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Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University. Effect of Pulsed Magnetic Field on Solidification Structures of Metals. Zhai Qi-Jie *, Gao Yu-Lai, Li Qiu-Shu. *Corresponding author, email: [email protected] Personal website: http://www.foundrymate.com. October 11, 2004.

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effect of pulsed magnetic field on solidification structures of metals

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Effect of Pulsed Magnetic Field on Solidification Structures of Metals

Zhai Qi-Jie *, Gao Yu-Lai, Li Qiu-Shu

*Corresponding author, email: [email protected]

Personal website: http://www.foundrymate.com

October 11, 2004

four parts

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Four Parts:
  • Background
  • Experimental procedure
  • Results and discussion
  • Conclusions
background

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Background:
  • Can obviously refine the solidification structure
  • No research on pure metal, e.g. Al
  • No consensus is acquired about the effect of

magnetic field

  • Little information is available about the

refinement mechanism

experimental procedure

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Experimental procedure:
  • High-voltage pulsed power source

and the solidification equipment

  • Materials choose: pure Al, gray iron and

stainless steel

  • Analysis methods: OM, TA
results and discussions effect on al

(b)

(a)

10mm

10mm

10mm

10mm

(c)

(d)

  • Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University
Results and Discussions——Effect on Al
  • B=0T
  • (b) B=0.3T
  • (c) B=0.38T
  • (d) B=0.51T

Macrostructure of the solidified samples under the pulsed magnetic field with different intensities

results and discussions effect on al1

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Results and Discussions——Effect on Al

Relation between the intensity of the pulsed magnetic field and the average grain size

results and discussions effect on al2

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Results and Discussions——Effect on Al

Distribution of the magnetic induction intensity in the intense magnetic generator

results and discussions effect on al3

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Results and Discussions——Effect on Al

Relationship between the intensity of pulsed magnetic field and solidification temperature

results and discussions effect on gray iron1

(a)

(b)

75 μm

75 μm

75 μm

75 μm

(d)

(c)

  • Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University
Results and Discussions——Effect on gray iron

(a) B=0T

(b) B=1.2T

(c) B=3.1T

(d) B=6.4T

Graphite morphology of hypoeutectic gray iron under different pulsed magnetic field parameters

results and discussions effect on gray iron2

(b)

(a)

75 μm

75 μm

75 μm

75 μm

(c)

(d)

  • Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University
Results and Discussions——Effect on gray iron

(a) B=0T

(b) B=0.3T

(c) B=1.2T

(d) B=2.6T

Graphite morphology of hypereutectic gray iron under different pulsed magnetic field parameters

results and discussions effect on gray iron3

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Results and Discussions——Effect on gray iron

Effect of the magnetic intensity on the

length of the graphite

Effect of the magnetic intensity on the thickness of the graphite

results and discussions effect on gray iron4

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Results and Discussions——Effect on gray iron

B=3.1T

B=0T

Relation between the temperature and time for solidification of gray iron

results and discussions effect on stainless steel

(c)

(b)

(d)

(a)

(g)

(e)

(f)

(h)

10mm

10mm

10mm

10mm

10mm

10mm

10mm

10mm

  • Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University
Results and Discussions——Effect on stainless steel

(a)B=0T

(b)B=0.78T

(c)B=1.10T

(d) B=1.35T

(e)B=1.8T

(f)B=3.00T

(g) B=3.24T

(h) B=3.84T

conclusions

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Conclusions:

The solidified structure of pure aluminum evolved from columnar grains to equi-axed ones, and the grain size becomes smaller as the augment of the intensity of pulsed magnetic field. The effect of the pulsed magnetic field on the solidification temperature of Al can be neglected.

The pulsed magnetic field can refine and improve the graphite morphology of the gray iron. Also, the pulsed magnetic field can decrease its undercooling of the eutectic transformation.

conclusions1

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Conclusions:

The solidification structures of austenitic stainless steel are changed from coarse columnar crystals to narrow and thin ones after adding pulsed magnetic field. However, equi-axed grains can’t be obtained.

acknowledgement

Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University

Acknowledgement:

Financially supported by

(1) National Natural Science Foundation of China, (2) Science and Technology Committee of Shanghai

Municipality

schematic of the solidification equipment

3

2

1

4

10

5

6

7

9

8

  • Metal Solidification Research Group, Shanghai University
Schematic of the solidification equipment:

1-Magnetic field generator 2− Pouring cup

3−Liquid metal

4−Mould

5−Cooling System 6−Computer-controlled

thermometric system

7−Pad

8−Mobile platform

9-Thermal couples

10-Pulse power source

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