot drive

    • There is a disk error on one of the three floppy setup disks

    • A problem is reported with HAL.DLL

      • Especially on multiprocessor systems

  • The installation fails when installing the network components

  • continued


    Problems with hardware drivers or actual hardware1

    Problems with Hardware Drivers or Actual Hardware

    • A problem is reported with NTOSKRNL.EXE

    • A device driver is not available in Setup for a given component

      • May be able to install OS and install device driver later

  • A STOP message appears during the installation

    • Can be tough to diagnose


  • Uninstalling windows nt server

    Uninstalling Windows NT Server

    • Necessary when new server hardware is purchased and you want to pass along the old hardware to someone else

      • licensing restriction, anti-piracy

    • In essence, simply blow away the contents of the drive

      • re-format, re-partition, or combination

      • …making sure you save user data first.


    Chapter summary

    Chapter Summary

    • With advance preparation, installation of Windows NT 4.0 Server is likely to be trouble-free.

      • Record information about server hardware

      • Have current drivers for hardware in the server

    continued


    Chapter summary1

    Chapter Summary

    • Make important decisions before you start the installation.

      • Disk partition selection

      • File system

      • File location and directory name

      • Names for the server and its domain

      • Administrator account password

      • Protocol selection

      • Emergency Repair Disk (ERD)

    continued


    Chapter summary2

    Chapter Summary

    • Select appropriate installation method.

      • Floppy disks and CD-ROM

      • Network installation

      • Network Client Administrator installation

      • Unattended installation


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