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Pump Aid and the Elephant Pump programme. For MUS. Pump Aid and the Elephant Pump programme. Introducing Pump Aid The Elephant Pump Multiple Use Partnership Approach Challenges of Scaling Up Innovative Funding. History of Pump Aid. Pilot scheme 100 Elephant Pumps starts 1998

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Pump Aid and the Elephant Pump programme

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Pump aid and the elephant pump programme

Pump Aid andthe Elephant Pump programme


Pump aid and the elephant pump programme1

Pump Aid andthe Elephant Pump programme

  • Introducing Pump Aid

  • The Elephant Pump

  • Multiple Use

  • Partnership Approach

  • Challenges of Scaling Up

  • Innovative Funding

History of pump aid

History of Pump Aid

  • Pilot scheme 100 Elephant Pumps starts 1998

  • Ministry approval & UK charity status Oct 1999

  • Nearly 4,000 pumps and a million beneficiaries

  • Pump Aid invited to assist 21 African countries

  • Winners of St Andrews Environment Prize 2005

  • Malawi pilot launched by Vice-President 2005

  • Winners of World Bank Dev Marketplace 2006

Who are pump aid

Who are Pump Aid?

  • A million Elephant Pump users

  • Southern Based NGO with UK presence

  • 132 staff in Zimbabwe and Malawi

  • Professor Anthony Butterworth FRS

  • Shungu Munyati (Nat Instit Health Res)

  • Martha Rukuni ACA MBA

  • Ian Thorpe (International Director)

How is an elephant pump built

How is an Elephant Pump built?

Prior to pump installation a self-filtering well is dug up to 30 metres depth. The well is lined with bricks or concrete rings with the top section sealed and sand backfilled.

Features of the elephant pump

Features of the Elephant Pump

  • Low initial inclusive cost per pump and per beneficiary

  • Five times cheaper than piston pumps (inclusive costs)

  • Ease of maintenance by the pump owner at extremely low cost

  • Sustainable and suitable for the most remote and poor areas

  • High extraction rates of about one litre per second

  • Far less energy used to lift a certain volume of water

  • Suitable for children and the elderly, safe and enjoyable to use

  • Adaptable design with a fallback extraction option (bucket)

  • Yields high water quality, excludes sources of contamination

  • Suitable for dry-season garden irrigation and when rains fail

  • Built and maintained using only locally available materials

Features of the elephant pump1

Features of the Elephant Pump

  • Beneficiaries contribute bricks, sand and some labour

  • Sense of ownership, due to involvement in construction

  • Culturally sensitive design which can be repaired by women

  • Extraction of water possible up to 30 metres depth

  • Powered by renewable energy (hand /pedal power)

  • Can be adapted to use solar or wind power if required

  • Combined with self-cleaning hand dug well design

  • Can easily be deepened should the water table fall

  • Elephant pump is self cleaning, so cannot get clogged up

  • No danger of children or animals falling in as fully enclosed

  • Spare parts eg rope can be made by the beneficiaries

Examples of agricultural usage

Examples of Agricultural Usage

  • Vegetable production

  • Fruit trees and nurseries

  • Livestock and fish

  • Medicinal herbs

  • Dry spell irrigation

  • School nutrition gardens (bicycle)

Innovations in sanitation

Innovations in Sanitation

  • “One bag toilet” - re-usable materials

  • Culturally sensitive school toilet designs

  • Urine diversion: fertiliser, pit life-span

  • Avoiding deforestation - wet mud bricks, no need to boil water, tree planting

  • Hand-washing facilities, natural soap

  • Health and Hygiene Education

  • Maintenance and Sustainability

Impact on livelihoods

Impact on Livelihoods

  • Income generation

  • Time saved for productive activities

  • Reduced days lost to illness

  • Increased agric knowledge base

  • Child headed households

  • School attendance

  • Home based care

A partnership approach

A Partnership Approach

Pump Aid works in partnership with:

  • A million Pump Users, Community Leaders

  • Other Non-Governmental Organisations (IDE CARE, OXFAM, CAFOD, PLAN, World Vision)

  • Training of NGOs and Social Enterprises (WISH)

  • District Councils (water/sanitation committees)

  • Governments (DFID, Ed, Health, Agric etc)

  • Schools and Clinics (200 school clusters)

The tipping point

The Tipping Point

Over a million people now use the Elephant Pump every day

Successful partnership programmes with well recognized organisations

Expansion plans over five years

Expansion Plans over five years

  • 32,000 Elephant Pumps in Africa

  • School cluster, child-centred approach

  • 8 million with clean productive water, food security, 5 million trees planted, livestock

  • 4 million people with improved sanitation

  • Seeding and training in other countries

  • Propagation through training partnerships

  • Monitoring of SE and NGO trainees



  • Monitoring impact (BRTI, PAL, WB etc)

  • Integration of Multiple Use (agric training, sanitation with hygiene education)

  • Multiple Use perceptions

  • Overcoming sense of threat

  • Working with Governments (Zim)

  • Sharing Experiences

  • Raising Funds for Expansion

Exponential expansion

Exponential Expansion

Exponential expansion of a successful project brings its own challenges:

Number of pumps being installed every month: 2005 (20), 2006 (50) 2007 (120) 2008 (250)

Other NGOs being trained so that they can build their own Elephant Pumps eg World Vision

Maintaining standards is a huge challenge

Sharing experiences

Sharing Experiences

  • DFID UK/Harare (TLC) and British Embassies

  • Int Centre for Water and Sanitation (IRC)

  • Poverty Action Lab, St Andrews Prize

  • Website, E-conferences, through partners

  • Rural Water Supply Network, BRTI, NIHR

  • HIDC, CFA, World Water Day events

  • Field days (eg 12 NGO visits this month)

  • MUS Group and other working groups

Pump aid and the elephant pump programme

  • World Bank Prize – Selected from 2,500 water and sanitation projects from 254 countries

Innovative funding

Innovative Funding

Pump aid and the elephant pump programme

  • Launched 22nd March

  • Sold over 2 million bottles

  • Over £250K for Pump Aid

  • A life in your hands

  • Drop for Drop?

  • One litre = 100,000 litres


Pump aid and the elephant pump programme



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