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BIOSIS Previews (BP) 检索. BIOSIS Previews. 美国生物科学信息服务社出版世界上最大的有关生命科学的文摘和索引数据库。 对应印刷出版物是 Biological Abstracts 、 Biological Abstracts/RRM 和 BioResearch Index 。 收录 100 多个国家和地区的 5500 多种期刊和 165000 多条会议文献、 20000 多篇综述、 28000 条专利、 17000 多条图书或图书章节的记录。年递增 28 万条记录。. 出版形式 :. BA Printed Products

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Biosis previews bp

BIOSIS Previews (BP)检索


Biosis previews

BIOSIS Previews

  • 美国生物科学信息服务社出版世界上最大的有关生命科学的文摘和索引数据库。

  • 对应印刷出版物是Biological Abstracts、Biological Abstracts/RRM和BioResearch Index。

  • 收录100多个国家和地区的5500多种期刊和165000多条会议文献、20000多篇综述、28000条专利、17000多条图书或图书章节的记录。年递增28万条记录。


Biosis previews bp

出版形式:

  • BA Printed Products

    印刷版(文摘型检索工具)

    1926年创刊,

    由美国生物科学信息服务社(BIOSIS)出版

    主要概念标题等级表-正文-索引(期、卷索引)

  • CD-ROM 光盘数据库

  • On-line **

    OVID, Web of Knowledge等检索系统的BIOSIS Previews数据库中。


Biosis previews bp

期刊来源地理分布

北美 (31%)

亚洲,澳大利亚

(14%)

中南美洲 (2%)

非洲 (1%)

欧洲和中东 (52%)


Sample article record

Sample Article Record

TI Title: Successful ribavirin therapy for severe adenovirus hemorrhagic cystitis after allogeneic marrow transplant from close HLA donors rather than distant donors.

AU Author, Editor, Inventor: Miyamura-K {a}; Hamaguchi-M; Taji-H; Kanie-T; Kohno-A; Tanimoto-M; Saito-H; Kojima-S; Matsuyama-T; Kitaori-K; Nagafuji-K; Sato-T; Kodera-Y

AD Author Address: {a} First Department of Internal Medicine, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Tsurumai-cho 65, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan

SO Source: Bone-Marrow-Transplantation. March, 2000; 25 (5): 545-548..

PY Publication Year: 2000

DT Document Type: Article

IS ISSN (International Standard Serial Number): 0268-3369

LA Language: English

LS Language of Summary: English

AB Abstract: Intravenous ribavirin was given to nine patients who had developed severe adenovirus-induced hemorrhagic cystitis (AD-HC) which was resistant to conventional therapy or where there was involvement of other organs after allogeneic BMT. Three patients recovered completely from AD-HC, two of whom had been resistant to vidarabine. All three had received sibling BMTs (2 HLA matched, 1 HLA mismatched)………..

AI Abstract Indicator: Y


Sample article record1

Sample Article Record

MC Major Concepts: Infection-; Hematology- (Human-Medicine, Medical-Sciences); Pharmacology-

ST Super Taxa: Adenoviridae-: Animal-Viruses, Viruses-, Microorganisms-; Hominidae-: Primates-, Mammalia-,Vertebrata-, Chordata-, Animalia-

OR Organisms: adenovirus- (Adenoviridae-): pathogen; human- (Hominidae-): patient, adult

TN Taxa Notes: Animal-Viruses; Animals-; Chordates-; Humans-; Mammals-; Microorganisms-; Primates-; Vertebrates-; Viruses-

CB Chemicals and Biochemicals: HLA-; ribavirin-: antiviral-drug

DS Diseases: adenovirus-induced hemorrhagic-cystitis [AD-HC]: urologic-disease, viral-disease

RN CAS Registry Number (R): 36791-04-5: RIBAVIRIN

MQ Methods and Equipment: allogeneic-marrow-transplantation: therapeutic-method

MI Miscellaneous Descriptors: clinical symptoms

AN Accession Number: 200000129172

UD Update Code: 20000425


Biosis previews bp

限制字段

  • 出版年Publication yearpy=2000py>1998py=1998-1999

  • 文献类型Document Type

  • 原文语种Languages

  • 总结语种Summary Languages

  • 文摘标识Abstract Indicator

  • 更新Update


Updates

Updates

  • Quarterly updates on CD

  • Update code为记录加入到数据库的时间

  • 检索示例UD=20001128


Biosis previews bp

查找主题信息

  • Biological Abstracts总体来说是自然语言数据库

  • 查找特定主题时,可以自由使用:

