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Restoration. the. of America’s Everglades & the South Florida Ecosystem. History Lesson South Florida Everglades Ecosystem Restoration Program Kissimmee Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan Acceler8 Changes within Corps Implementation Challenges. Presentation Outline.

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Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

Restoration

the

of America’s Everglades & the South Florida Ecosystem


Presentation outline

History Lesson

South Florida Everglades Ecosystem Restoration Program

Kissimmee

Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

Acceler8

Changes within Corps

Implementation Challenges

Presentation Outline


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

The “Original” Everglades Ecosystem

“River of Grass”

Water connected the system, from top to bottom

9 million acres of wetlands providing a variety of habitat

Diverse mosaic

Kissimmee – Lake O overflow its south bank


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

WHAT HAPPENED?


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

Man Moved in and the Weather Changed

BC and AD

  • 1850 – Swamplands Act – Transformation

  • 1880’s – Disston

    • Kissimmee River – Navigation

    • Linked Caloosahatchee River to Lake O

  • 1890’s – Cut ‘n Try Era – Gov Broward

    • WPB, Hillsboro, NNR, and Miami Canals

  • 1920’s – Killer hurricanes

    • Shifted drainage to controlling flooding

  • 1930’s – Depression

  • 1947 – Major hurricanes – 108 inches rain


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

Cape

Canaveral

Tampa

Stuart

Palm

Beach

Fort

Myers

Everglades

National

Park

1947 Flood

Miami

Areas

Flooded

1947

Florida Keys


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

ORLANDO

Kissimmee

River Basin

TAMPA

Lake

Okeechobee

Caloosahatchee

River

St. Lucie

Canal

WEST PALM

BEACH

FT. MYERS

West Palm

Beach Canal

(C-51 / STA-1E)

Southwest

Florida

MIAMI

Everglades

National Park

Biscayne Bay

FL Bay /

FL Keys

South Dade Co.

(C-111)

KEY WEST

Central & Southern Florida Project

(C&SF)

  • Authorization: Flood Control Act of 1948 +

  • Purpose: Flood Control, Water

  • Conservation & Control, Salt

  • Water Intrusion, F&W, Water

  • Supply to ENP, FL Bay/FL Keys,

  • & Environmental Restoration

  • Features: 46 bridges, 10 locks,

  • 670 miles of canals, 809 miles of

  • levees, 130 control & diversion

  • structures, & 16 pump stations

  • Project Cost: $2.9B

  • Cost Share: Varies

  • Local Sponsor: Various


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

The Results

  • Refrigeration/Mosquito Control

  • Population today ~ 6 million

  • Multi-Billion Dollar economy focused on tourism, agriculture, and commercial activities


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

South Florida Flourished


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

Current

Flow

Historic

Flow


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

However, the Ecosystem is in Trouble….

  • Too much/too little water for the Everglades/south Florida ecosystem

  • Massive reductions in wading bird populations

  • Degradation of water quality

  • Repetitive water shortages and salt water intrusion

  • Declining estuary health

  • 1.7 billion gallons of water a day wasted to tide


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

South Florida Everglades Ecosystem Restoration

Current Program

Critical

Projects

Program

Continuing

Authorities

Program

(1135, 206)

Central &

Southern

Florida

Project

Kissimmee

River

Restoration

Modified Water

Deliveries to

ENP

Upper

St Johns

Manatee

C-51 / STA-1E

C-111

CERP


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

ORLANDO

CAPE

CANAVERAL

C-35

C-36

C-37

S-65

VERO

BEACH

S-65-A

C-38

S-65B Removed

Backfill

S-65C Removed

S-65-D

LAKE

ISTOKPOGA

S-65-E

LOCATION MAP

LAKE

OKEECHOBEE

LAKE

OKEECHOBEE

Kissimmee River Restoration

  • Authorization: WRDA 92

  • Purpose: Environmental

  • Restoration

  • Features: 22 Miles of Canal Backfilling, Levees, Control Structure Expansion, Canal Enlargement, and Structure Removal, Land Acquisition

  • Project Cost: $572.4M

  • Cost Share: 50/50

  • Local Sponsor: South Florida

  • Water Management District


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

Kissimmee River~1980 with Canal


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

Kissimmee RiverJuly 11, 2001


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

Rescuing an Endangered Ecosystem: The Plan to Restore America’s Everglades

CERP

The Central and Southern Florida Project Comprehensive Review Study (The Restudy)

