The fall of Rome in 476 A.D. altered the map of Europe. The once great Roman Empire was replaced by hundreds of little kingdoms. It is important to remember that the central government collapsed when Rome fell.
The fall of Rome
in 476 A.D. altered
the map of Europe.
The once great
Roman Empire was
hundreds of little
It is important to remember that
the central government collapsed when
Without a central government, hundreds of kingdoms emerged. These kingdoms frequently went to war with one another.
Without a central government to
collect taxes and maintain an
imperial army, life became uncertain.
Warfare increased. Education
decreased. Danger was
It was a dangerous
time to be a
to rich landowners
and their armies for
Many peasants became serfs. They worked for lords in exchange
for protection and could not leave
their lord’s land.
And a new political and military
system developed. It was known
as feudalism and it involved the
exchange of land for military service.
Lords owned land.
They gave land to their vassals.
Vassals had to obey
lords and provide
military service and loyalty to lords.
A fief was all of the
Lord’s land. The
manor was part
of the fief. The
manor was the part
of the fief where
the peasants farmed
and the people lived.
A new economic system developed
known as manorialism. Since people
lived on the lord’s manor and the
manor was self-sufficient, the manor
produced all that people needed.
In dangerous times, it was
safest to stay close to home.