constitutionalism republics
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Constitutionalism & Republics

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Constitutionalism & Republics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Constitutionalism & Republics. APEH, chapter 16. Bellringer. On a separate sheet of paper… Summarize how the Netherland’s gained their independence List four things you know about the development of England. Golden Age of Dutch Republic.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Constitutionalism & Republics' - luke-nichols

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
  • On a separate sheet of paper…
    • Summarize how the Netherland’s gained their independence
    • List four things you know about the development of England
golden age of dutch republic
Golden Age of Dutch Republic
  • United Provinces of Netherlands became core of modern Dutch state in 1581
    • Officially recognized in Treaty of Westphalia in 1648
    • Wealthy thanks to Atlantic trade
  • With independence came internal dissension
    • Each province had a stadholder(official) responsible for leading an army and attending States General
    • States General-weakened during wars with France & England
  • 17th Century wars saw economic decline for Dutch
how did dutch spend new wealth
How did Dutch spend new wealth?
  • Amsterdam made money from fishing and transporting other countries’ goods
    • Fluyt-shallowdraft ship of large capacity
  • Amsterdam became commercial capital of Europe
    • Built canals
    • Tall, narrow fronted houses along canals
    • Became crossroads
  • Manufacturers, shipyard owners, merchants became top society
    • Wealthy burghers began to shed Calvinist ways by end of 17th century
  • Elizabeth died with no heir
    • Mary Queen of Scots (Elizabeth’s cousin) was put to death for trying to overthrow Elizabeth
    • Her son was King of Scotland (James I)
  • James I (1603-1625)
    • First Stuart to rule
    • Believed firmly in DIVINE RIGHT and ABSOLUTE MONARCHY
    • Trouble with Parliament
      • Country in debt, viewed as “outsider” from Scotland
james i
James I
  • Parliament was use to ruling with a “balanced polity”
    • refused to give money to James
  • PURITANS: strict Calvinists demanding further reform from Church of England, take power away from Church officials
      • James I sees Puritans as threat
      • Refuses most requests of reforms
  • Gentry: wealthy landowners, also Puritans and large part of House of Commons
  • Charles I (1625-1649)
    • Popular until marrying a Catholic Princess, Louis XIII’s sister, Henrietta
    • Requested money from Parliament
    • Parliament refuses unless Charles I signs:
      • PETITION OF RIGHT: placed limits on king’s power
        • King can not levy taxes without consent of Parliament
        • Direct Challenge to Absolutism
charles i
Charles I
  • At first he acquiesced
  • Taxed without permission
  • Dismisses Parliament when they become outraged
  • 1629-1640: Charles ruled without Parliament
    • Gentry opposed attempts to raise taxes without parliament
  • Added MORE ritual to church ceremonies- angering puritans
  • 1640: Charles I in debt thanks to rebellions in Scotland
    • Has to reconvene Parliament to ask for money
  • Long Parliament – didn’t disband for 20 years
    • Limitation on royal authority
    • Triennial Act- Parliament must meet at least once every three years
  • Puritans moved to abolish the appointment of bishops in Anglican Church
  • Charles I led troops into House of Commons to arrest Puritan leaders for Treason
    • Already escaped
  • Charles’ intentions shown: to take back power
  • Parliament rises up against king
  • Charles I supported by people
  • 1642: Civil War began!
english civil war 1642 1646
English Civil War (1642-1646)
  • ROYALISTS: nobles who supported king
  • ROUNDHEADS: supporters of Parliament
    • Puritans (New Model Army)
    • Merchants, some upper classes
  • Royalist Army outmatched
    • 1646, surrender
  • Phase Two begins when Charles flees
  • Oliver Cromwell dismisses all Parliament members who disagree with him
    • “Rump Parliament”
  • Rump Parliament tries Charles I for treason
  • Charles refuses to recognize Parliament’s authority
  • 1649: Found guilty, Executed in front of own palace
lord protector cromwell 1649 1653
Lord Protector Cromwell (1649-1653)
  • House of Commons outlaws House of Lords and Monarchy
  • England becomes a Commonwealth
  • Cromwell: “Lord Protector of England, Scotland, Ireland”
    • Demanded complete obedience
    • Levellers-demanded freedom of speech, religious toleration, democratic republic
    • Cromwell dies, son weak leader
    • Parliament reconvenes and vote to bring back monarchy
    • 1660: Parliament invites Charles’ son to be king
restoration charles ii
Restoration & Charles II
  • Charles II (1660-1685)
    • Supported religious toleration
    • Habeas Corpus Act of 1679
      • “may you have body”
      • Guarantees right to appear in court to see if accused should be held or released

Charles being presented the first pineapple grown in England

Columbian Exchange!

    • Charles II brother
    • Had two protestant daughters, Mary and Anne
    • 1688: James and second wife gave birth to a Catholic son!
      • 1688: Nobles invited James’ daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange to become King & Queen
glorious revolution
Glorious Revolution

William and Mary

Had to sign:

ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS: prevents monarchs from levying taxes without Parliament’s consent

Creating a:

CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY: monarchy limited by law

response to revolution
Response to Revolution

Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)

John Locke (1632-1794)

  • Alarmed by revolutionary upheavals
  • Leviathan (1651)
    • people are guided by animalistic interests
    • Government’s role is to be a Leviathan- large sea monster- an absolute, sovereign authority needed to suppress evil
  • Argued against absolute rule
  • Two Treatises of Government
    • Humans have inalienable rights- life, liberty, property
    • Government is meant to protect rights
    • If government doesn’t live up to obligations the People have the right o rebel