On December 11, 2000, the President signed the Water Resources Development Act of 2000, approving:

Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan

A series of environmental and other improvements over 30+ years with an estimated cost of $7.8 billion


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

Aquifer Storage & Recovery – 330 Wells

Surface Water Storage Reservoir – 170,000 acres

Stormwater Treatment Areas (STAs) – 36,000 acres

Reuse Wastewater at 2 Regional Plants

Seepage Management

Removing 240 miles of Barriers to Sheetflow

Operational Changes

68

CERP

Components

Orlando

KissimmeeRiver

St. Lucie River

CaloosahatcheeRiver

Lake

West

Palm

Beach

Okeechobee

Ft. Myers

WCAs

Fort

Lauderdale

Big Cypress

National

Preserve

Miami

Everglades

National Park

Biscayne Bay

Florida Bay

Florida Keys


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

CERP Serving as a Model for the Future

This Plan represents the largest environmental restoration program

that the Corps has ever undertaken. Thus it will serve as a guide for:

  • restoration programs

  • inclusive planning and programming

  • corporate capability

  • strategic communications plans

  • adaptive assessment

  • & management

  • outreach programs

  • revised study & implementation process


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

Get the water right...

the principal goal of the Comprehensive Plan is to deliver the right amount of water, of the right quality, to the right places, and at the right time.

QQTD


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

CERP

The Partnership

  • South Florida Water Management District is primary partner

  • Cost shared 50-50 with credit sharing between projects

  • Over 30+ years to implement

  • $172 million each year to operate & maintain (cost shared 50-50)

FEDERAL

50%

STATE

50%

$


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

CERP

Current

Flow

Historic

Flow

Future

Flow

The Goal


What s acceler8

What’s ACCELER8?

  • Accelerate Delivery of CERP Restoration Benefits

  • State - $1.5 Billion – Certificates of Participation

  • Accelerate the Entire Program, Not Just the “8”

  • Impact on Jacksonville District Workload and

  • The Future in Restoration Efforts


Acceler8 projects

Acceler8 Projects

  • IRL S – C44

  • Picayune Strand

  • C-43 Storage Reservoir

  • EAA Storage Reservoir

  • Biscayne Bay Coastal Wetlands

  • C-111 Spreader Canal

  • WPAs

    • Site 1

    • C-9

    • C-11

    • Seepage Management

    • Acme B

  • EAA STAs (B&C)


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

COMPREHENSIVE EVERGLADES

RESTORATION PLAN

Changes in the Corps


Jacksonville district restoration program division

Jacksonville District Restoration Program Division

  • Dennis Duke – Program Manager

    • Jim Boone – RECOVER

    • Cheryl Ulrich - Program Execution

  • Provides strategic direction on project implementation issues,

  • sponsor issues and internal Corps coordination issues

  • Core Project Teams

    • Dedicated core team members

    • Must have approval from Executive Office to be reassigned

    • All team members remain assigned to their functional org

    • Number one priority C&SF projects


Restoration program division

Restoration Program Division

RECOVER

PROGRAM

EXECUTION

SFWMD

DEP

PM

SFWMD

PM

Constr

CST

Project Mgt

CST

CO

Lead

PTL

Environ

Lead

Contract

CST

CT

Lead

Cost Est

Lead

Engineering

CST

ETL

H&H

Lead

Geotech

Lead

Regulatory

CST

RD

Lead

Design

Lead

FWS

Lead

Planning

CST

Econ

Lead

Counsel

CST

Real Estate

CST

DOI

ENP

FWS

CST - CERP

Support Teams

Core/Special Team


Challenges

Partnership 50%/50%

Project Managers (Two now Three)

Creating Guidance as We Are Implementing

System versus Project Specific

Inter-connected ecosystem

Expectation Management

Master Implementation Sequencing Plan

Dependence on Models

Communication

Public, Stakeholders and World in Watching

Challenges


Where do you believe ecosystem restoration will be in 2015

Where Do You Believe Ecosystem Restoration Will Be In 2015?


Of america s everglades the south florida ecosystem

How to keep up

www.evergladesplan.org


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