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补 语 的种类 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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补 语 的种类. Verb + Complements. Types of Complements. 补语 1 Descriptive: ( VO) + V. + 得 + Adj. 他 说话 说 得 很清楚 。 我上个星期 考试 考 得 很好 。. 补语 2 : Resultative Complements. Verb +. Adjective. Another Verb. Denotes the result of the action. 补语 2 : Resultative Complements. Verb 卖 : action.

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补 语 的种类

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补语的种类

Verb + Complements


Types of Complements


补语1Descriptive: (VO) + V. + 得+ Adj.

  • 他说话说得很清楚。

  • 我上个星期考试考得很好。


补语2:Resultative Complements

Verb +

Adjective

Another Verb

Denotes the result of the action


补语2:Resultative Complements

Verb 卖: action

小白菜卖完了。

Verb 完:result

Babybokchoy is sold out.


补语2:Resultative Complements

Verb 找钱: action

你找钱找错了。

Adjective 错:result

You gave me incorrect change.


补语2:Resultative Complements

Verb 看: action

那个人你看清楚了吗?

Adjective 清楚:result

Did you see clearly on that person?


补语2:Negative FormResultative Complement

A: 那个人我看清楚了。

没(有)

N: 那个人我 ________看清楚。

I didn’t see clearly who that person was.


补语2:Negative FormResultative Complement

Rule: 没有+Verb Phrase

那个人我 没(有)看清楚。

I didn’t see clearly who that person was.


补语3:Potential Complement

学得会

V. + 得+Resultative/directional

学不会

  • V. + 不+Resultative/directional


补语3:Potential Complement

五十个饺子你吃得完吃不完?

太多了,我吃不完。

More examples, see P. 173-175


补语3:Potential Comp vs. Negative form of Resultative Comp

Verb+ 不 +Verb/Adj.

卖不完 (too many)

  • 看不清楚 (poor vision)

    写不对 (too difficult)

Denotes the action didn’t have the result

Denotes that something prohibits the action to be completed

没有 +VerbPhrase

没卖完

没看清楚

没写对


补语 4:Directional Movement

教室

来了

More examples, see P. 185-189


补语4:Common Movement Verbs

  • 走 zǒu

  • 跑 pǎo

  • 开 kāi

  • 飞 fēi

  • 跳 tiào

  • 爬 pá

  • 游 yóu

  • walk

  • run

  • drive

  • fly

  • skip/jump/dance

  • climb

  • swim


补语4:Common Directional Words

  • into

  • at

  • out of

  • pass/go by

  • up

  • down

  • towards

  • return back


补语4:Speaker’s Perspective

  • 来:indicates movement towards the speaker or addressee.

  • 去:indicates movement away from the speaker or addressee.


补语4:Translate …

  • 他走回家去了。

  • 我的钱,他都拿走了。

  • 妹妹拿来了很多东西。

  • 请把你的中文书带来。


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