    • 自然文本词(Free text)

    • 截词(Truncation)

    • 缩写(Abbreviations)


Authority file or thesaurus

受控词汇(Authority File or Thesaurus)

  • 受控词汇文件,生物医学专家制作

  • 建立在自然语言基础之上

  • 在BIOSIS网站上可找到www.biosis.org/authorityfile.html


Thesaurus branches

Major Concepts(mc)

Organism(or)

New Taxon modifiers

Fossil modifiers

Super Taxa(st)

Taxa Notes(tn)

Diseases(ds)

Disease modifiers

Parts, Structures, & Systems (ps)

Organ System modifiers

Chemicals & Biochemicals (cb)

Drug modifiers

Sequence Data (sd)

Sequence type modifiers

Geopolitical Location(ge)

Institutions and Organizations (nc)

Institution type modifiers

受控词汇Thesaurus Branches


Biosis previews bp

查找受控词汇

TERM DETAIL FOR: Pharmacology

SCOPE NOTE: The development or use of

drugs for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of

disease in animals and humans includes drug

design, testing and clinical trials, drug

pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics

studies.

Tree 1 of 1: Major Concepts

Major Concept Terms

PharmacologyPharmaceuticalsPharmacognosy


Biosis previews bp

查找主题词字段[TS]

同时查找:

MC (major concepts )

ST (super taxa)

MQ (methods & equipment)

CB (chemicals & biochemicals)

MI (miscellaneous Descriptors )

NC (institutions & organizations)

RN (CAS registry numbers )

DS (diseases)

OR (organism names )

GE (geopolitical location)

SD (sequence data)

IN ( industry)

PS ( parts, structures & systems)

YN ( taxa notes)

TM (time)

NP ( persons) ……


Biosis previews bp

查找主题信息

  • 限制在特定字段的检索:

    Turkey 759 (no field limit)

    Turkey in TS 692 (Title & Subject Terms)

    Turkey in GE 399 (Geopolitical Location)

    Turkey in OR 245 (Organism)


Major concepts

查找宽泛主题Major Concepts

  • 用来代表著者所发表文章的主题内容的受控词汇

  • 使用Authority File确定使用的检索词汇

  • 检索示例:hematology in MC medical sciences in MCpharmacology in MC

  • 字段显示:Infection-; Hematology- (Human-Medicine, Medical-Sciences); Pharmacology-


Parts structures systems

查找特定主题Parts, Structures & Systems

  • 包括大分子水平以上的组成成分(e.g. organ systems, body parts)

  • 受控词汇包括 (Authority File) organ system modifiers

  • 检索示例:digestive-system in PS

  • 字段显示:cerebellum-: nervous-system; liver-tissue: digestive-system, postmortem-


Diseases

查找特定主题Diseases

  • 检索人类,动物,植物疾病,失调或者病理

  • 受控词汇包括(Authority File) controlled disease modifiers

  • 相应的MeSH词将出现在Alternate Indexing field字段中

  • 检索示例:

    viral-disease in DShemorrhagic cystitis in DS [出血性膀胱炎]

  • 字段显示:adenovirus-induced-hemorrhagic-cystitis [AD-HC]: urologic-disease, viral-disease


Alternate indexing

查找特定主题Alternate Indexing

  • MeSH疾病主题词

  • 检索示例:arthritis rheumatoid in ALT[关节炎风湿症]

  • 字段显示:Alternate Indexing: Arthritis,-Rheumatoid-(MeSH)Diseases: Rheumatoid-arthritis: connective- tissue-disease, immune-system-disease


Alternate indexing mesh examples

Alternate Indexing:

Prostatic-neoplasms- (MeSH)

Leukemia-(MeSH); Neoplasms-(MeSH)

BIOSIS Diseases field:

prostate-cancer: neoplastic-disease, reproductive-system-disease/male…

cancer: neoplastic-disease; leukemia: blood-and-lymphatic disease, neoplastic-disease

