Building collaboration arab entrepreneur partnership forum
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Building Collaboration Arab Entrepreneur Partnership Forum. April 2-3, 2011. Normally I would have spoken about:. Horizontal and vertical integration Networking Innovation and best practice Arab complementarities Competitiveness and regional clusters

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Building Collaboration Arab Entrepreneur Partnership Forum

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Building collaboration arab entrepreneur partnership forum

Building Collaboration Arab Entrepreneur Partnership Forum

April 2-3, 2011


Building collaboration arab entrepreneur partnership forum

  • Normally I would have spoken about:

  • Horizontal and vertical integration

  • Networking

  • Innovation and best practice

  • Arab complementarities

  • Competitiveness and regional clusters

  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR)

  • …………………But I am sure you know about all that!

  • So, instead let’s talk about


Building collaboration arab entrepreneur partnership forum

  • AmartyaSen & Sustainable Development

According to Sen, there are populations today that live in a state of 'unfreedom', unable to realize their capabilities.

Poverty is “a deprivation of basic capabilities, rather than merely low income"

Five freedoms:

Political freedoms

Economic facilities

Social opportunities

Transparency guarantees

Protective security


Population corruption and freedom indicators

Population, Corruption and Freedom Indicators

The Economist

Ranking of democracy

( out of 167 countries )

Ranking of corruption

( out of 178 countries )

Ranking of press freedoms

( out of 196 countries )


Building collaboration arab entrepreneur partnership forum

Income is positively related to Democracy

  • Democracy and GDP per capita in MENA


Gdp per capita ppp 1000s

GDP per Capita (PPP, 1000s)

Source: IMF


Oil gas revenues

Economies are dependent on hydrocarbon revenues

Oil/gas Revenues

Source: IMF


Military expenditures as of gdp

Military Expenditures as % of GDP


Foreign direct investment as of gdp 2009

Foreign Direct Investment as % of GDP, 2009


Of population under the age of 30

% of Population Under the Age of 30


Quality of education index

Quality of Education Index


Unemployment rates

Unemployment Rates (%)


Youth employment rates

Youth Employment Rates (%)


Youth unemployment vs political stability

Youth Unemployment (%) vs. Political Stability


Of population below the poverty line

% of Population Below the Poverty Line


Building collaboration arab entrepreneur partnership forum

A Thesis…

Development

Equitable Growth

Accountability

Transparency

Freedom of Speech

Democracy


Building collaboration arab entrepreneur partnership forum

Collaboration?

But…

Arab countries resorted to intergovernmental approaches to integration due to reluctance of Arab leaders to transfer sovereignty to supranational bodies


Building collaboration arab entrepreneur partnership forum

  • Areas of Possible Cooperation:

  • Evidence shows there is little gain from cooperating in manufacturing (goods): lack of competitiveness, low value added, little intra industry trade

  • Integration in Services, Labor, FDI flows (Capital) have high potential gains from integration.

  • Newly democratizing economies will most likely see greater economic integration with each other; the trend may spread throughout region.


Building collaboration arab entrepreneur partnership forum

  • Thank You


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