Chapter six weather and climate
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Chapter Six: Weather and Climate. 6.1 Introduction to Weather 6.2 Weather Patterns 6.3 Climates and Biomes. 6.3 Biomes and climate. Climate depends on many factors: latitude, precipitation, elevation, topography, and distance from large bodies of water. 6.3 Biomes and climate.

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Chapter Six: Weather and Climate

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Chapter six weather and climate

Chapter Six: Weather and Climate

  • 6.1 Introduction to Weather

  • 6.2 Weather Patterns

  • 6.3 Climates and Biomes


6 3 biomes and climate

6.3 Biomes and climate

  • Climate depends on many factors:

    • latitude,

    • precipitation,

    • elevation,

    • topography, and

    • distance from large bodies of water.


6 3 biomes and climate1

6.3 Biomes and climate

  • Scientists divide the planet into climate regions called biomes.

  • Earth has six main biomes: deserts, grasslands, temperate deciduous forests, rainforests, taiga, and tundras.

  • Each biome has a unique set of plants and animals that thrive in its climate.


6 3 biomes and climate2

6.3 Biomes and climate

  • Each biome has a unique set of plants and animals that thrive in its climate.

  • The Serengeti is home to thousands of predators species and 1.6 million herbivores.


6 3 biomes and climate3

6.3 Biomes and climate

  • Humidity is related to plant and animal diversity.

  • From the poles to the equator, humidity and the diversity of plants and animal increases.


6 3 biomes and climate4

6.3 Biomes and climate

  • At the equator, sunlight is direct and intense.

  • As a result, the average yearly temperature at the equator is 27 °C (80 °F), while at the North Pole it is -18 °C (0 °F).


6 3 biomes and climate5

6.3 Biomes and climate

  • Compare the data below for Portland, OR and Minneapolis, MN.

  • If these cities are about the same latitude, why don’t they have the same climate?

  • The differences in temperature between the two cities have to do with water.

  • Water warms up and cools down slowly.

  • Regions near water—like Portland—do not have extremely hot or cold weather, even though they are farther north.


6 3 plants and animals in biomes

6.3 Plants and animals in biomes

  • A biome consists of plant and animal communities.

  • The plants and animals in a community survive in a shared environment.

Can you give an example of an ecosystem in the desert biome?

Research an oasis to learn more!


6 3 plants and animals in biomes1

6.3 Plants and animals in biomes

  • What features of this jackrabbit help it survive in it’s desert biome?


6 3 plants and animals in biomes2

6.3 Plants and animals in biomes

  • Within a biome, there are many interrelated ecosystems.

  • An ecosystemis made up of the plants and animals that live there, plus nonliving things like soil, air, water, sunlight, and nutrients.


Research connection

Research Connection

Meteorologists Weather it All

  • Dian and other meteorologists use many tools of their trade.

  • They gather information in many different ways.


Activity

Activity

Rainy Day Mystery

  • Do some investigative meteorological work to find out why the climates of these two cities are so different.


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