Back to MACROevolution. What does it mean again?. large-scale evolutionary changes including the formation of new species & taxa . happens over a much longer period of time (centuries, millenia ). Recall from Grade 9 Ecology. A population is.
What does it mean again?
A population is...
a group of the same species of living things (i.e. All the people on planet Earth).
A community is...
groups of different species of living things in an area (i.e. All the frogs, snakes, fish, & lily pads in a pond ecosystem).
What’s the difference?
Development refers to changes that happen to an organism as it progresses through its life cycle.
Evolution refers to changes that occur in an entire population over a very long period of time.
A group of individuals that actually or potentially interbreed in natureto produce viable or fertile offspring.
These happy face spiders look different, but since they can interbreed, they are considered the same species: Theridiongrallator.
Result of male tiger and female lion mating in captivity. Offspring are infertile.
Result of male lion and female tiger mating in captivity. Offspring are infertile.
prevents different species from mating and fertilizing
prevents maturation and reproduction of interspecies offspring
Allopatric Speciation: Evolution of population into two different species caused by geographic isolation (e.g. Rivers, canyons, mountains, large bodies of water)
The barrier prevents species from interbreeding, which causes them to slowly change until they become so different that they are reproductively isolated
Sympatric Speciation: Evolution of populations into new species within the same geographical area
A significant mutation happens to work out, resulting in reproductive isolation of the two populations
Example: hawthorn fly vs. Apple maggot flies in North America
Note: Over time, the genetic differences between the two populations are enough that they can then lead to speciation.
Answer the following question: What type of speciation do human built structures (i.e. Roads) likely cause?
2. Theories of Evolution Assignment – Due Monday, Dec 5/11