Unilateral Coercive Measures and International Law. by Ben Chigara, Ph.D. (University of Nottingham) LL.M. With Distinction,& B est performance award (Hull University) BA Hons . (Law & Psychology) University of Keele Professor of Law, Brunel University, London, UK.
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Ben Chigara, Ph.D. (University of Nottingham)
LL.M. With Distinction,& Best performance award (Hull University)
BA Hons. (Law & Psychology) University of Keele
Professor of Law, Brunel University, London, UK
The chains of habit are too weak to be felt until they are too strong to be broken….
1. “A 'unilateral action' is an act by a formally unauthorised participant which effectively pre-empts the official decision that a legally designated official or agency was supposed to take. Yet the unilateral action is accompanied by a claim that it is, nonetheless, lawful" Reisman, M.W. (2000) Unilateral Action and the Transformations of the World Constitutive Process: The Special Problem of Humanitarian Intervention” EJIL (11) 1
2. “A unilateral action effectively replaces lawful decision, by obviating it entirely or forcing official processes to endorse it.” Reisman, ibid.
3. Other unilateral acts do not pre-empt or replace authoritative decision; they merely stimulate its operation and are ultimately reviewed by it. Reisman, Ibid.