查找特定主题Alternate Indexing MeSH Examples


Chemicals biochemicals

查找特定主题Chemicals & Biochemicals

  • 化学物质名称与在文章中给出的一致

  • 在受控词汇(Authority File)中,可以找到Drug modifiers

  • 检索示例:ribavirin in CB [病毒唑]

    hla in CB

  • 字段显示:HLA-; ribavirin-: antiviral-drug


Cas registry numbers

查找特定主题CAS Registry Numbers®

  • CAS Registry Numbers对应于化学物质,其后跟有化学物质名称

  • 检索示例:

    36791-04-5 in RN

  • 字段显示:

    36791-04-5: RIBAVIRIN


Methods and equipment

查找特定主题Methods and Equipment

  • 包括文章主要涉及的方法、仪器、科学技术等

  • 使用自由文本词

  • 检索示例: [异源性……]

    allogeneic marrow transplantation in MQtherapeutic method in MQ

  • 字段显示:allogeneic-marrow-transplantation:

    therapeutic-method


Sequence data

查找特定主题Sequence Data

  • Sequence Data 包括数据登记号或其他一些大分子序列信息

  • 受控词汇包括 (Authority File)三种序列类型

  • 检索示例:AF001177 in SD

  • 字段显示:AF001177-: GenBank-, amino-acid-sequence; U89896-: GenBank-, amino-acid-sequence,

    nucleotide-sequence


Time geologic

查找特定主题Time (Geologic)

  • 包括考古学时间,气候、历史、地理的时间阶段

  • 检索示例: Paleozoic in TM [古生代]

  • 字段显示: Cambrian-: Paleozoic-; Devonian-; Ordovician-: Paleozoic-; Silurian- 21st century; 18th century


Geopolitical location

查找特定主题Geopolitical Location

  • 包括国家、大陆、以及动物地理学区域

  • 使用受控词汇(Authority File)确定相应词汇

  • 检索示例:

    Austria in GE

    USA in TS

  • 字段显示:USA- (North-America, Nearctic-Region)Austria- (Europe-, Palearctic-Region)


Person

查找特定主题Person

  • 提供了文章中所提到的人物信息

  • 检索示例:Charles Darwin in NPAlbert Einstein in NP

  • 字段显示:Charles Darwin: biologistAlbert Einstein: inventor


Industry

查找特定主题Industry

  • 包括文章中所涉及的工业类型

  • 检索示例:biotechnology industry in INpharmaceutical industry in IN

  • 字段显示:pharmaceutical industrybiotechnology industry


Institutions organizations

查找特定主题Institutions & Organizations

  • 包括了文章中所涉及的公司或研究单位性质的信息

  • 受控研究单位类型修饰语Controlled Institution Type Modifiers

  • 检索示例:Monsanto in NC

  • 字段显示:Monsanto Company, company/organization


Miscellaneous descriptors

查找特定主题Miscellaneous Descriptors

  • 字段中包括未被添加到特定字段里的短语或词汇

  • 检索示例:clinical symptoms in MI

  • 字段显示:clinical-symptomsimmune-system-activation; Meeting-Abstract


Biosis previews bp

查找生物体有机体

  • 宽泛的生物体群组Super Taxa Taxa NotesBiosystematic Codes

  • 特定生物体OrganismsTitleDescriptors

Controlled Vocabulary(Thesaurus)


Super taxa

查找宽泛的生物体群Super Taxa

  • 高级分类术语允许使用等级名称检索有机体宽泛的类目

  • 使用受控词汇(Authority File)确定适当检索词

  • 检索示例:viruses in SThominidae in ST

  • 字段显示:Adenoviridae-: Animal-Viruses, Viruses-, Microorganisms-; Hominidae-: Primates-, Mammalia-, Vertebrata-, Chordata-, Animalia-


Taxa notes

查找宽泛的生物体群Taxa Notes

  • 生物体宽泛群体的一般名称

  • 使用受控词汇 (Authority File)确定适当的检索词

  • 检索示例:nonhuman mammals in TNhumans in TN

  • 字段显示:Animal-Viruses; Animals-; Chordates-; Humans-; Mammals-; Microorganisms-; Nonhuman-mammals; Primates-; Vertebrates-; Viruses-


Organisms

查找宽泛的生物体群Organisms

  • 包括特定的科技或一般名称,后面跟有高级类目和修饰语

  • 检索示例:human in OR(bottlenose dolphin* OR tursiops truncatus) in ORadenovirus in OR [腺病毒]

  • 字段显示:Adenovirus- (Adenoviridae-): pathogen-; human- (Hominidae-): adult-, patient-bottlenose-dolphin


