Anglo saxon literature 449 1066
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Anglo Saxon Literature (449—1066). II. Anglo Saxon Literature. Introduction to British Literature 1. What literature is 2. Early Literature and the Epic. --characteristics of the epic. 3. The Personality of England. a. Timeline of British Literature and Thought

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Anglo Saxon Literature (449—1066)

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Anglo saxon literature 449 1066

Anglo Saxon Literature (449—1066)


Ii anglo saxon literature

II. Anglo Saxon Literature

  • Introduction to British Literature

    1. What literature is

    2. Early Literature and the Epic

--characteristics of the epic


3 the personality of england

3. The Personality of England

a. Timeline of British Literature and Thought

449 1066 1492 1660 1790 1830 1914 1945

l____l_____l_____l___l___l___l___l___

Anglo- Medieval Rennais. Reason Rom. Victor. Mod. Anxiety

Saxon


B britain s island personality

b. Britain’s Island Personality

  • Strongly independent

  • Individual freedom—

    Anglo-Saxon heritage

    worth of the individual)

  • Strongly traditional – _____ system (medieval)

    mistrust of the _________ class

    ______ family into the 21st century


B anglo saxon literature

B. Anglo Saxon Literature


I anglo saxon literature 449 1066

I. Anglo Saxon Literature (449—1066)

  • Introduction—Historical and Philosophical Background

    1. Germanic invasions (Britons [Celts] conquered by Romans—Romans leave—Germanic barbarians invade

    a. Angles

    b. Saxons

    c. Jutes


Germanic invasions of the angles saxons and jutes

Germanic Invasions of the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes


Anglo saxon literature

Anglo Saxon Literature

  • Primitive Heroic Ideal

    a. Ideal of Kingly

    behavior

    b. The Warrior ideals

    c. Goal—win enduring

    fame


A intro to anglo saxon literature

A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature

  • Christianity and Written Culture Arrive

    a. 597—Augustine (no, not that one) arrives in England and brings writing and a new morality

    --earlier Celts and Romans had been Christians

  • The Venerable Bede

  • Alfred, King of the West Saxons (871—899)


A intro to anglo saxon literature1

A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature

  • Old English Poetry

    a. written literature in England begins in 7th century

    b. Before that—the scop


A intro to anglo saxon literature2

A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature

c. Mead, mead halls, and mead hall lifestyle


A intro to anglo saxon literature3

A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature

d. The Spirit of Old English Poetry

1. dark world; little _________; warrior life

2. style (no “romantic” poetry)

3. but—OE poetry had

--extraordinary___________

--ironic __________________

--subtle and intense depiction of the nature

or reality—no sentimentality—wyrd (____)


A intro to anglo saxon literature4

A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature

  • Types of Anglo Saxon Literature

    a. heroic epic—long narrative whose main character is THE EPIC HERO

    --great bravery

    --super human ability

    --generosity


A intro to anglo saxon literature5

A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature

b. Elegiac lyrics—express thoughts and

_________________

c. Riddles—guessing games

--shows Anglo Saxon love of


A intro to anglo saxon literature6

A. Intro to Anglo Saxon Literature

  • Style of Literature—A--S Literary Techniques

    alliteration

    kenning

    caesura

    rhythm


B beowulf the earliest epic poem in english

B. Beowulf: the earliest epic poem in English


B beowulf

B. Beowulf

  • Introduction

    a. Great epic poem of the Anglo Saxon age

    b. English writing about their Germanic forebears

    c. originally oral (scops) but written down later (early 700s) by a Christian (the “Beowulf poet”)


B beowulf introduction

B. Beowulf (introduction)

  • Beowulf is a profound mixture of two sets of values

    1. Anglo Saxon _________

    Ideal

    2. Christian _______ and God


2 meanings in beowulf

2. Meanings in Beowulf

  • Surface level

    b. Not just about feuds but about a deeper

    sense of evil—what does Beowulf say about evil?

    --the symbolism of the monster


2 meanings in beowulf con t

2. Meanings in Beowulf (con’t.)

C. What does Beowulf say about the Heroic Ideal?

--bravery is the instrument by which the hero realizes himself

--Hrothgar compared to Beowulf—shows what?

--Beowulf meets his doom but not before he shows his ______________


2 meanings in beowulf1

2. Meanings in Beowulf

  • Philosophical level

    --what does Beowulf say about:

    fate (wyrd)?

    --sense of doom

    knowledge of death

    bravery and courage


2 meanings in beowulf2

2. Meanings in Beowulf

  • Psychological / archetypal level

    1. The hero’s journey (the monomyth)

    2. What does Beowulf say about being human?


Setting and characters

Setting and Characters

  • Herot—

  • Hrothgar—

  • Beowulf—

  • Grendel


3 setting and characters

3. Setting and Characters

  • Grendel’s mother—

  • Swamp--

  • Dragon—

  • Wiglaf--


4 symbolism in beowulf

4. Symbolism in Beowulf

  • Psychological

    (swamp, Grendel, mother,

    dragon)

  • Social

    (Hrothgar, Beowulf,

    Herot)

  • Universal (G., G.’s mother,

    the dragon, the treasure,

    the tower


5 conclusion

5. Conclusion

The Anglo Saxon people, like all people, were much like us, dealing with—

--a dangerous and seemingly uncaring world

--what being human means

--what living with bravery and honor means

--battling the monsters that endanger us

They were our grand—parents who lived in difficult times with pride and courage.


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