The challenge and strength of rock lobster governance in new zealand
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The Challenge and Strength of Rock Lobster Governance in New Zealand. Tracy Yandle Emory University [email protected] Tracy. Thank You’s. New Zealand Rock Lobster Industry Council Daryl Sykes (NZ RLIC) Helen Regan (NZ RLIC) University Research Committee (Emory University). Overview.

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Presentation Transcript

Tracy
Tracy Zealand


Thank you s
Thank You’s Zealand

  • New Zealand Rock Lobster Industry Council

  • Daryl Sykes (NZ RLIC)

  • Helen Regan (NZ RLIC)

  • University Research Committee (Emory University)


Overview
Overview Zealand

  • Fishery Description

  • History of Rock Lobster Management

    • Regulatory Summary

    • Key Events in Developing Co-Management

    • Why Co-Management Developed

  • Organization of Rock Lobster Co-Management

  • Effects of Rock Lobster Co-Management

  • Lessons

  • Challenges


Fishery description
Fishery Description Zealand

  • Small vessels (potting) fishing into large processing & export companies

  • 3rd largest seafood export

  • ITQ management supplemented with co-management


History rock lobster regulatory summary
History: Rock Lobster ZealandRegulatory Summary




Why did co management develop
Why Did Co-Management Develop? Zealand

  • Social Capital

    • Tradition of involvement in fishery

    • Involvement institutionalized through government’s and fishers’ actions

  • Property Rights

    • ITQs expanding perception property rights

    • Provided incentive to take on management responsibilities


Organization of rock lobster co management 1
Organization of Rock Lobster Co-Management (1) Zealand

  • 9 CRAMACs

    • regional organizations

    • Heart of rock lobster co-management

    • Characteristics vary by region

      • Membership & voting rules

      • Pressure & interactions from other interests

      • Activities

    • Develop own projects and cooperate with NZ RLIC projects


Organization of rock lobster co management 2
Organization of Rock Lobster ZealandCo-Management (2)

  • Rock Lobster Industry Council (NZ RLIC)

    • CRAMACs appoint representatives to NZ RLIC board

    • Voting and contribution proportionate to regional TACC

    • Funded through levy

    • Provides representation, technical assistance, & coordination to CRAMACs

    • Research provider to Ministry of Fisheries

  • New Zealand Seafood Industry Council (SeaFIC)

    • Stakeholder groups (e.g., NZ RLIC) are shareholders

    • Provides generic advice and advocacy for seafood industry

    • Employs research scientists who contract with NZ RLIC for stock assessment research


Effects of co management
Effects of Co-Management Zealand

  • Outputs

    • Catch is down

    • CPUE is up

    • Stock is sustainable (given uncertainty)

    • BUT – what is effect of ITQ vs co-management???

  • Management Process

    • Increased participation by fishers and industry

    • Documented at national and regional levels

    • Participation in rule-making increases compliance & robustness of regime


Lessons
Lessons Zealand

  • Development of co-management was long-term process

  • Social capital AND property rights vital

  • Long-term policies encouraging these characteristics may be more useful than quick regulatory change in a vacuum


Challenges
Challenges Zealand

  • Separation of catching rights from ownership rights

  • Need to define ALL extractors’ rights

  • Both issues threaten incentives to participate in co-management


Questions
Questions? Zealand


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