Better responses to youth status offenses november 12 2013
Download
1 / 53

Better Responses to Youth Status Offenses November 12, 2013 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 218 Views
  • Uploaded on

Better Responses to Youth Status Offenses November 12, 2013. MARIE WILLIAMS | Coalition for Juvenile Justice ANNIE SALSICH | Vera Institute of Justice TARA GRIESHOP-GOODWIN | Kentucky Youth Advocates. Photo: Jen Pagonis (_ pidge ). Leads a national movement

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Better Responses to Youth Status Offenses November 12, 2013' - luke-schwartz


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Better responses to youth status offenses november 12 2013

Better Responses to Youth Status OffensesNovember 12, 2013

MARIE WILLIAMS | Coalition for Juvenile Justice

ANNIE SALSICH | Vera Institute of Justice

TARA GRIESHOP-GOODWIN | Kentucky Youth Advocates

Photo: Jen Pagonis (_pidge)


  • Leads a national movement

  • State-based juvenile justice coalitions and organizations (43 members in 33 states)

  • Laws, policies and practices that are fair, equitable and developmentally appropriate for all children, youth and families

Photo: Moriza


  • A nationwide coalition of State Advisory Groups (SAGs) and allies.

  • Dedicated to:

    • preventing children and youth from becoming involved in the courts and

    • upholding the highest standards of care when youth are charged with wrongdoing and enter the justice system. 

Photo: Moriza


Our Speakers

Marie Williams

Acting Executive Director

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

Annie Salsich

Director, Center on Youth Justice

Vera Institute of Justice

Tara Grieshop-Goodwin

Chief Policy Officer

Kentucky Youth Advocates


More Harm Than Good:

Developing National Standards to Address Needs of Youth Charged with Status Offenses

More Harm Than Good:

Developing National Standards to Address Needs of Youth Charged with Status Offenses


Why status offender reform
Why Status Offender Reform?

Major Goals

  • Support CJJ’s longtime formal position on prohibiting detention of status offenders

  • Advance in practice, the policy change we seek in JJDPA reauthorization

  • Promote optimal and evidence-based policies and practices across all states to limit court contact and prevent adjudication and detention of youth at risk of being charged as status offenders


Deinstitutionalization of status offenders dso core requirement of the jjdpa

One of the Original Core Requirements

Youth charged with status offenses (and youth who are alleged to be dependent, neglected or abused) shall not be placed in secure detention or correctional facilities.

Valid Court Order (VCO) Exception - 1984

Youth charged with status offenses who violate a valid court order may be held in a secure juvenile facility for the period allowable by state/local law.

Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders(DSO) Core Requirement of the JJDPA


Is the valid court order exception still used

The nation is divided:

In all, 28 states and territories prohibit or choose not to use the VCO exception in practice. Of these, 14 have state laws citing prohibitions.

In 2008, 27 of 55 states recorded allowable uses of the VCO exception as part of their JJDPA compliance efforts.

Additionally:

Wyoming is the only state that does not participate in the JJDPA – appears to lock-up many status offenders.

Some non-VCO states are struggling with JJDPA compliance due to detentions of minors in possession of alcohol.

Is the Valid Court Order Exception still used?


Is the valid court order exception still used1

Approx. 9,850 VCO-related detention orders are issued annually in the 27 jurisdictions.

Typically a few courts or jurisdictions are responsible for the VCO-related detention orders.

According to OJJDP data from 2007-2008, nearly 60% of all such VCOs occur in 3 states: Arkansas, Kentucky and Washington.

Is the Valid Court Order Exception still used?


Nationwide concern about status offender detention

When detained, annually in the 27 jurisdictions. there are safety concerns:

Nearly 20% of status offenders are placed in living units with youth who have killed someone;

More than 25% reside with felony sex offenders;

Half participate in programming with youth who have been charged with murder and/or rape.

When detained, there are poor outcomes:

Re-offense rates increase;

School engagement and success are diminished;

Emotional, social, familial and other problems are exacerbated.

