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STUDY GUIDE AFRICA Chapters 1 & 2 Don’t print this out! It’s too long. View the show. 1. Why is Africa called the plateau continent?. 5 Themes of Geography. most of the land is grassland most of the land is elevated most of the land is pulling apart

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5 themes of geography

1. Why is Africa called the plateau continent?

5 Themes of Geography

most of the land is grassland

most of the land is elevated

most of the land is pulling apart

plateau is French for “eat monkey brains”

5 themes of geography1

2. What is savanna?

5 Themes of Geography

tallest mountain in Africa

an area of semi-desert

grasslands with scattered trees

the girl who sits next to me in art class

5 themes of geography2

3. Why are rainforests threatened?

5 Themes of Geography

deforestation

soil erosion

changing climate

it’s all the monkeys’ fault

5 themes of geography3

4. What do nomads do?

5 Themes of Geography

constantly move in search of food and water

drill for oil

mine for diamonds

never get angry … “no” “mad”

5 themes of geography4

5. What 3 natural resources make the most money for Africans?

5 Themes of Geography

crops

peanuts

minerals

killer bees and Ebola

gold

timber

5 themes of geography5

6. What are serious environmental problems in Africa?

5 Themes of Geography

commercial farming and mining

deforestation and soil erosion

mine for diamonds

ugly hyenas and blizzards

5 themes of geography6

7. What is the problem with African rivers?

5 Themes of Geography

Africa is all desert … there aren’t rivers there

too many waterfalls and rapids

they are too shallow for boats

KILLER HIPPOS!

climate and climate zones

8. Where are the “tropics” located?

between the Equator and the Prime Meridian

between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer

between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn

in Fraser, if you turn up the furnace enough

Climate and Climate Zones

climate and climate zones1

9. List 4 things that affect climate.

elevation

temperature

nearness to large bodies of water

ladders (climb-it)

nearness to large landforms

distance from the Equator

amount of rainfall

Climate and Climate Zones

climate and climate zones2

10. Why is Mt. Kilimanjaro snow covered all year even though it’s near the Equator?

Climate and Climate Zones

Global Cooling

their literacy rate is low

the higher you go, the colder you get

Because there is a big refrigerator inside the mountain.

climate and climate zones3

11. How do farmers prepare for the possibility that there may be heavy or light rainfall in the growing season?

Climate and Climate Zones

They harvest trees in dry years.

They plant a variety of crops.

They install irrigation and drainage systems.

They catch every drop of rain in a bucket.

technology

12. What type of farming is dominant in Africa?

Technology

subsistence

commercial (business / cash crops)

grassland

alligator farming

technology2

14. How do hybrid rice plants help Africa?

Technology

They help diversify the economy.

They need less fertilizer and water.

They produce more food per plant.

With more rice, African students can use it to make art projects in school.

technology3

15. In what industry are ore cars and ventilation shafts used?

Technology

farming

fishing

mining

skateboard construction

unique aspects of culture

16. How are Africans trying to improve their education?

Unique Aspects of Culture

increasing literacy rate

increasing life expectancy

decreasing deforestation

duct taping students to their desks

unique aspects of culture1

17. How does diversifying the economy help Africans?

Unique Aspects of Culture

It makes more food per plant.

It protects them in unstable world markets.

It kills off disease-carrying insects

It lets them eat something besides peanuts every day.

unique aspects of culture2

18. Why do many African countries have a low life expectancy? (choose 3, no jokes here)

Unique Aspects of Culture

diseases

hot climate

unclean drinking water

desertification

lack of automobiles

inability to purchase medicines

memory map

Be able to identify (it’s multiple choice)

Nile R. Atlas Mts.

Niger R. Drakensburg

Zambezi R. Mt. Kilimanjaro

Congo R. Sahara Desert

Lake Victoria Sahel

Victoria Falls Namib Desert

Aswan High Dam Kalahari Desert

Ethiopian Highlands Bie Plateau

Great Rift Valley

MEMORY MAP

slide21

Aswan

High

Dam

Nile

Niger

L.

Victoria

Congo

River Basin

Zambezi

Victoria Falls

slide22

Atlas Mts.

Sahara Desert

Sahel

Ethiopian

Highlands

Great Rift Valley

Bie

Plateau

Mt. Kilimanjaro

Namib

Desert

Kalahari Desert

Drakensberg Mts.

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