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Building Collaboration Arab Entrepreneur Partnership Forum. April 2-3, 2011. Normally I would have spoken about:. Horizontal and vertical integration Networking Innovation and best practice Arab complementarities Competitiveness and regional clusters

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Building collaboration arab entrepreneur partnership forum

Building Collaboration Arab Entrepreneur Partnership Forum

April 2-3, 2011


  • Horizontal and vertical integration

  • Networking

  • Innovation and best practice

  • Arab complementarities

  • Competitiveness and regional clusters

  • Corporate social responsibility (CSR)

  • …………………But I am sure you know about all that!

  • So, instead let’s talk about


  • AmartyaSen & Sustainable Development

According to Sen, there are populations today that live in a state of 'unfreedom', unable to realize their capabilities.

Poverty is “a deprivation of basic capabilities, rather than merely low income"

Five freedoms:

Political freedoms

Economic facilities

Social opportunities

Transparency guarantees

Protective security


Population corruption and freedom indicators
Population, Corruption and Freedom Indicators

The Economist

Ranking of democracy

( out of 167 countries )

Ranking of corruption

( out of 178 countries )

Ranking of press freedoms

( out of 196 countries )


Income is positively related to Democracy

  • Democracy and GDP per capita in MENA












A Thesis…

Development

Equitable Growth

Accountability

Transparency

Freedom of Speech

Democracy


Collaboration?

But…

Arab countries resorted to intergovernmental approaches to integration due to reluctance of Arab leaders to transfer sovereignty to supranational bodies


  • Evidence shows there is little gain from cooperating in manufacturing (goods): lack of competitiveness, low value added, little intra industry trade

  • Integration in Services, Labor, FDI flows (Capital) have high potential gains from integration.

  • Newly democratizing economies will most likely see greater economic integration with each other; the trend may spread throughout region.



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