Nationwide Concern about Status Offender Detention


Jjdpa reauthorization push to improve outcomes

Phase-out use of the VCO exception annually in the 27 jurisdictions. to the DSO core requirement;

Prohibit detentionof children under the custody of child protection/child welfare agencies;

Place strict limits on lengths of stayin secure detention for all non-delinquent youth, including status offenders;

Provide funds to enrich the continuum of servicesfor community based and/or family-connected care for status offenders.

JJDPA Reauthorization Push to Improve Outcomes


Broad consensus to eliminate all detention for youth charged with status offenses

OJJDP at the U.S. Department of Justice annually in the 27 jurisdictions.

U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee (x2 in legislation)

CJJ, NCJFCJ and more than 380 organizations, including:

The American Bar Association

American Probation and Parole Association

Council of Juvenile Correctional Administrators

Fight Crime Invest in Kids

National PTA

Broad Consensus to Eliminate ALL Detention for Youth Charged with Status Offenses


National state and local trends support deinstitutionalization

Preventing non-delinquent children from entering locked facilities where they are housed with more serious offenders;

Reducing out of home placements and incarceration of youth charged with delinquent offenses;

Reducing reliance on secure custody for the full range of juvenile offenders, with community supervision and case management approaches: therapeutic, educational and/or skill-building components;

Family and community-connected services/interventions produce the most positive outcomes for youth development and community safety.

National, State and Local Trends Support Deinstitutionalization


States leading the charge to avoid detention

Recent efforts in VCO states facilities– such as Alabama, Louisiana, Ohio, Utah and Washington – are cutting VCOs by 50% or more with practice changes and alternatives to detention.

Other states have enacted legislative changes to move status offenders away from the delinquency system, such as Connecticut, Georgia, New York and Pennsylvania.

States Leading the Charge to Avoid Detention


Overview the sos project
Overview: The SOS Project facilities

  • Three Core Strategies

    • Promote and support judicial leadership

    • Developtools and information to support change

    • Identify, assess and/or develop model policy


Partners
Partners facilities

  • Public Welfare Foundation

  • NCJFCJ and NCJJ

  • Vera Institute of Justice


Judicial leadership strategy
Judicial Leadership Strategy facilities

  • Identify and elevate examples of judicial leadership on the use of alternatives to court involvement and detention for youth with unmet needs who are charged with status offenses.

  • Provide peer-to-peer support opportunities for judges seeking alternatives to confinement.

  • Distill lessons from judicial leaders on DSO.


Positive power
Positive Power facilities

  • Profiled Examples of Judicial Leadership on DSO

  • Focus on:

  • Demand for evidence-based approaches

  • Balancing of interests

  • Reliance on partnerships

  • Use of judicial convening power


Model policy strategy
Model Policy Strategy facilities

  • Identify and develop state statutes that effectively divert youth and families from court and confinement and toward family- and community-based services.

  • Analyze, contextualize and measure the effectiveness of current state statutes in achieving the goals of DSO and producing optimal outcomes for youth, families and communities.


National standards development process
National Standards Development Process facilities

  • Phase I - Convening expert advisory group in a consultative role to develop standards for practice.

    • Includes stakeholders from various points of contact with the JJ system, SAG members, representatives from schools, child welfare and law enforcement.

  • Phase II - Developing the standards for addressing the needs of youth charged with status offenses without court involvement.

  • Phase III – Comment and Dissemination to broaden and solidify buy-in and begin to promulgate the Standards in the field.


Promoting the use and sustainability of standards
Promoting the Use and Sustainability of Standards facilities

Goal #1

State level change in practice.

Goal #2

State level change in policy.

Goal #3

Ground-up support for federal restoration of the original DSO core requirement, i.e. elimination of the valid court order exception.


Overview of the national standards
Overview of the National Standards facilities

  • Introduction

  • Section I: Principles for Responding to

    Status Offenses

  • Section II: Efforts to Avoid Court Involvement

  • Section III: Efforts to Limit Court Involvement

  • Section IV: Policy and Legislative Implementation

  • Section V: Definitions


Introduction to the national standards
Introduction to the National Standards facilities

  • History of status offenses

  • Overview of recent understanding about status offenses as sometimes symptomatic of complex needs

  • History of DSO core requirement, the VCO and state response


Section i
Section I facilities

Principles for Responding to Status Offenses

12 key principles to which professionals can adhere to

protect youth and family well-being. The principles

acknowledge and address the individual, familial and

community contexts in which status offenses may

occur, and underlie all subsequent standards.


