克隆、干细胞及辅助生殖. 杨增明 厦门大学生命学院. Sperm Motility. Sea Urchin Fertilization: Scanning Electron Microscope. 内容. 克隆 干细胞 辅助生殖. 一、克隆（ clone/cloning ）. “ 克隆 ”一词是来源于英文单词 clone 的音译，其原义是通过无性形式由单个细胞产生的，和亲代非常相象的个体。 克隆动物 （ cloned animal ）是指由一个动物经无性繁殖或孤雌生殖而产生的后代，克隆个体和被克隆个体在遗传上是完全相同的。
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recombinant DNA technology
or DNA cloning
(2) reproductive cloning
(3) therapeutic cloning
(the rat) by using a drug to block the first
a technique they call
delayed oocyte activation.
1. Dr. Severino Antinori: of Italy, who became infamous in 1994 when he helped Rosanna Della Corte, a 63-year-old woman give birth. Plans to use the man's genetic material and the woman's egg (and egg cytoplasm, which contains the woman's mitochondria).
2. Dr. Panos Zavos: of Lexington KY, director of the Andrology Institute of America, and the Kentucky Center for Reproductive Medicine.
3. Dr. Brigitte Boisselier: scientific director of Clonaid, "The First Human Cloning Company" . Founded several years ago by Rael, a spiritual leader of the Raelian Movement, who believes that human life is the result of extraterrestrial genetic experiments.
(embryonic stem cell, ES cell)
(Embryonic germ cells, EG cells)
Establishment in culture of pluripotential cells from mouse embryos.
Martin J. Evans-, Kaufman MH
Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, UK.
Wisconsin Regional Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin
Embryonic stem cell lines derived from human blastocysts
Derivation of pluripotent stem cells from cultured human primordial germ cells
Personalized Stem Cells One Step Closer to RealityResearchers Create Disease-Specific, Individualized Human Stem CellsABC News Medical UnitJuly 31, 2008
Researchers Use Embryonic Stem Cells to Treat DiabetesStudy in Mice Shows Promise; Hurdles RemainBy AUDREY GRAYSONABC News Medical UnitFeb. 20, 2008
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