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Medford Study. Boys Growth Study 1956-1968. Medford Study. Look at growth of boys 7-18 Physical & Motor Characteristics Longitudinal Study No Females Dated Material. Physical Fitness. World Book Definition A personal responsibility

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medford study

Medford Study

Boys Growth Study

1956-1968

medford study2
Medford Study
  • Look at growth of boys 7-18
  • Physical & Motor Characteristics
  • Longitudinal Study
  • No Females
  • Dated Material
physical fitness
Physical Fitness
  • World Book Definition
    • A personal responsibility
    • A combination of qualities enable a person to perform well in vigorous physical activity
    • Healthy people may be unfit if they don’t exercise regularly
    • Aufsesser Definition
physical fitness4
Physical Fitness
  • Benefits of Physical Fitness
    • Better physical performance is only one benefit
    • Increase capacity & efficiency of the heart
    • Help maintain proper weight
    • Fit people tend to be slender and look better than those who are unfit
    • Greater resistance to disease
benefits
Benefits
  • Recover faster if become ill
  • Fit people may be “ Happier”, more alert and relaxed
  • May be able to resist the effects of aging better than those who are unfit
historical look at fitness
Historical Look at Fitness
  • Basis for physical education programs
  • YMCA Triangle
  • Early Programs in New England
    • Dudley
    • Harvard Step Test
    • Rogers PFI
    • Kraus Weber Fitness Test
  • 1960 Presidents Council
components of physical fitness
Components of Physical Fitness
  • Health related
    • Strength
    • Muscular Endurance
    • Cardiovascular Endurance
    • Flexibility
  • Skill related Aspects
    • Balance
    • Reaction Time
skill related cont
Skill Related ( cont.)
  • Coordination
  • Agility
  • Speed
  • Fitness Tests usually tap one or more areas
  • Early Tests Health Related
  • Many Tests combine areas
fitness tests
Fitness Tests
  • 1960 Presidents Council on Physical Fitness ( Kennedy)
  • Focus on Health Related Aspects of Fitness
  • Businesses Fitness Programs
    • Exxon New Jersey
    • Productivity
    • Health of Executives
fitness tests10
Fitness Tests
  • Kraus Weber, 1958
  • AAHPERD Youth Fitness. 1976
  • Health Related Fitness, 1980
  • Physical Best
  • Fitness Gram
  • Jump Rope for Heart
  • Hoops for Heart
fitness tests11
Fitness Tests
  • AAHPERD Youth Fitness Test (1965)
  • Revised 1976
  • Versions
    • Pull-up
    • Sit-up
    • Standing broad jump
    • Shuttle run
    • 50 yard dash
youth fitness test
Youth Fitness Test
    • 600 yard run/walk
    • Softball throw for distance
  • Modifications
    • Delete 600 run/walk:
    • Replaced with 1 mile or 9 min. (13& under)
    • or 1.5 mile or 12 minute (13 & Up)
    • Delete Softball throw
health related fitness test
Health Related Fitness Test
    • Defined Fitness as:Cardiorespiratory
    • Body Composition ( leanness)
    • Abdominal and low back strength
  • Items:
  • Cardiovascular
    • 9 minute or 1 mile
    • 1.5 mile or 12 minute
health related items
Health Related Items
  • Body Composition
    • Sum of triceps & subscapularis
  • Abdominal & Low Back
    • Modified Timed Sit-up(60 seconds)
    • Sit & Reach
use of fitness tests
Use of Fitness Tests
  • Diagnosis strengths/ weaknesses
  • Set objectives
  • Program evaluation
  • Demonstrate importance of program
  • Motivate kids
  • Improve public relations
overweight obesity
Overweight & Obesity
  • Definitions
    • 10% ideal weight
    • 20% ideal weight
  • Video “ Fat Chance in a Thin World
    • Set-point theory
    • Madison Avenue
    • Anorexia
    • Bulimia
eating disorders
Eating Disorders
  • Definition: an abnormal relationship with food.
    • Anorexia
    • Bulimia
    • Binge eating disorder (BED)
    • Compulsive over eating
  • All are considered mental disorders
anorexia
Anorexia
  • Definition: described as an obsession with being thin
  • Called the starving Disease
  • There is no correlation with their actual weight and their desire
  • 90% are females
bulimia
Bulimia
  • Eat and purge
    • Vomiting
    • Diuretics
    • Laxative abuse
obesity
Obesity
  • Baby Fat Myth
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