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電腦的由來 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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電腦的由來. 班級 : 化材一乙 學號 :4A240080 學生 : 鄭詠達. 電腦的歷史. 本來,電腦的英文原詞「computer」是指從事資料計算的人。而他們往往都需要藉助某些機械計算裝置或模擬電腦。 這些早期計算裝置的祖先包括有 算盤 ,以及可以追溯到公元前87年的被古希臘人用於計算行 行星 移動的 安提基特拉機械 。隨著中世 紀 中 末期歐洲數學與工程學的再次繁榮,1623年德國博學家Wilhelm Schickard率先研製出了歐洲第一部計算裝置,這是一個能進行六位以內數加減法,並能通過鈴聲輸出答案的「計算鐘」。使用轉動 齒輪 來進行操作。.

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電腦的由來

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:4A240080

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computer 871623Wilhelm Schickard

ENIAC


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  • 1642William Oughtred

  • 1801

  • 1820 19

  • 2020

  • 193721Almon Strowger1898Lee De Forest1907


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  • 1941512Konrad ZuseZ3

  • 1941-1943Colossus computerENIAC

  • 2040

  • 2040Small-Scale Experimental MachineSSEMEDSAC

Commodore1980Amiga 500


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  • 20501958912Robert Noyce 19591964

  • 60 19641972IBM360

  • 701972197241INTEL80081976Apple I19775Apple II197961INTEL88088

  • 198219821Commodore 64595 198228028620MHz640KB 1MB270134000

  • 199011MPCMultimedia PC80286/12MHz 80386SX/16MHz150 KB/sec19941010 Intel75MHzPentium1995111Pentium Pro200MHz 4.4550199718IntelPentium MMX

  • 1965


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  • 2040

  • ALU ALU ALU ALU[


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  • I/O

  • ALUALU

  • 2080ALU

  • 1 AB2ABC3 A100F4F

  • 10110000Intel x86

  • CPU [2]

  • CPU Harvard architecture


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  • DNADNADNA


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