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Measuring Migrant Stock in the Russian Federation (and selected CIS countries) Olga Chudinovskikh Moscow State Lomonosov University. Overview. UN approach to migrant stock estimation in the CIS countries: do the UN definitions always guarantee a correct result?
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Moscow State Lomonosov University
(International) migrant definition in the USSR and the RF statistics and science
Before 1990- main problems: to decrease migration from ruarl areas and to stimulate migration to the regions of rapid industrial development. No experience of international migration estimation (no special methodology, no special definitions)
Demographic encyclopedia published in 1985 defined only “a migrant” as “a person who migrates, i.e.
Criteria for statistical observation both of internal and international migrants in the USSR and Russia :
neither citizenship, nor place of birth criterion is used.
Since 2002- citizenship is one of migrant’s characteristics.
(Inertia or heritage of the past)
Census :the main source of data for migrants stock estimation. Questions related to migration in the CIS Censuses (Round 2000) programmes
+ Languages, ethnicity
In the RF census program place of previous residence was mentioned only by those who arrived
in 1989-2002 and related to the date of the previous census: Where lived in 1989
(Region, Rural or Urban area)
Period of residence criteria Distribution of life-time migrants (born abroad) by period of residence in selected CIS countries Source: National censuses data (Round 2000)
Percentage and dynamics of titular population in selected CIS countries.
(Source - National censuses (Round 2000) data, Statistics yearbook “CIS countries in 2002”)
Foreigners, foreign born and non-titular population in selected CIS countries- what criteria is the best?
Categories of visa in the RF (each includes subcategories)
by birth of as the USSR passport holder? Or –
By naturalization ?
When – did you get the RF citizenship?
Foreign population central data bankPlanned to be created by January 2007), responsibleauthority – Federal Migration service
Stage 1 (Ministry of home affairs data)
Stage 2 (Ministry of home affairs data)
Stage 3 (other ministries data)
Information exchange and distribution (rules are not defined)
They are supposed to create a background for the estimation of economic, political and cultural consequences of foreign migrants’ presence in the country, their interaction with local population, etc.
Concerns of immigrants integration
were born in the same country and were nationals of the same state
Experts’ point of view: Who is an international migrant?(Experts – statisticians, migration service officers, researchers.)