Organisms1

查找特定的有机体Organisms

  • 非受控修饰语与有机体名称相联系,包括生物体的种族,性别,发育阶段,作用等

  • 用检索符NEAR与修饰语相联系

  • 检索示例:(human NEAR patient) in OR(acarina NEAR new-species) in OR(rat NEAR animal model) in OR

  • 字段显示:Adenovirus- (Adenoviridae-): pathogen-; human- (Hominidae-): adult-, patient-rat- (Muridae-): animal-model; Equus-caballus [horse-] (Equidae-)


Biosis previews bp

生物有机体索引的优点

  • 增强了检索的相关度和准确度

  • 受控词汇 (Authority File)能够检索宽泛的和细致的生物群体

  • 受控词汇(Authority File)有利于查找生物体新型和化石种


Biosis previews bp

查找相关人类信息

  • human in ORhumans in TNHominidae in OR [includes fossil species]

  • 使用恰当的修饰语,如性别,发育阶段等

  • 检索示例:(human NEAR female) in OR

  • 字段显示:human- (Hominidae-): female-, patient-, child-


Biosis previews bp

查找药物与化学物质

  • 使用受控词汇 (Authority File) 确定药物修饰语

  • 使用同义词和其他变化词形拓宽检索范围

  • 使用连字符使检索更加精确

  • 使用登记号


Biosis previews bp

检索实例1

查找有关阿尔茨海默氏病的疾病动物模型文献

  • 提高查全率(animal model* AND alzheimer*) in TS

  • 提高相关性animal model* in OR AND Alzheimer* in DS


Biosis previews bp

检索实例2

查找布洛芬在发烧及头痛应用方面的参考文献

  • 提高覆盖面

    ((IBUPROFEN OR MOTRIN) AND

    ANTIPYRETIC AND ANALGESIC) IN TS

  • 提高相关性(IBUPROFEN OR MOTRIN) NEAR (ANTIPYRETIC AND ANALGESIC) IN CB15687-27-1 in RN AND (antipyretic and analgesic) in CB


Biosis previews bp

检索实例3

查找北太平洋驼背鲸的种群调查研究

  • 最大检索(population studies AND (megaptera novaeangliae or humpback whale*) AND north pacific) in TS

  • 最大相关度population studies in MC AND (megaptera novaeangliae or humpback whale*) in OR AND north pacific in GE


Biosis m edline embase serials

BIOSIS/MEDLINE/EMBASE Serials

BIOSIS vs MEDLINE

BIOSIS vs EMBASE


Biosis m edline embase primary emphasis

BIOSIS/MEDLINE/EMBASEPrimary Emphasis

MEDLINE

Biomedicine:

Clinical Medicine

Experimental Medicine

Nursing

Dentistry

Public Health

Genetics

Toxicology

Pharmacology

Allied Health Sciences

EMBASE

Drug Research & Pharmacology

Human Medicine

Basic Biological Research

Health Policy & Management

Public, Occupational and Environmental Health

Substance Dependence &

Abuse

Psychiatry

Forensic Science

Biomedical Engineering & Instrumentation

BIOSIS

Life science areas:

Agriculture

Biochemistry

Biomedicine

Biotechnology

Botany

Ecology

Environmental Sciences

Genetics

Microbiology

Pharmacology


Biosis m edline embase value added indexing

BIOSIS/MEDLINE/EMBASEValue added indexing

BIOSIS

Relational Indexing

Controlled & natural language keywords

Broad subject

Broad organism group

Supertaxa

EMBASE

Hierarchical tree

Drug indexing Trade names Manufacturer names Routes of administration Clinical Trials

MEDLINE

Hierarchical medical tree

Topical subheadings

Check tags


Biosis previews bp

重点:

  • 掌握EMBASE特征检索及其他各种字段。

  • 熟悉疾病关联词、药物关联词。

  • 熟悉EMTREE的组成。

  • 熟悉BA的Authority File的构成.

  • 掌握其主要字段(TS)中包含的字段。

  • 区别BA,MEDLINE与EM


Biosis previews bp

练习题

分别用MEDLINE、BA、EMBASE数据库检索以下题目,并比较检索方法与结果的不同之处。

1.检索2000年以来有关沙丁胺醇吸入治疗哮喘的综述文献。

2.绿脓杆菌(Pseudomonas Seruginosa)的临床微生物学(Clinical Microbiology)


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