Section ii
Section II facilities

Efforts to Avoid Court Involvement

Discusses key principles and practices to shape how education, social service, child welfare, runaway and homeless youth, mental/behavioral health, law enforcement and juvenile justice systemsshould first respond to youth and families at risk and in need of immediate assistance. It offers examples of early intervention services that will help the child and family avoid court involvement.


Section iii
Section III facilities

Efforts to Limit Court Involvement

Focuses on judicial, legal and other professionals working within the court system, with guidance about how to use the court’s powers to ensure the proper services are implemented while avoiding deeper court involvement. Provides specific guidance at various stages of the case to ensure best outcomes for youth and families.


Section iv
Section IV facilities

Legislative, Administrative and Budgetary Policies

Proposes legislative, administrative and budgetary principles and policies that relevant authorities can promote and adopt to reform their current status offense responder systems, and support implementation of the National Status Offense Standards proposed in previous sections.


Section v
Section V facilities

Definitions

Common terms referred to in the Standards.


Beyond Courts to Communities: Better Ways of Responding to Status Offenses November 12, 2013Annie SalsichDirectorCenter on Youth Justice

November 11, 2013


Presentation outline

  • Why Status Offenses status offense reform

  • What system change looks like on the ground

  • How practitioners, policy makers, and advocates can access information, support, and guidance in this area

Presentation Outline


Why status offense reform

  • In 2010, juvenile courts across the country processed 137,000 status offense cases.

  • In 36% of these cases, the most serious allegation was truancy – that’s nearly 50,000 kids taken to court for skipping school.

  • Despite the noncriminal nature of these behaviors, youth in approximately 10,400 cases spent time in detention.

  • In 6,100 cases the court disposition was a longer-term placement in a residential facility .  

Why Status Offense Reform


Why status offense reform1

  • Courts often over-burdened 137,000 status offense cases.

    • Lack of immediate and appropriate crisis response

  • High financial and social cost of the juvenile justice system, particularly for non-criminal behavior

  • More effective alternatives

Why Status Offense Reform


What system change looks like

  • A new paradigm has been emerging in many jurisdictions: 137,000 status offense cases.

    • Connect struggling families with social services in their communities, instead of turning to courts.

  • The MacArthur Foundation supported and encouraged this shift in its Models for Change initiative.

  • Vera has provided technical assistance and research support to more than 30 jurisdictions across the country in this area since 2001.

What System Change Looks Like


What system change looks like1

What System Change Looks Like


What system change looks like2

Three Examples from the Field: 137,000 status offense cases.

  • Florida

  • Calcasieu Parish, LA

  • New York State

What System Change Looks Like


Florida

  • Impetus for Change: 137,000 status offense cases.

    • Growing recognition that courts and detention were inappropriate for serving runaways and other youth who had not committed crimes

    • Passage of Runaway Youth and Family Act in 1983 created a statewide task force to plan a new system

  • Goal:

    • To strengthen the continuum of services that would serve troubled teens and their families in their communities

  • Reform Champion:

    • Legislature has been a key champion in the reform movement

Florida


Florida cont

  • Reforms: 137,000 status offense cases.

    • Department of Juvenile Justice contracts with Florida Network of Youth and Family Services to oversee FINS/CINS programs

    • Youth/families can access immediate services from over 30 sites statewide

    • Strong emphasis on quality assurance and accountability

  • Outcomes:

    • 91% of the 14,847 youth served from 2011-2012 were crime free six months after services

    • A 2011 cost effective evaluation found that Florida Network early interventions saved the state $160 million

Florida (cont)


Calcasieu parish lousiana

  • Impetus for Change: 137,000 status offense cases.

    • Concern about the long length of time between referral and the development of a service plan for FINS youth

  • Goals:

    • To link youth and families to needed services in the community and facilitate immediate access to those services

  • Reform Champion:

    • Calcasieu’s Children and Youth Planning Board (CYPB) took the lead in planning the MARC

      • Engaged in a comprehensive planning process, which included reviewing FINS data, surveying youth and providers, and visiting model sites

Calcasieu Parish, Lousiana


Calcasieu parish cont

  • Reforms: 137,000 status offense cases.

