The Growth of the American Labor Movement. The Worker – Immigrants. Farmers Depression, Debt, Crop Prices Irish and German (Pre 1880s ) “Old Immigrants” Potato Famine, Jobs, Instable Govt Eastern/Southern Europeans (Post 1880’s) “New Immigrants”
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Why do Industrialists encourage Immigration?
What is this going to lead to?
The Molly Maguires (1875)
The Corporate “Bully-Boys”: Pinkerton Agents
“Tools” of Management
“Tools” of Labor
Uriah Stephens Founder (1869)
Terence V. Powderly Leader (1879-93)
Knights of Labor (1869)
Knights of Labor trade card
The American Federation of Labor: 1886
Remember Me Too!
How the AF of L Would Help the Workers
The Great Railroad Strike (1877)
Legacy: First major national labor conflict
The Tournament of Today: A Set-to Between Labor and Monopoly
Legacy: Negative/violent view on Labor Unions.
Homestead Steel Strike (1892)
Homestead Steel Works
Legacy: One of the largest labor disputes ever
The Amalgamated Association of Iron & Steel Workers
A Pullman porter
Legacy: Sets precedent of Federal Government involvement in breaking up strikes
If it takes the entire army and navy to deliver a postal card in Chicago, that card will be delivered!
Government by injunction!