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The Metric System. Meters, Grams and Liters. The Metric System. The metric system is a measurement system based on our decimal (base 10) number system. Other countries and all scientists and engineers use the metric system for measurement. Metric Prefixes. Metric Units

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meters grams and liters

The Metric System

Meters, Grams and Liters

the metric system
The Metric System
  • The metric system is a measurement system based on our decimal (base 10) number system.
  • Other countries and all scientists and engineers use the metric system for measurement.
metric prefixes
Metric Prefixes
  • Metric Units
  • The metric system has prefix modifiers that are multiples of 10.
meters
Meters
  • Meters measure length or distance
  • One millimeter is about the thickness of a dime.
meters1
Meters
  • One centimeter is about the width of a large paper clip
  • or your fingernail.
meters2
Meters
  • A meter is about the width of a doorway
meters3
Meters
  • A kilometer is about six city blocks or 10 football fields.
  • 1.6 kilometers is about 1 mile
slide9
Gram
  • Grams are used to measure mass or the weight of an object.
grams
Grams
  • A milligram weighs about as much as a grain of salt.
grams1
Grams
  • 1 gram weighs about as much as a small paper clip.
  • 1 kilogram weighs about as much as 6 apples or 2 pounds.
liters
Liters
  • Liters measure liquids or capacity.

2 Liter Soda

liter
Liter
  • 1 milliliter is about the amount of one drop
liter1
Liter
  • 1 liter is half of a 2 liter bottle of Coke or other soda
slide16

What unit would you

use to measure each of

the following items?

changing metric units
Changing Metric Units
  • To change from one unit to another in the metric system you simply multiply or divide by a power of 10.
to change from a larger unit to a smaller unit you need to multiply

To change from a larger unit to a smaller unit, you need to multiply.

1 km x 1000 = 1000 m

1 m x 100 = 100 cm

1 cm x 10 = 10mm

place values of metric prefixes1
Place Values of Metric Prefixes

Movethe decimal point to the right to multiply.

to change from smaller units to larger units you divide by a power of ten

To change from smaller units to larger units you divide by a power of ten.

1000mm ÷ 10 = 100cm

100cm ÷ 10 = 10dm

10dm ÷ 10 = 1m

place values of metric prefixes3
Place Values of Metric Prefixes

Movethe decimal point to the left to divide.

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