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Medford Study. Boys Growth Study 1956-1968. Medford Study. Look at growth of boys 7-18 Physical & Motor Characteristics Longitudinal Study No Females Dated Material. Physical Fitness. World Book Definition A personal responsibility

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Medford Study

Boys Growth Study

1956-1968


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Medford Study

  • Look at growth of boys 7-18

  • Physical & Motor Characteristics

  • Longitudinal Study

  • No Females

  • Dated Material


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Physical Fitness

  • World Book Definition

    • A personal responsibility

    • A combination of qualities enable a person to perform well in vigorous physical activity

    • Healthy people may be unfit if they don’t exercise regularly

    • Aufsesser Definition


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Physical Fitness

  • Benefits of Physical Fitness

    • Better physical performance is only one benefit

    • Increase capacity & efficiency of the heart

    • Help maintain proper weight

    • Fit people tend to be slender and look better than those who are unfit

    • Greater resistance to disease


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Benefits

  • Recover faster if become ill

  • Fit people may be “ Happier”, more alert and relaxed

  • May be able to resist the effects of aging better than those who are unfit


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Historical Look at Fitness

  • Basis for physical education programs

  • YMCA Triangle

  • Early Programs in New England

    • Dudley

    • Harvard Step Test

    • Rogers PFI

    • Kraus Weber Fitness Test

  • 1960 Presidents Council


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Components of Physical Fitness

  • Health related

    • Strength

    • Muscular Endurance

    • Cardiovascular Endurance

    • Flexibility

  • Skill related Aspects

    • Balance

    • Reaction Time


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Skill Related ( cont.)

  • Coordination

  • Agility

  • Speed

  • Fitness Tests usually tap one or more areas

  • Early Tests Health Related

  • Many Tests combine areas


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Fitness Tests

  • 1960 Presidents Council on Physical Fitness ( Kennedy)

  • Focus on Health Related Aspects of Fitness

  • Businesses Fitness Programs

    • Exxon New Jersey

    • Productivity

    • Health of Executives


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Fitness Tests

  • Kraus Weber, 1958

  • AAHPERD Youth Fitness. 1976

  • Health Related Fitness, 1980

  • Physical Best

  • Fitness Gram

  • Jump Rope for Heart

  • Hoops for Heart


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Fitness Tests

  • AAHPERD Youth Fitness Test (1965)

  • Revised 1976

  • Versions

    • Pull-up

    • Sit-up

    • Standing broad jump

    • Shuttle run

    • 50 yard dash


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Youth Fitness Test

  • 600 yard run/walk

  • Softball throw for distance

  • Modifications

    • Delete 600 run/walk:

    • Replaced with 1 mile or 9 min. (13& under)

    • or 1.5 mile or 12 minute (13 & Up)

    • Delete Softball throw


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    Health Related Fitness Test

    • Defined Fitness as:Cardiorespiratory

    • Body Composition ( leanness)

    • Abdominal and low back strength

  • Items:

  • Cardiovascular

    • 9 minute or 1 mile

    • 1.5 mile or 12 minute


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    Health Related Items

    • Body Composition

      • Sum of triceps & subscapularis

    • Abdominal & Low Back

      • Modified Timed Sit-up(60 seconds)

      • Sit & Reach


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    Use of Fitness Tests

    • Diagnosis strengths/ weaknesses

    • Set objectives

    • Program evaluation

    • Demonstrate importance of program

    • Motivate kids

    • Improve public relations


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    Overweight & Obesity

    • Definitions

      • 10% ideal weight

      • 20% ideal weight

    • Video “ Fat Chance in a Thin World

      • Set-point theory

      • Madison Avenue

      • Anorexia

      • Bulimia


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    Eating Disorders

    • Definition: an abnormal relationship with food.

      • Anorexia

      • Bulimia

      • Binge eating disorder (BED)

      • Compulsive over eating

    • All are considered mental disorders


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    Anorexia

    • Definition: described as an obsession with being thin

    • Called the starving Disease

    • There is no correlation with their actual weight and their desire

    • 90% are females


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    Bulimia

    • Eat and purge

      • Vomiting

      • Diuretics

      • Laxative abuse


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    Obesity

    • Baby Fat Myth


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