Female Offenders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Female Offenders. Each group of special needs offenders has its unique problems. And there are unique challenges supervising them. Female Offender Problems. Female Offenders: Have problems common to male offenders Also have unique problems. Some Female Offender Problems. CBC and Parenting?.

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Female Offenders

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Female offenders

Female Offenders

Female offenders

  • Each group of special needs offenders has its unique problems.

  • And there are unique challenges supervising them.

Female offender problems

Female Offender Problems

  • Female Offenders:

  • Have problems common to male offenders

  • Also have unique problems

Some female offender problems

Some Female Offender Problems

Cbc and parenting

CBC and Parenting?

  • CBCs promote constructive relationships between mothers and children.

    • Reduces next generation crime

    • New Trend: Similar approach with offender fathers and their children

Lenient sentencing bias

Lenient Sentencing Bias

  • Are FOs more likely than male offenders to receive lenient sentences?

Basis for bias

Basis For Bias

  • Less Serious Crimes

  • General Bias

    • Childcare Considerations

    • Welfare Costs

    • Concern For Future Criminality Of Children

Women and crime

Women and Crime

  • Arrests

    • Women 22% (4% increase)

    • Men 78%

Drug use and crime

Drug Use and Crime

  • Are women or men more likely to be under the influence of drugs when they commit crime?

Gender and crime

Gender and Crime

  • Are some crimes more common to women?

  • What are they?

Fo arrests

FO Arrests

  • For which offenses are women most often arrested?

Fos expanding criminal horizons

FOs Expanding Criminal Horizons

  • Are FOs branching out to other types of crimes?

Fos and violent crime

FOs and Violent Crime

  • From 1984 until 1997:

    • FO serious violent crime increased 86%

    • Male serious violent crime decreased 5.6%

Violent crime incarceration

Violent Crime Incarceration

  • Is there a difference in incarceration rates for violent crime comparing men and women?

Fo incarceration generally

FO Incarceration Generally

  • For what type offenses are women most commonly incarcerated?

Incarceration rates

Incarceration Rates

  • The number of FOs in prison increased 81% from 1990 to 1999.

Fos in the cj system

FOs in the CJ System

  • Even with increased in female crime, FOs are:

    • 6% of prison population

    • 21% of probationers

    • 12% of parolees

Disparate opportunities

Disparate Opportunities

  • Have there been any differences in opportunities provided to female and male inmates, and probationers and parolees?

Hot trend in cj

Hot Trend in CJ

  • Female crime is increasing.

  • What impact will this have on the CJ system and CBC?

Why do fos commit crime

Why Do FOs Commit Crime?

Fo deficits

FO Deficits

  • Few Marketable Job Skills

  • More Responsibilities and Demands Than Men

Some fo needs

Some FO Needs

  • Finances

  • Employment Skill Training

  • Child Care

  • Emotional Aspects of Child Care

Dependent and subservient behavior

Dependent and Subservient Behavior

  • Many FOs are still learning dependent behavior patterns.

  • Many FOs assume subservient roles to males.



  • FOs need __________ and ________ to be independent.

  • It might take courage to make your first skydive or give a speech to strangers.

Community based programs for female offenders

Community Based Programs for Female Offenders

  • Community based programs for FOs focus on:

  • Developing Economic Independence

  • Effective Parenting Skills

  • Survival Skills for Independent Living

  • Ref: MML pages 342-43

Economic assistance

Economic Assistance

  • Job Readiness Training

  • Vocational Training (now non-traditional)

  • Job Development and Placement

  • Follow-Up Services

Effective parenting skills

Effective Parenting Skills

  • Nurturing

  • Patience

  • Setting Limits

  • Supervision

  • Appropriate Punishment

Survival skills

Survival Skills

  • Money Management

  • Locate and Use Community Resources

  • Administering Contractual Agreements

    • Car Purchase, Rent Apartment, Credit Card Rates

Fo tx issues

FO TX Issues

  • Dependence

  • Lack of Self Trust (Competency)

  • Lack of Personal Responsibility

Fo tx shortcomings

FO TX Shortcomings

  • FO TX has traditionally been lacking due to:

    • TX programs place PT in passive role

      • Can subvert TX goals

Interesting quote

Interesting Quote

  • “Fallen women don’t need to be put back on a pedestal. They need to learn to stand on their own two feet.”

The greatest obstacle to female offender achievement

The Greatest Obstacle to Female Offender Achievement

  • What is the greatest obstacle to FO achievement?

Key core services for fos

Key Core Services for FOs

  • What are the key (core) services for FOs?

Summary comments

Summary Comments

  • 1. While there has been a tendency to treat FOs more leniently, the less serious nature of female crime is a more significant determinant of CJ processing than gender.

Summary comments1

Summary Comments

  • 2. Most FOs must overcome disadvantages of social class and minority as well as gender in attempting to achieve self-sufficiency.

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