Writing literature reviews chapter one two
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Writing Literature Reviews Chapter One/Two. Jose Galvan. Why focus on Empirical Research?. Primary Sources—first published accounts of research In-depth discussion of methodology and findings Primary sources can be state-of-the-art or cutting-edge. Type 1:Empirical Research Reports.

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Writing Literature Reviews Chapter One/Two

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Writing literature reviews chapter one two

Writing Literature Reviews Chapter One/Two

Jose Galvan


Why focus on empirical research

Why focus on Empirical Research?

Primary Sources—first published accounts of research

In-depth discussion of methodology and findings

Primary sources can be state-of-the-art or cutting-edge


Type 1 empirical research reports

Type 1:Empirical Research Reports

  • All empirical research is flawed and should be interpreted with caution

    • Sampling Issues

      • generalizability

    • Measurement

      • Multiple methods

      • Measurement error

    • Problem Identification

      • Problems are often narrowly defined

      • Limited scope can distort reality


Type 2 theoretical articles

Type 2: Theoretical Articles

Not all articles relate research some cover theories

Many theoretical articles lead to predictions that run counter to common sense

Choosing a theory can help organize your literature review


Type 3 literature review articles

Type 3: Literature Review Articles

Some journals regularly carry review articles that summarize the literature by reviewing many research studies

These articles can produce insights such as resolving conflicts in the literature, identifying new ways of interpreting the literature, and laying out a path for future research

This is the type of writing you will be doing in this class


Type 4 anecdotal reports

Type 4: Anecdotal Reports

Some journals will allow authors to report experiences on the basis of a single case

This research can be insightful, but in general is seriously deficient in generalizability and rigor

It’s like sugar and fat in the food guide pyramid—USE SPARINGLY


Writing for a specific purpose

Writing for a Specific Purpose

  • Literature Reviews are used for:

  • Doctoral and Masters Theses

    • Usually very long to show complete command of the literature

  • Research articles or reports

    • Usually short and very specific

  • Course papers

    • Pre-determined length used to show ability to synthesize the works of others into a coherent argument


Planning to write

Planning to Write

Defining a Topic

Identifying the literature

Selecting Relevant Articles

Organizing Your notes and thoughts

Drafting, Editing, Redrafting


Writing a term paper

Writing a Term Paper

Stage 1 preliminary library search and selection of topic

Stage 2 reading list and preliminary paper outline

Stage 3 first draft of paper

Stage 4 revised final draft of paper


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