    • Launched the Multi-Agency Resource Center (MARC), a central point of intake for FINS and delinquent youth

    • Emphasis on data tracking and review of case processing times

  • Outcomes:

    • In 2011 (first year of MARC operation), less than 1 percent of referrals resulted in a court petition

    • Time between intake and service plan development has dropped dramatically, from 50 days to 2 hours

    • Since 2006, no youth have been committed to the Office of Juvenile Justice on FINS charges

Calcasieu Parish (cont)


New york state

  • Impetus for Change: 137,000 status offense cases.

    • 2001 increase in age of jurisdiction raised concern about increases in court cases and high costs associated with non-secure detention and placement and spurred a closer look at the system as a whole.

  • Goals:

    • To examine how localities were using the status offense system and find effective alternatives to juvenile justice involvement.

  • Reform Champion:

    • The New York State Office of Children and Family Services contracted with the Vera Institute to conduct a study and provide technical assistance to 23 counties over a 3-year period.

New York State


New york state cont

  • Reforms: 137,000 status offense cases.

    • Localities across the state set out to (1) divert more PINS youth from the court system and into supportive services in the community and (2) develop community-based alternatives to non-secure detention and placement.

    • Legislative change in 2005 to further encourage the use of court alternatives.

  • Outcomes:

    • Between 2003 and 2012, the state saw a 70% decrease in PINS court petitions.

New York State (cont.)


How to access guidance in this area

  • Vera’s on-line Status Offense Reform Center 137,000 status offense cases.

    • Funded and supported by the MacArthur Foundation, as part of its National Resource Center Partnership.

    • Aims to help policymakers and practitioners create effective, community-based responses for keeping youth who commit status offenses out of the juvenile justice system and safely in their homes and communities.

    • Will go live in December – www.statusoffensereform.org

How to access guidance in this area


Status offense reform center

  • Toolkit 137,000 status offense cases.

    • Step-by-step guide outlining how to undertake a status offense reform effort

  • Library

    • Central repository of information related to status offense behaviors, system responses, and reform efforts

  • SORC Products

    • Notes from the Field

    • Research Briefs

  • Other Features

    • Webinars

    • Podcasts/Videos

    • Blogs

Status Offense Reform Center


Kentucky progress on status offenses creating environment for reform

Kentucky Progress on Status Offenses: Creating Environment for Reform

Tara Grieshop-Goodwin

Kentucky Youth Advocates


Youth locked up for status offenses
Youth locked up for status offenses for Reform

From 2nd to

4th highest

among

50 states

Data reported by Coalition for Juvenile Justice


Use of secure detention has dropped in recent years for status offenses
Use of secure detention has dropped in recent years for status offenses

Data from Department of Juvenile Justice and Louisville Metro Youth Detention Services


Strategies for creating change
Strategies for creating change status offenses

  • Showing the numbers

  • Media work

  • The message


Publishing the numbers
Publishing the numbers status offenses

  • Numbers of bookings by

  • county

  • Estimated cost by county


Media coverage
Media coverage status offenses


The message
The message status offenses

  • Avoiding jargon

  • Public safety

  • Cost of secure detention

  • Offering a solution


Starting to see success
Starting to see success status offenses

  • Family court rules of law

  • Local initiatives

  • Task Force developing recommendations


Questions
Questions? status offenses

Tara Grieshop-Goodwin

Chief Policy Officer

Kentucky Youth Advocates

[email protected]

502-895-8167 x118


Contact Info status offenses

Marie Williams

Acting Executive Director

Coalition for Juvenile Justice

[email protected]

202-467-0864, ext. 113

Annie Salsich, Director

Center for Youth Justice

Vera Institute of Justice

[email protected]

(212) 376-3169

Tara Grieshop-Goodwin

Chief Policy Officer

Kentucky Youth Advocates

[email protected]

502-895-8167 x118

www.njjn.org

www.juvjustice.org


ad